Scolopendromorpha

Cryptops hortensis, copyright Tom Murray.


Belongs within: Myriapoda.

The Scolopendromorpha are a group of often large centipedes, bearing either 21 or 23 pairs of legs (Mundel 1990).

See also: Giant centipedes (that aren't all giants).

<==Scolopendromorpha
    |--Scolopendridae GEW01
    |    |  i. s.: Ethmostigmus GEW01
    |    |         Cormocephalus GEW01
    |    |           |--C. hartmeyeri MG06
    |    |           `--C. rubriceps DGH93
    |    |--Otostigminae [Otostigmidae] K54
    |    |    |--Rhysida nuda (Newport 1845) [=Branchiostoma nudum] K54
    |    |    `--Otostigma politum Karsch 1881 A01
    |    `--Scolopendra [Scolopendrinae] RS10
    |         |--S. cingulata GR98
    |         |--S. gigantea K55
    |         |    |--S. g. gigantea K55
    |         |    `--S. g. weyrauchi Bücherl 1950 K55
    |         |--S. heros MH96
    |         |--S. polymorpha RS10
    |         |--S. subspinipes Leach 1815 SB12
    |         |--S. viridicornis K55
    |         `--S. viridis Say 1821 K54
    `--Cryptopidae E06
         |--Otocryptops [Scolopocryptopinae] K54
         |    `--O. ferrugineus (Linnaeus 1767) [=Scolopendra ferruginea] K54
         |--Newportia [Dinocryptopinae] K55
         |    |--N. fuhrmanni Ribaut 1914 K55
         |    |--N. ignorata Kraus 1955 K55
         |    |--N. monticola Pocock 1890 K55
         |    |--N. simoni Brölemann 1898 K55
         |    `--N. stolli (Pocock 1896) [=Scolopendrides stolli] K54
         `--Cryptops Leach 1815 E06
              |  i. s.: C. anomalans Newport 1844 BFM03
              |         C. zelandicus M59
              |--*C. (Cryptops) hortensis (Donovan 1810) [=Scolopendra hortensis] E06
              `--C. (Trigonocryptops Verhoeff 1906) E06
                   |--C. (*T.) gigas Kraepelin 1903 E06
                   |--C. (T.) camoowealensis Edgecombe 2006 E06
                   |--C. (T.) loveridgei Lawrence 1953 [incl. C. bokumensis Kraus 1958] E06
                   |--C. (T.) roeplainsensis Edgecombe 2005 E06
                   |--C. (T.) spinipes Pocock 1891 E06
                   `--C. (T.) troglobius Matic et al. 1977 E06

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A01] Attems, C. Graf. 1901. Myriopodák [Myriopoden]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy], Band II. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy], pp. 275-310. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[BFM03] Bonato, L., D. Foddai & A. Minelli. 2003. Evolutionary trends and patterns in centipede segment number based on a cladistic analysis of Mecistocephalidae (Chilopoda: Geophilomorpha). Systematic Entomology 28: 539-579.

[DGH93] Daugherty, C. H., G. W. Gibbs & R. A. Hitchmough. 1993. Mega-island or micro-continent? New Zealand and its fauna. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8 (12): 437-442.

[E06] Edgecombe, G. D. 2006. A troglobitic cryptopid centipede (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha) from western Queensland. Records of the Western Australian Museum 23 (2): 193-198.

[GEW01] Giribet, G., G. D. Edgecombe & W. C. Wheeler. 2001. Arthropod phylogeny based on eight molecular loci and morphology. Nature 413: 157-161.

[GR98] Giribet, G., & C. Ribera. 1998. The position of arthropods in the animal kingdom: A search for a reliable outgroup for internal arthropod phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 9: 481-488.

[K54] Kraus, O. 1954. Myriapoden aus El Salvador. Senckenbergiana Biologica 35 (5-6): 293-349.

[K55] Kraus, O. 1955. Myriapoden aus Peru, III. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (3-4): 173-200.

[MG06] Mallatt, J., & G. Giribet. 2006. Further use of nearly complete 28S and 18S rRNA genes to classify Ecdysozoa: 37 more arthropods and a kinorhynch. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 772-794.

[MH96] Miller, S. A., & J. P. Harley. 1996. Zoology (3rd ed.) Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

[M59] Morgan, F. D. 1959. The ecology and external morphology of Stolotermes ruficeps Brauer (Isoptera: Hodotermitidae). Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 86 (1): 155-195.

Mundel, P. 1990. Chilopoda. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 819-833. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[RS10] Regier, J. C., J. W. Shultz, A. Zwick, A. Hussey, B. Ball, R. Wetzer, J. W. Martin & C. W. Cunningham. 2010. Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences. Nature 463: 1079-1083.

[SB12] Smith, M. J., C. R. J. Boland, D. Maple & B. Tiernan. 2012. The Christmas Island blue-tailed skink (Cryptoblepharus egeriae): a survey protocol and an assessment of factors that relate to occupancy and detection. Records of the Western Australian Museum 27 (1): 40-44.

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