Eneopterinae

Female Insulascirtus nythos, copyright D. C. F. Rentz.


Belongs within: Grylloidea.

The Eneopterinae, bush crickets, are a diverse group of crickets characterised by adhesive pads on the tarsi. They may be divided into tribes that mostly differ in the form of the auditory tympana on the fore tarsi: in members of the Itarini, both the anterior and posterior tympana are large and well-developed, whereas in the Eneopterini the anterior tibia is reduced. The Podoscirtini vary in tympanal morphology (Rentz 1996).

Characters (from Rentz 1996): Males often with elongate hind wings; females winged or wingless. Head usually without dorsal bristles. Hind tibia with spines between most spurs. Middle tarsal segment with an adhesive pad.

<==Eneopterinae R96
    |--Itarini [Itarinae] R96
    |    |--Phaloria anapina R96
    |    `--Tremellia australis R96
    |--Eneopterini R96
    |    |--Cardiodactylus novaeguineae R96
    |    |--Eurepa R96
    |    |--Eurepella mjobergi R96, MC13
    |    |--Lebinthus miripara R96
    |    |--Salmonites wittiliko R96
    |    |--Myara R96
    |    |    |--M. aperta R91
    |    |    |--M. pakaria R96
    |    |    `--M. wintrena R96
    |    `--Arilpa R96
    |         |--A. gidya R96
    |         |--A. milkappa R96
    |         |--A. panaroo R96
    |         |--A. pitanae R96
    |         `--A. wirrilla R96
    `--Podoscirtini [Euscyrtinae, Podoscirtinae] R96
         |--Hemiphonus R96
         |--Mundeicus tindalei R96
         |--Unka boreena R96
         |--Riatina callosifrons R96
         |--Tamborina australis R96
         |--Madasumma R96
         |--Merrinella tandanya R96
         |--Turana kiwani R96, MC13
         |--Tozeria R96
         |--Patiscus R96
         |--Euscyrtus hemelytrus R96
         |--Adenopterus norfolkensis R96
         |--Matuanus O94
         |--Archenopterus O94
         |--Umbulgaria R96
         |    |--U. hillimunga R96
         |    `--U. ita R96
         |--Aphonoides R96
         |    |--A. angustissimus R96
         |    |--A. debilis R96
         |    `--A. weeronga R96
         `--Insulascirtus R96
              |--I. christiani R96
              |--I. ellops R96
              `--I. nythos R96

Eneopterinae incertae sedis:
  Tafalisca lurida O94
  Hapithus O94
    |--H. brevipennis O94
    `--H. melodius O94
  Aphonomorphus R18
    |--A. conspersus R18
    |--A. griseus Chopard 1912 R18
    |--A. lividus R18
    |--A. major Chopard 1912 R18
    |--A. surdus Rehn 1918 R18
    `--A. variegatus R18
  Orocharis BM76

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[O94] Otte, D. 1994. The Crickets of Hawaii: origin, systematics and evolution. The Orthopterists' Society: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of ParĂ¡, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[R91] Rentz, D. C. F. 1991. Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 369–393. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

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