Tettigonioidea

Ephippigera nigromarginata, from here.


Belongs within: Apohaglida.
Contains: Listroscelidinae, Tettigoniinae, Austrosaginae, Conocephalinae, Phaneropterinae, Pseudophyllinae, Decticinae.

The Tettigonioidea includes the katydids, long-horned orthopterans that often mimic leaves and other plant parts. Members of this group include both carnivorous and herbivorous forms. Modern tettigonioids are classified into the family Tettigoniidae; a separate family has been proposed for the Early Cretaceous Haglotettigonia egregia, representing the earliest appearance of the group in the fossil record (Gorochov & Rasnitsyn 2002).

Synapomorphies (from Gorochov & Rasnitsyn 2002): Both sexes with forewing vein MP (=MA2) reduced at least in part; male forewing with lancet area narrow.

<==Tettigonioidea
    |--Haglotettigonia [Haglotettigoniidae] GR02
    |    `--H. egregia Gorokhov 1988 BN02
    `--Tettigoniidae TW05
         |  i. s.: Drymadusa G01
         |         Mortoniellus R96
         |         Lipotactes R96
         |         Picnogaster finoti D95
         |         Segestes decoratus K91
         |         Baetica ustulata MB12
         |         Pycnogaster inermis MB12
         |         Eurinoscopus hamadryas Kirkaldy 1907 K08
         |         Hybrasil breani Kirkaldy 1907 K08
         |         Conosanus hospes [=Phrynomorphus hospes] K08
         |         Allygus K08
         |           |--A. lotophagorum Kirkaldy 1907 K08
         |           `--A. modestus V09
         |         Nesosteles hebe Kirkaldy 1906 K08
         |         Cicadula K08
         |           |--C. binotata H01
         |           |--C. euryphaessa Kirkaldy 1907 K08
         |           |--C. hyadas Kirkaldy 1907 K08
         |           |--C. sexnotata H01
         |           `--C. vitiensis Kirkaldy 1906 K08
         |         Muirella oxyomma Kirkaldy 1907 K08
         |--Listroscelidinae R96
         |--Tettigoniinae R96
         |--Austrosaginae R96
         |--Conocephalinae R96
         |--Phaneropterinae P05
         |--Pseudophyllinae R96
         |--Saginae R91
         |--Pseudotettigonia GE05 [Psedotettigoniinae GR02]
         |    `--P. amoena GE05
         |--Meconema V09 [Meconematidae, Meconematinae R96]
         |    |--M. meridionale V09
         |    `--M. thalassinum K09
         |--Microtettigonia [Microtettigoniinae] R96
         |    |--M. kangaroo R96
         |    `--M. tachys R96
         |--Phasmodes [Phasmodinae] R96
         |    |--P. nungeroo R96
         |    `--P. ranatriformis R96
         |--Phyllophorinae R96
         |    |--Siliquofera R96
         |    `--Phyllophorella R96
         |--Tympanophora R96 [Tympanophorinae GR02]
         |    |--T. diminuta R96
         |    |--T. pellucida R91
         |    |--T. similis R96
         |    `--T. uvarovi R96
         |--Ephippigera E12 [Ephipperinae BM76]
         |    |--E. costaticollis Lucas 1847 E12
         |    |--E. laticollis Lucas 1847 E12
         |    |--E. nigromarginata Lucas 1847 E12
         |    `--E. pachygaster Lucas 1847 E12
         |--Pleminiinae FD01
         |    |--Gnathoclita FD01
         |    |--Disceratus FD01
         |    |--Pleminia BM76
         |    `--Dicranostomus FD01
         |         |--D. monocerus FD01
         |         `--D. nitidus FD01
         |--Mecopodinae R96
         |    |  i. s.: Eumecopoda R96
         |    |--Sexavini R96
         |    |    |--Segestidea novaeguineae R96, K91
         |    |    `--Sexava nubila K91
         |    `--Mecopodini R96
         |         |--Mecopoda elongata S66
         |         `--Phricta spinosa Redtenbacher 1891 [incl. *Phoberodema redtenbacheri Brancsik 1897] R96
         |--Zaprochilinae R96
         |    |--Anthophiloptera dryas R96
         |    |--Windbalea viride R96
         |    |--Zaprochilus R96
         |    |    |--Z. australis R96
         |    |    `--Z. ninae R96
         |    `--Kawanaphila R96
         |         |--K. gidya R96
         |         |--K. iyouta R96
         |         `--K. nartee R96
         `--Decticinae P05

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BN02] Béthoux, O., A. Nel, J. Lapeyrie, G. Gand & J. Galtier. 2002. Raphogla rubra gen. n., sp. n., the oldest representative of the clade of modern Ensifera (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidea, Gryllidea). European Journal of Entomology 99: 111–116.

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[D95] Damerdji, A. 1995. Bio-écologie du peuplement des orthoptères de la région de Ghazaouet (Tlemcen, Algérie). Mésogée 54: 73–80.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[FD01] Field, L. H., & N. A. Deans. 2001. Sexual selection and secondary sexual characters of wetas and king crickets. In: Field, L. H. (ed.) The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies pp. 179–204. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[G01] Gorochov, A. V. 2001. The higher classification, phylogeny and evolution of the superfamily Stenopelmatoidea. In: Field, L. H. (ed.) The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies pp. 3–33. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[GR02] Gorochov, A. V., & A. P. Rasnitsyn. 2002. Superorder Gryllidea Laicharting, 1781 (=Orthopteroidea Handlirsch, 1903). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 293–303. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H01] Horváth, G. 1901. Hemipterák [Hemiptera]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 245–274. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[K91] Kathirithamby, J. 1991. Strepsiptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 2 pp. 684–695. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[K08] Kirkaldy, G. W. 1908. A catalogue of the Hemiptera of Fiji. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 345–391, pl. 4.

[K09] Köhler, G. 2009. Heuschrecken (Saltatoria) und Ohrwürmner (Dermaptera) im Immissionsgebiet des Düngemittelwerkes Steudnitz/Thüringen—eine Langzeitstudie (1978–2001). Mauritiana 20 (3): 601–646.

[MB12] Mayoral, J. G., & P. Barranco. 2012. A new genus and species of larval mite (Acari: Prostigmata: Microtrombidiidae) parasitising Orthoptera (Tettigoniidae) from the Sierra Nevada, Spain. Systematic Parasitology 83: 77–84.

[P05] Papapavlou, K. P. 2005. New distributional data on the Orthoptera (Saltatoria) of the northern Dodecanese (“southern Sporadhes”) archipelago, Greece. Graellsia 61 (1): 3–11.

[R91] Rentz, D. C. F. 1991. Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 369–393. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[S66] Southcott, R. V. 1966. Revision of the genus Charletonia Oudemans (Acarina: Erythraeidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14: 687–819.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240–257.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the Wild Fauna and Flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

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