Malvidae

Oreganillo amarillo Wendtia gracilis, photographed by Patricio Novoa.


Belongs within: Rosidae.
Contains: Myrtales, Geraniaceae, Melianthales, Sapindales, Brassicales, Malvales.

The Malvidae is a major clade of flowering plants supported by molecular analysis, defined by Cantino et al. (2007) to include Sapindales, Malvales, Brassicales and Tapisciaceae, but expanded by Wang et al. (2009) to include Myrtales, Geraniales and Crossosomatales (thus maintining the Malvidae as the sister group to the other major rosid clade, the Fabidae). The Malvidae roughly corresponds to the "eurosids II" clade of many studies. Within the Malvidae, the Crossosomatales are a relatively small but morphologically diverse assemblage; members of the Crossosomatales do, however, share a similarly much thickened seed coat (Angiosperm Phylogeny Website).

<==Malvidae [Sapindanae]
    |--+--Myrtales WM09
    |  `--Geraniales WM09
    |       |  i. s.: Tremandraceae T00
    |       |           |--Platytheca galioides T00, GK00
    |       |           `--Tremandra diffusa T00
    |       |--Geraniaceae WM09
    |       `--+--Melianthales WM09
    |          `--+--Viviania [Vivianiaceae, Vivianioideae] WM09
    |             |    `--V. marifolia WM09
    |             `--Ledocarpaceae WM09
    |                  |--Rhynchotheca [Rhynchothecoideae] T00
    |                  `--Ledocarpoideae T00
    |                       |--Balbisia T00
    |                       `--Wendtia T00
    |                            |--W. gracilis WM09
    |                            `--W. reynoldsi D03
    `--+--+--Picramniaceae WM09
       |  |    |--Alvaradoa [Alvaradoideae] T00
       |  |    `--Picramnia [Picramnioideae] WM09
       |  |         `--P. pentandra WM09
       |  `--+--Sapindales WM09
       |     `--+--Tapisciaceae [Huerteales, Tapiscioideae] WM09
       |        |    |--Huertea T00
       |        |    `--Tapiscia sinensis Oliv. 1890 CD07
       |        `--+--Brassicales WM09
       |           `--Malvales WM09
       `--Crossosomatales WM09
            |  i. s.: Geissoloma T00 [Geissolomataceae CD07]
            |--+--Aphloia [Aphloiaceae] WM09
            |  |    `--A. theiformis WM09
            |  `--+--Ixerba [Ixerbaceae] WM09
            |     |    `--I. brexioides WM09
            |     `--Strasburgeria [Strasburgeriaceae] WM09
            |          `--S. robusta WM09
            `--+--Staphyleaceae [Staphyleoideae] WM09
               |    |--Euscaphis T00
               |    |--Turpinia picardae T00, J87
               |    `--Staphylea trifoliata WM09
               `--+--Stachyurus [Stachyuraceae] WM09
                  |    `--S. praecox WM09
                  `--Crossosomataceae WM09
                       |--Apacheria T00
                       |--Crossosoma californicum WM09
                       |--Glossopetalon T00
                       `--Velascoa T00

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1-E44.

[D03] Dus̩n, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899, vol. 8 РBotany (W. B. Scott, ed.) pp. 1-34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323-402.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441-647.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853-3858.

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