Deergrass Trichophorum cespitosum, copyright S. Rae.

Belongs within: Cyperaceae.
Contains: Kyllinga, Scirpus, Eriophorum, Carex.

The Scirpeae are a tribe of sedges in which all flowers are hermaphroditic, and the glumes are spirally arranged and all floriferous except the lowest (Healy & Edgar 1980). Members of the tribe are found in wetland habitats, some in standing water. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that the group is paraphyletic to the genus Carex which produces unisexual flowers.

<==Scirpeae SB19
    |  i. s.: Kyllinga B78
    |         Desmoschoenus Hook. f. 1853 ME70
    |           `--D. spiralis (Rich.) Hook. f. 1853 (see below for synonymy) ME70
    |         Lipocarpha B78
    |           |--L. argentea [=Hypaelyptum (l. c. for Hypolytrum) argenteum] B78
    |           |--L. aristulata [=Hemicarpha micrantha var. aristulata] H93
    |           |--L. micrantha [=Hemicarpha micrantha; incl. H. micrantha var. minor] H93
    |           |--L. microcephala [=Hypaelyptum (l. c. for Hypolytrum) microcephalum; incl. Scirpus leptocarpus] B78
    |           `--L. occidentalis [=Hemicarpha occidentalis] H93
    |--Calliscirpus SB19
    |    |--C. brachythrix SB19
    |    `--C. criniger SB19
    `--+--+--+--Amphiscirpus nevadensis SB19
       |  |  `--+--Zameioscirpus SB19
       |  |     |    |--Z. gaimardioides SB19
       |  |     |    `--+--Z. atacamensis SB19
       |  |     |       `--Z. muticus SB19
       |  |     `--+--Rhodoscirpus asper SB19
       |  |        `--Phylloscirpus SB19
       |  |             |--P. deserticola SB19
       |  |             `--+--P. acaulis SB19
       |  |                `--P. boliviensis SB19
       |  `--+--‘Scirpus’ ternatanus SB19
       |     `--+--Scirpus SB19
       |        `--Eriophorum SB19
       `--+--+--Oreobolopsis SB19
          |  |    |--O. clementis SB19
          |  |    `--+--O. tepalifera SB19
          |  |       `--+--O. inversa SB19
          |  |          `--‘Trichophorum’ rigidum SB19
          |  |--Trichophorum SB19
          |  |    |--T. cespitosum SB19
          |  |    |--T. pumilum SB19
          |  |    |--+--T. clintonii SB19
          |  |    |  `--T. planifolium SB19
          |  |    `--+--T. alpinum SB19
          |  |       `--+--T. dioicum SB19
          |  |          `--T. subcapitatum SB19
          |  `--Cypringlea SB19
          |       |--C. analecta SB19
          |       `--C. evadens SB19
          `--+--Sumatroscirpus [Sumatroscirpeae] SB19
             |    |--S. paniculatocorymbosus SB19
             |    `--S. rupestris SB19
             `--Carex SB19

Desmoschoenus spiralis (Rich.) Hook. f. 1853 [=Isolepis spiralis Rich. 1832, Scirpus spiralis (Rich.) Druce 1917 non Rottb. 1773, S. frondosus Boeck. 1878, Anthophyllum urvillei Steud. 1855] ME70

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B78] Bentham, G. 1878. Flora Australiensis: A description of the plants of the Australian Territory vol. 7. Roxburghiaceae to Filices. L. Reeve & Co.: London.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[ME70] Moore, L. B., & E. Edgar. 1970. Flora of New Zealand vol. 2. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Monocotyledones except Gramineae. A. R. Shearer, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[SB19] Semmouri, I., K. Bauters, É. Léveillé-Bourret, J. R. Starr, P. Goetghebeur & I. Larridon. 2019. Phylogeny and systematics of Cyperaceae, the evolution and importance of embryo morphology. Botanical Review 85: 1–39.

Last updated: 4 January 2022.

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