Field of Science

Juglandanae

Forest dominated by myrtle beech Nothofagus cunninghamii, photographed by Simon Fraser.


Belongs within: Rosidae.

The Juglandanae was listed by Doweld (2001) as a taxon uniting the wind-pollinated families Myricaceae, Juglandaceae and Nothofagus; the molecular analysis by Wang et al. (2009) supports a clade of Myrica and Juglans within the Fagales. Members of the Juglandaceae are grown for their edible nuts, particularly species of Juglans (walnuts) and Carya (hickory nuts). The Myricaceae are a family of small trees and shrubs, most of which are aromatic and resinous. Nothofagus, the southern beeches, is a genus of trees found in South America and Australasia, primarily in cooler habitats.

<==Juglandanae
    |--Myricaceae T00 [Myricales D01, Myricineae]
    |    |--Canacomyrica T00
    |    `--Myrica WM09
    |         |--M. californica HL08
    |         |--M. cerifera WM09
    |         |--M. esculenta P88
    |         |--M. faya Z02
    |         |--M. longifolia Unger 1840 [incl. M. ophir Unger 1850] HL08
    |         |--M. matheroniana [=Comptonia matheroniana] S89
    |         |--M. picardae J87
    |         |--M. rubra MH98
    |         `--M. vernassiensis GT02
    |--Nothofagus LC95 [Nothofagaceae, Nothofagales D01]
    |    |  i. s.: N. apiculata A27
    |    |         N. blairii A27
    |    |--N. subg. Lophozonia LC95
    |    |    |--+--N. cunninghamii LC95
    |    |    |  `--+--N. menziesii LC95
    |    |    |     `--N. moorei LC95
    |    |    `--+--N. glauca LC95
    |    |       `--+--N. alpina LC95
    |    |          `--N. obliqua LC95
    |    `--+--N. subg. Fuscospora LC95
    |       |    |--N. alessandri LC95
    |       |    `--+--N. gunnii LC95
    |       |       `--+--N. solandri LC95
    |       |          |    |--N. s. var. solandri G01
    |       |          |    `--N. s. var. cliffortioides G01
    |       |          `--+--N. fusca LC95
    |       |             `--N. truncata LC95
    |       `--+--N. subg. Nothofagus LC95
    |          |    |--+--N. antarctica LC95
    |          |    |  `--N. pumilio LC95
    |          |    `--+--N. nitida LC95
    |          |       `--+--N. betuloides LC95
    |          |          `--N. dombeyi DG03
    |          `--N. subg. Brassospora LC95
    |               |--N. rubra LC95
    |               |--+--N. discoidea LC95
    |               |  `--+--N. aequilateralis LC95
    |               |     `--+--N. balansae LC95
    |               |        `--N. codonandra LC95
    |               `--+--+--N. carrii LC95
    |                  |  `--+--N. flaviramea LC95
    |                  |     `--N. pullei LC95
    |                  `--+--+--N. crenata LC95
    |                     |  `--+--N. brassii LC95
    |                     |     `--N. starkenborghii LC95
    |                     `--+--N. perryi LC95
    |                        `--+--N. grandis LC95
    |                           `--N. resinosa LC95
    `--Juglandaceae [Juglandales] WM09
         |--Platycarya [Platycaryoideae] T00
         |--Englehardioideae T00
         |    |--Alfaroa T00
         |    |--Engelhardia D07
         |    |    |--E. orsbergensis HL08
         |    |    `--E. spicata D07
         |    `--Oreomunnea T00
         `--Juglandoideae T00
              |--Cyclocarya T00
              |--Pterocarya T00
              |--Carya T00
              |    |--C. altenburgensis JD05
              |    |--C. cordiformes B75
              |    |--C. glabra CS05
              |    |--C. illinoinensis DD06
              |    `--C. ovata H03
              `--Juglans WM09
                   |--J. ailanthifolia [incl. J. sieboldiana] LO98
                   |    |--J. a. var. ailanthifolia LO98
                   |    `--J. a. var. cordiformis LO98
                   |--J. cinerea C96
                   |--J. nigra WM09
                   `--J. regia BBO01

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A27] Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 905-977.

[BBO01] Begerow, D., R. Bauer & F. Oberwinkler. 2001. Muribasidiospora: Microstromatales or Exobasidiales? Mycological Research 105 (7): 798-810.

[B75] Bowles, J. B. 1975. Distribution and biogeography of mammals of Iowa. Special Publications, The Museum, Texas Tech University 9: 1-184.

[C96] Campbell, N. A. 1996. Biology (4th ed.) The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc.: Menlo Park (California).

[CS05] Connors, M. J., E. M. Schauber, A. Forbes, C. G. Jones, B. J. Goodwin & R. S. Ostfeld. 2005. Use of track plates to quantify predation risk at small spatial scales. Journal of Mammalogy 86 (5): 991-996.

[D07] Dash, S. S. 2007. Useful plants of Kabi Sacred Grove, Sikkim. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 79-88.

[DG03] Davis, D. R., & P. Gentili. 2003. Andesianidae, a new family of monotrysian moths (Lepidoptera: Andesianoidea) from South America. Invertebrate Systematics 17: 15-26.

[DD06] Doty, J. B., & R. C. Dowler. 2006. Denning ecology in sympatric populations of skunks (Spilogale gracilis and Mephitis mephitis) in west-central Texas. Journal of Mammalogy 87 (1): 131-138.

[D01] Doweld, A. B. 2001. The systematic relevance of fruit and seed structure in Bersama and Melianthus (Melianthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 227: 75-103.

[G01] Gibbs, G. W. 2001. Habitats and biogeography of New Zealand’s deinacridine and tusked weta species. In The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies (L. H. Field, ed.) pp. 35-55. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[GT02] Gomez, B., F. Thévenard, M. Fantin & L. Guisberti. 2002. Late Cretaceous plants from the Bonarelli Level of the Venetian Alps, northeastern Italy. Cretaceous Research 23: 671-685.

[H03] Healy, R. A. 2003. Mattirolomyces tiffanyae, a new truffle from Iowa, with ultrastructural evidence for its classification in the Pezizaceae. Mycologia 95 (4): 765-772.

[HL08] Henniger, M. & R. Leder. 2008. Eozäne Makroflora der Querfurter Mulde. Mauritiana 20 (2): 229-251.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[JD05] Junge, F. W., M. Dolezych, H. Walther, T. Böttger, A. Kühl, L. Kunzmann, P. Morgenstern, T. Steinberg & R. Stange. 2005. Ein Fenster in Landschaft und Vegetation vor 37 Millionen Jahren: Lithologische, sedimentgeochemische und paläobotanische Befunde aus einem Paläoflusssystem des Weißelsterbeckens. Mauritiana 19 (2): 185-273.

[LO98] Lack, H. W., & H. Ohba. 1998. Die Xylothek des Chikusai Kato. Willdenowia 28: 263-276.

[LC95] Linder, H. P. & M. D. Crisp. 1995. Nothofagus and Pacific biogeography. Cladistics 11: 5-32.

[MH98] Morikawa, H., A. Higaki, M. Nohno, M. Takahashi, M. Kamada, M. Nakata, G. Toyohara, Y. Okamura, K. Matsui, S. Kitani, K. Fujita, K. Irifune & N. Goshima. 1998. More than a 600-fold variation in nitrogen dioxide assimilation among 217 plant taxa. Plant, Cell and Environment 21: 180-190.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[S89] Squinabol, S. 1889. Res Ligusticae. VII.—Cenno preliminare sulla flora fossile di Santa Giustina. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 73-76.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441-647.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853-3858.

[Z02] Zherikhin, V. V. 2002. Ecological history of the terrestrial insects. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 331-388. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

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