Japanese pagoda tree Sophora japonica, from here.

Belongs within: Papilionoideae.

The Sophoreae are a primarily tropical tribe of the Papilionoideae, many members of which are small trees. Members lack clear morphological synapomorphies but are generally characterised by free stamens (Cardoso et al. 2013). They include the necklacepod Sophora tomentosa, a pantropical small tree found in coastal regions with sea-drifted seeds.

    |  i. s.: Ammothamnus CP13
    |         Anagyris foetida CP13, H97
    |         Euchresta CP13
    |         Platycelyphium CP13
    |         Salweenia CP13
    |--+--Bolusanthus speciosus CP13
    |  `--Dicraeopetalum stipulare CP13
    `--+--Maackia amurensis CP13
       |    |--M. a. var. amurensis LO98
       |    `--M. a. var. buergeri LO98
       |--Thermopsis [Thermopsideae] CP13
       |    |  i. s.: T. barbata O88
       |    |         T. macrophylla H93
       |    |           |--T. m. var. macrophylla [incl. T. macrophylla var. agnina] H93
       |    |           |--T. m. var. argentata H93
       |    |           |--T. m. var. semota H93
       |    |           `--T. m. var. venosa [incl. T. gracilis] H93
       |    |         T. montana AB03
       |    |--+--T. alpina CP13
       |    |  |--T. lanceolata CP13
       |    |  `--Piptanthus nepalensis CP13
       |    `--+--T. rhombifolia CP13
       |       `--Baptisia CP13
       |            |--B. alba R56
       |            |--B. australis CP13
       |            `--B. leucophaea V72
       `--+--Ammopiptanthus CP13
          |    |--A. mongolicus CP13
          |    `--A. nanus CP13
          `--Sophora Linnaeus 1753 CP13, A61
               |  i. s.: S. chrysophylla HSS13
               |         S. inhambanensis CP13
               |         S. japonica MH98
               |         S. pachycarpa KU02
               |         S. tomentosa CP13
               |         S. toromiro H70
               |--+--Ammodendron argenteum CP13
               |  `--+--S. davidii CP13
               |     `--+--S. nuttalliana CP13
               |        `--S. stenophylla CP13
               `--+--S. macrocarpa CP13
                  `--S. sect. Edwardsia C06
                       |--‘Edwardsia’ macnabiana D03
                       |--S. microphylla Ait. 1789 CP13, A61 (see below for synonymy)
                       |    |--S. m. var. microphylla A61
                       |    |--S. m. var. fulvida Allan 1961 A61
                       |    `--S. m. var. longicarinata (Simpson) Allan 1961 [=S. longicarinata Simpson 1942] A61
                       |--S. prostrata Buchan. 1884 C06, A61 (see below for synonymy)
                       `--S. tetraptera Mill. 1780 C06, A61 (see below for synonymy)

Sophora microphylla Ait. 1789 CP13, A61 [=Edwardsia grandiflora var. microphylla Hooker 1852 A61, E. microphylla Salisb. 1808 A61, Sophora tetraptera var. microphylla Hooker 1864 A61; incl. S. chathamica Cockayne 1902 A61]

Sophora prostrata Buchan. 1884 C06, A61 [=Edwardsia prostrata (Buchan.) Oliver 1921 A61, S. tetraptera var. prostrata (Buchan.) Kirk 1899 A61]

Sophora tetraptera Mill. 1780 C06, A61 [=Edwardsia tetraptera (Mill.) Oliver 1921 A61; incl. E. grandiflora Salisb. 1808 A61, Sophora tetraptera var. grandiflora C06]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AB03] Ainouche, A., R. J. Bayer, P. Cubas & M.-T. Misset. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships within tribe Genisteae (Papilionoideae) with special reference to genus Ulex. In: Bruneau, B. B. K. A. (ed.) Advances in Legume Systematics vol. 10. Higher Level Systematics pp. 239–252. Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.

[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[CP13] Cardoso, D., R. T. Pennington, L. P. de Queiroz, J. S. Boatwright, B.-E. Van Wyk, M. F. Wojciechowski & M. Lavin. 2013. Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes. South African Journal of Botany 89: 58–75.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 1–34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[H70] Hammer, M. 1970. A few oribatid mites from Easter Island. Pacific Insects 12 (2): 279–289.

[H97] Heenan, P. B. 1997. Wood anatomy of the Carmichaelia (Fabaceae) complex in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 35: 395–415.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[HSS13] Hirschfeld, E., A. Swash & R. Still. 2013. The World's Rarest Birds. Princeton University Press: Princeton (New Jersey).

[KU02] Khanjani, M., & E. A. Ueckermann. 2002. The stigmaeid mites of Iran (Acari: Stigmaeidae). International Journal of Acarology 28 (4): 317–339.

[LO98] Lack, H. W., & H. Ohba. 1998. Die Xylothek des Chikusai Kato. Willdenowia 28: 263–276.

[MH98] Morikawa, H., A. Higaki, M. Nohno, M. Takahashi, M. Kamada, M. Nakata, G. Toyohara, Y. Okamura, K. Matsui, S. Kitani, K. Fujita, K. Irifune & N. Goshima. 1998. More than a 600-fold variation in nitrogen dioxide assimilation among 217 plant taxa. Plant, Cell and Environment 21: 180–190.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: an introductory note. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19–46.

[R56] Reed, C. F. 1956. Hyla cinerea in Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia, with notes on the taxonomic status of Hyla cinerea evittata. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (10): 328–332.

[V72] Voss, E. G. 1972. Michigan Flora. Part I. Gymnosperms and Monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium.

Last updated: 27 March 2021.

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