Bulrush Scirpus lacustris, from here.

Belongs within: Cyperaceae.
Contains: Scirpus section Isolepis.

The Scirpeae is a tribe of sedges in which all flowers are hermaphroditic, and the glumes are spirally arranged and all floriferous except the lowest (Healy & Edgar 1980). Members of the tribe are found in wetland habitats, some in standing water.

    |--Desmoschoenus spiralis HE80, MC03
    |--Fimbristylis Vahl 1806 HE80, MWN03
    |    |  i. s.: F. aggregata Fischer 1931 AD05
    |    |         F. dichotoma KYK07
    |    |         F. hispidula C55b
    |    |         F. paupercula AD05
    |    |         F. quinquangularis PP07
    |    |         F. rigidula KYK07
    |    |         F. tomentosa VB02
    |    |         F. tristachya KYK07
    |    |--F. sect. Cymosae MWN03
    |    |    |--F. cymosa MWN03
    |    |    |--F. dura MWN03
    |    |    `--F. sericea MWN03
    |    |--F. sect. Fuscae MWN03
    |    |    |--F. disticha MWN03
    |    |    |--F. eragrostis MWN03
    |    |    `--F. intonsa MWN03
    |    `--F. sect. Trichelostylis MWN03
    |         |--F. complanata MWN03
    |         |--F. thomsonii MWN03
    |         `--F. woodrowii MWN03
    |--Eleocharis HE80
    |    |--E. acicularis BB01
    |    |--E. acuta C27
    |    |    |--E. a. var. acuta C27
    |    |    `--E. a. var. tenuis Carse 1927 C27
    |    |--E. acutangula VB02
    |    |--E. atropurpurea C55b
    |    |    |--E. a. var. atropurpurea C55b
    |    |    `--E. a. var. minor C55b
    |    |--E. capitata C55b
    |    |--E. cunninghamii A27
    |    |--E. dulcis BB01
    |    |--E. equisetina K72
    |    |--E. flaccida J87
    |    |--E. geniculata PP07
    |    |--E. palustris C55a
    |    |--E. rostellata Torr. 1843 BF89
    |    `--E. sphacelata GK00
    `--Scirpus HE80
         |  i. s.: S. americanus HE80
         |         S. articulatus BB01
         |         S. australiensis HE80
         |         S. cartilagineus [=Isolepis cartilaginea] HE80
         |         S. filiformis A27
         |         S. frondosus A27
         |         S. lenticularis C27
         |         S. maritimus A27
         |         S. microcarpus BB03
         |         S. riparius D03
         |         S. robustus A27
         |--S. sect. Scirpus HE80
         |    |--S. caldwellii Cook 1947 HE80
         |    |--S. fluviatilis (Torrey) Gray 1848 HE80
         |    |--S. georgianus Harper 1900 HE80
         |    |--S. medianus Cook 1947 HE80
         |    `--S. polystachyus von Mueller 1855 HE80
         |--S. sect. Eleogiton HE80
         |    |--S. crassiusculus (Hooker) Bentham 1878 HE80
         |    `--S. fluitans Linnaeus 1753 HE80 [=Isolepis fluitans C27]
         |         |--S. f. var. fluitans C27
         |         `--S. f. var. productus C27
         |--S. (sect. Holoschoenus) nodosus Rottboel 1773 HE80 [=Isolepis nodosa SM06]
         |--S. sect. Isolepis HE80
         `--S. sect. Schoenoplectus HE80
              |--S. lacustris Linnaeus 1753 HE80 [=Schoenoplectus lacustris L06]
              |--S. pungens Vahl 1806 HE80
              |--‘Schoenoplectus’ roylei PP07
              |--‘Schoenoplectus’ supinus PP07
              |    |--S. s. ssp. supinus PP07
              |    `--S. s. ssp. lateriflorus PP07
              `--‘Schoenoplectus’ validus SM06

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A27] Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 905-977.

[AD05] Arisdason, W. & P. Daniel. 2005. Fimbristylis aggregata C.E.C. Fisch. (Cyperaceae), rediscovered from the Anamalais, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47 (1-4): 163-166.

[BB01] Bauer, R., D. Begerow, A. Nagler & F. Oberwinkler. 2001. The Georgefischeriales: A phylogenetic hypothesis. Mycological Research 105 (4): 416-424.

[BB03] Bauer, R., D. Begerow, F. Oberwinkler & L. Marvanová. 2003. Classicula: The teleomorph of Naiadella fluitans. Mycologia 95 (4): 756-764.

[BF89] Burnham, B. H. & P. E. Fell. 1989. Distribution of Melampus bidentatus (Say) and Succinea wilsoni (Lea) within a tidal marsh in eastern Connecticut. Nautilus 103 (3): 109-112.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C27] Carse, H. 1927. Botanical notes, with descriptions of new species. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 89-93.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899, vol. 8 – Botany (W. B. Scott, ed.) pp. 1-34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323-402.

[HE80] Healy, A. J., & E. Edgar. 1980. Flora of New Zealand vol. III. Adventive cyperaceous, petalous and spathaceous monocotyledons. P. D. Hasselberg, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[K72] Key, K. H. L. 1972. A revision of the Psednurini (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae). Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplementary Series 14: 1-72.

[KYK07] Khan, M. R., P. S. Yadava & A. Kikim. 2007. Additions to the flora of Manipur. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 215-218.

[L06] Lewin, I. 2006. The gastropod communities in the lowland rivers of agricultural areas – their biodiversity and bioindicative value in the Ciechanowska Upland, central Poland. Malacologia 49 (1): 7-23.

[MWN03] Menapace, F. J., D. E. Wujek & B. H. M. Nijalingappa. 2003. Achene micromorphology of some Indian Cyperaceae. V. Achene micromorphology as a possible systematic aid to the taxonomic recognition of Fimbristylis sections. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1-4): 21-28.

[MC03] Mostert, L., P. W. Crous, J. Z. Groenewald, W. Gams & R. C. Summerbell. 2003. Togninia (Calosphaeriales) is confirmed as teleomorph of Phaeoacremonium by means of morphology, sexual compatibility and DNA phylogeny. Mycologia 95 (4): 646-659.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P. & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 15-78.

[SM06] Semeniuk, C. A., L. A. Milne, P. Ladd & V. Semeniuk. 2006. Pollen in the surface sediments of wetlands in the Becher Point area, southwestern Australia: a baseline for use in interpreting Holocene sequences. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89 (1): 27-43.

[VB02] Vijay, S. K., & T. N. Bhardwaja. 2002. Vegetation and phenodynamics of wetlands of central Rajasthan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 573-581.

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