Acridinae

Slant-faced pasture grasshopper Orphulella speciosa, copyright Mathew Brust.


Belongs within: Acridoidea.

The Acridinae are a group of grasshoppers in which the prosternum lacks a central tubercle or spine (Rentz 1996). They include the cone-headed grasshoppers of the genus Acrida, relatively large grasshoppers with an elongate head and flat sword-shaped antennae.

<==Acridinae [Locustinae] R96
    |--Froggattina australis R96
    |--Calephorops R96
    |--Schizobothrus flavovittatus R91
    |--Cryptobothrus chrysophorus R96
    |--Perala R96
    |--Caledia captiva R96
    |--Rapsilla R96
    |--Qualetta maculata R96
    |--Pycnostictus seriatus R96
    |--Pseudaiolopus R96
    |--Heteropternis R96
    |--Gastrimargus musicus R96
    |--Chortoicetes terminifera R96
    |--Colpolopha obsoleta (Serville 1831) [=Tropinotus obsoletus] R18
    |--Tropidacris collaris (Stoll 1813) [=Gryllus (Locusta) collaris] R18
    |--Oxyblepta xanthoclora (Marschall 1835) [=Gryllus xanthochlorus] R18
    |--Mastusia caeruleipennis Bruner 1911 R18
    |--Eumastusia R18
    |--Vilerna aeneooculata (DeGeer 1773) [=Acrydium aeneooculatum] R18
    |--Ageneotettix BM76
    |--Amphitornus BM76
    |--Aulocara BM76
    |--Hyalopteryx rufipennis R15
    |--Orphula pagana R15
    |--Parorphula graminea R15
    |--Fenestra bohlsii R15
    |--Staurorhectus longicornis R15
    |--Scyllina picta R15
    |--Coryacris angustipennis R15
    |--Elaeochlora viridicata R15
    |--Chromacris miles R15
    |--Diponthus paraguayensis R15
    |--Zygoclistron superbum R15
    |--Aleuas gracilis R15
    |--Chloropseustes Rehn 1918 R18
    |    `--*C. leucotylus Rehn 1918 R18
    |--Stenacris R18
    |    |--S. cylindrodes (Stål 1860) [=Opsomala cylindrodes] R18
    |    `--S. interior R15
    |--Tetrataenia R18
    |    |--T. phila Rehn 1918 R18
    |    `--T. surinama (Linnaeus 1764) [=Gryllus surinamus] R18
    |--Bucephalacris R18
    |    |--*B. corallipes Bruner 1911 R18
    |    `--B. falcifer Rehn 1918 R18
    |--Osmilia R18
    |    |--O. flavolineata (DeGeer 1773) [=Acrydium flavolineatum] R18
    |    `--O. violacea R18
    |--Amblytropidia R15
    |    |--A. australis R15
    |    `--A. robusta R15
    |--Diedronotus R15
    |    |--D. discoideus R15
    |    `--D. laevipes R15
    |--Inusia R15
    |    |--I. gracillima R15
    |    `--I. pallida R15
    |--Leiotettix R15
    |    |--L. pulcher R15
    |    `--L. sanguineus R15
    |--Zoniopoda R15
    |    |--Z. cruentata R15
    |    |--Z. iheringi R15
    |    |--Z. omnicolor R15
    |    `--Z. tarsata R15
    |--Sitalces R18
    |    |--S. apterus (Scudder 1875) [=Ommatolampis apterus] R18
    |    |--S. debilis R18
    |    |--S. jugatus Rehn 1918 R18
    |    |--S. nudus R18
    |    `--S. ovatipennis Bruner 1908 R18
    |--Dichroplus R15
    |    |--D. bergii R15
    |    |--D. dubius R15
    |    |--D. elongatus R15
    |    |--D. punctulatus R15
    |    `--D. robustulus R15
    |--Austroicetes R96
    |    |--A. cruciata R96
    |    |--A. frater R96
    |    |--A. interioris R91
    |    |--A. nullaborensis R91
    |    |--A. pusilla W70
    |    |--A. tricolor K90
    |    `--A. vulgaris R96
    |--Acrida Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |    |--A. chinensis [=Tryxalis chinensis] B01
    |    |--A. conica R96
    |    |--A. csikii Bolivar 1901 B01
    |    |--A. lata BM76
    |    |--A. lineata B01
    |    |--A. nasuta (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Acrida) nasutus] L58
    |    `--A. turrita (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Acrida) turritus] L58
    |--Orphulella R18
    |    |--O. boucardi (Bruner 1904) [=Linoceratium boucardi] R18
    |    |--O. compta E70
    |    |--O. concinnula E70
    |    |--O. olivacea E70
    |    |--O. pelidna E70
    |    |--O. punctata (DeGeer 1773) [=Acrydium punctatum] R18
    |    |--O. speciosa E70
    |    `--O. tepaneca E70
    `--Locusta R96
         |--L. acuminata L02
         |--L. citrifolia L02
         |--L. coronata (Linnaeus 1758) L02, L58 [=Gryllus coronatus L02]
         |--L. migratoria R96
         |    |--L. m. migratoria R96
         |    |--L. m. manilensis K-P83
         |    `--L. m. migratorioides R96
         |--L. savignyi Lucas 1847 E12
         |--L. verrucivora (Linnaeus 1758) L02, L58 [=Gryllus verrucivorus L02]
         |--L. viridis L02
         `--L. viridissima B01

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[B01] Bolivar, I. 1901. Orthopterák [Orthoptères]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 223–243. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[E70] Eades, D. C. 1970. Theoretical and procedural aspects of numerical phyletics. Systematic Zoology 19 (2): 142–171.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[K90] Key, K. H. L. 1990. Host relations and distribution of species of Caeculisoma (Acarina: Erythraeidae) parasitising grasshoppers in Australia, with supplementary information for the genus Trombella (Trombellidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 38: 11–18.

[K-P83] Kukalová-Peck, J. 1983. Origin of the insect wing and wing articulation from the arthropodan leg. Canadian Journal of Zoology 61: 1618–1669.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[R15] Rehn, J. A. G. 1915. A further contribution to the knowledge of the Orthoptera of Argentina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 270–292.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[R91] Rentz, D. C. F. 1991. Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 369–393. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[W70] White, M. J. D. 1970. Cytogenetics. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 72–82. Melbourne University Press.

Last updated: 19 October 2017.

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