Field of Science

Vicia

Bird vetch Vicia cracca, photographed by Bogdan.


Belongs within: Papilionoideae.

Vicia, the vetches, is a genus of about 160 species of herbaceous legumes (many trailers or climbers) found in the northern temperate zone and South America. The broad bean Vicia faba is cultivated for food. This and other species are also grown as fodder for livestock and as a source of nitrogen for soils.

Characters (from Bao & Turland): Herbs annual or perennial. Stem usually branched, erect, trailing, or climbing by means of tendrils, usually slender, wingless. Leaves paripinnate with rachis terminating in a tendril, bristle, or mucro, rarely imparipinnate with rachis terminating in a leaflet; stipules entire or toothed at margin; leaflets 1-13-paired, margin entire. Inflorescence a raceme, or flowers in axil­lary fascicles or solitary; bracts usually absent or caducous. Calyx more or less campanulate, equally or unequally toothed, often hairy; teeth not leaflike, at least 2 teeth less than 2 times as long as tube. Corolla various shades of blue, purple, red, yellow, or white; standard with a proximal claw and distal limb, apex retuse. Stamens diadelphous; staminal tube oblique at apex; filaments filiform. Ovary stalked or subsessile; ovules 2-8; style terete, hairy all round distal part, hairy on lower side, or glabrous. Legume usually compressed, dehis­cent along sutures. Seeds 2-8, globose, oblate, or oblong; hilum often elongate.

<==Vicia
    `--V. sect. Cracca ED98
         |--V. erzurumica Erik & Demirkuş 1998 ED98
         `--V. glareosa ED98

Vicia incertae sedis:
  V. americana CL86
  V. amphicarpa D37
  V. angustifolia D37
  V. articulata LR-S01
  V. benghalensis LR-S01
  V. cracca BO08
  V. cretica PT98
  V. cuspidata PT98
  V. darapskyana D03
  V. ervillia LR-S01
  V. faba Linnaeus 1753 CD07 [=Faba vulgaris C55b]
  V. grandiflora H91
  V. hirsuta H59
  V. hybrida PT98
  V. lathyroides PT98
  V. lutea H91
  V. narbonensis LR-S01
  V. palaestina PT98
  V. parviflora PT98
  V. patagonica D03
  V. peregrina PT98
  V. pubescens PT98
  V. sativa LR-S01
    |--V. s. ssp. sativa Y98
    |--V. s. ssp. incisa [incl. V. pimpinelloides] Y98
    `--V. s. ssp. nigra PT98
  V. sylvatica C55a
  V. tenuifolia H91
  V. tetrasperma PT98
  V. villosa LR-S01
    |--V. v. ssp. villosa PT98
    `--V. v. ssp. microphylla PT98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BO08] Bönsel, D., I. Ottich, A. Malten & G. Zizka. 2008. An updated list of the vascular plants of Frankfurt am Main (Pteridophyta & Spermatophyta). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 111-121.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1-E44.

[CL86] Collins, E. I. & R. W. Lichvar. 1986. Vegetation inventory of current and historic black-footed ferret habitat in Wyoming. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 8: 85-93.

[D37] Dobzhansky, T. 1937. Genetics and the Origin of Species. Columbia University Press: New York.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899, vol. 8—Botany (W. B. Scott, ed.) pp. 1-34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[ED98] Erik, S., & N. Demirkuş. 1998. New species from NE Turkey: Chaerophyllum posofianum (Apiaceae) and Vicia erzurumica (Fabaceae). Willdenowia 28: 151-156.

[H59] Healy, A. J. 1959. Contributions to a knowledge of the adventive flora of New Zealand, no. 7. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 86 (1): 113-118.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255-260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[LR-S01] Liu, A., & T. J. Ridsdill-Smith. 2001. Comparison of feeding damage by redlegged earth mite Halotydeus destructor (Tucker) (Acari: Penthaleidae) to different grain legume species as an indicator of potentially resistant lines. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 295-299. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: Flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95-116.

[Y98] Yannitsaros, A. 1998. Additions to the flora of Kithira (Greece) I. Willdenowia 28: 77-94.

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