Cheesemania radicata, copyright Tindo2.

Belongs within: Brassicales.
Contains: Draba, Brassica, Lepidium, Cardamine.

The Brassicaceae is a cosmopolitan family of herbs and sub-shrubs. The alternative name Cruciferae (meaning 'cross-bearer') refers to the cross-shaped flowers of members of this family, with four petals. The Brassicaceae include a number of commercially significant species, the most important of which are species of the genus Brassica. Others include radish Raphanus sativus, rocket Eruca sativa and watercress Nasturtium officinale. The mouse-ear cress Arabidopsis thaliana has become a significant model organism used in research on plant genetics.

Tribes within the Brassicaceae can be distinguished on the basis of characters of the fruits and cotyledons (Allan 1961). Members of the Arabideae have cotyledons that are accumbent (with the radicle lying perpendicular to the cotyledons) and a fruit that is a silique (an elongate capsule formed from two fused carpels more than three times as long as wide). In Lepideae and Sisymbrieae the cotyledons are incumbent (lying parallel to the radicle); Sisymbrieae have the fruit as a silique, while that of Lepideae is a short silique or a silicle (less than three times as long as wide).

Characters (from Allan 1961): Annual to perennial herbs or subshrubs with mostly alternate exstipulate leaves. Flowers perfect, regular, or nearly so, usually in bractless racemes; sepals 4, petals 4-(0); stamens usually 6, tetradynamous; anthers 2-(1)-celled. Ovary usually of two united carpels, divided by a thin membrane into 'cells'; stigmas 2, often connate; fruit usually dehiscent. Seeds usually without endosperm; cotyledons accumbent, incumbent or sometimes conduplicate.

Brassicaceae [Cruciales, Cruciferae]
    |--Sisymbrieae A61
    |    |--Ischnocarpus Schulz 1924 A61
    |    |    `--I. novae-zelandiae (Hook. f.) Schulz 1924 [=Sisymbrium novae-zelandiae Hook. f. 1864] A61
    |    `--Sisymbrium KM08
    |         |--S. irio Y98
    |         |--S. officinale GK00
    |         |--S. orientale KM08
    |         `--S. polyceratium C55b
    |--Lepideae A61
    |    |--Lepidium A61
    |    |--Pachycladon Hook. f. 1867 A61
    |    |    |--P. crenata Phillipson 1957 A61
    |    |    `--P. novae-zelandiae Hook. f. 1867 (see below for synonymy) A61
    |    `--Notothlaspi Hook. f. 1862 A61
    |         |--N. australe Hook. f. 1864 [=Thlaspi australe Hook. f. 1855] A61
    |         |    |--N. a. var. australe A61
    |         |    `--N. a. var. stellatum Kirk 1899 A61
    |         `--N. rosulatum Hook. f. 1864 (see below for synonymy) A61
    `--Arabideae A61
         |--Cardamine A61
         |--Rorippa Scop. 1760 A61
         |    |--R. divaricata LM98 [=Cardamine divaricata Hook. f. 1852 A61]
         |    |--R. islandica (Oeder) Borbas 1900 A61 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--R. nasturtium-aquaticum PT01
         |    `--R. stylosa (DC.) Allan 1961 (see below for synonymy) A61
         |--Arabis PT98
         |    |--A. albida C55b
         |    |--A. alpina C55b
         |    |--A. pterosperma O88
         |    |--A. recta [incl. A. auriculata] H91
         |    |--A. stricta C55a
         |    |--A. thaliana [=Sisymbrium thaliana] C55b
         |    |--A. turrita H91
         |    `--A. verna PT98
         `--Cheesemania Schulz 1929 A61
              |--C. enysii (Cheesem.) Schulz 1929 (see below for synonymy) A61
              |--C. fastigiata (Hook. f.) Schulz 1929 (see below for synonymy) A61
              |    |--C. f. var. fastigiata A61
              |    `--C. f. var. stellata Allan 1947 A61
              |--C. gibbsii (Cheesem.) Schulz 1929 [=Nasturtium gibbsii Cheesem. 1925] A61
              |--C. latesiliqua (Cheesem.) Schulz 1929 (see below for synonymy) A61
              |--C. radicata A61
              `--C. wallii (Carse) Allan 1947 [=Nasturtium wallii Carse 1926] A61

Brassicaceae incertae sedis:
  Isatis tinctoria PT01
  Lobularia maritima PT01
  Arabidopsis thaliana (Linnaeus) Heynhold 1842 PT01, AS12
  Arcyosperma primulifolium O88
  Christolea crassifolia O88
  Chrysobraya glaricola O88
  Desideria nepalensis O88
  Dilophia salsa O88
  Dontostemon pectinatus O88
  Ermaniopsis pumila O88
  Eutrema heterophyllum O88
  Glaribraya lowndesii O88
  Loxostemon pulchellus O88
  Megacarpaea polyandra O88
  Phaeonychium parryoides O88
  Pycnoplinthopsis bhutanica O88
  Torularia humilis O88
  Alliaria petiolata TG88
  Cheiranthus cheiri TG88
  Cardaria draba Y98
  Coronopus didymus Y98
  Clypeola jonthlaspi PT98
  Hirschfeldia incana PT98
  Erucaria hispanica AGF98
  Zilla spinosa AGF98
  Farsetia hamiltonii PP07
  Conringia orientalis H91
  Capsella bursa-pastoris PT98
  Rapistrum rugosum M65
  Eruca PT01
    |--E. sativa PT01
    `--E. vesicaria H91
  Cakile KM08
    |--C. edentula G88
    `--C. maritima KM08
  Iberis PT01
    |--I. amara C55b
    `--I. umbellata PT01
  Lunaria PT01
    |--L. annua PT01
    `--L. rediviva C55a
  Hutchinsia C55a
    |--H. alpina C55a
    `--H. petraea [=Lepidium petraeum] C55a
  Braya O88
    |--B. alpina C55b
    `--B. oxycarpa O88
  Ermania O88
    |--E. himalayensis O88
    `--E. linearis O88
  Lignariella hobsonii O88
    |--L. h. ssp. hobsonii O88
    `--L. h. ssp. serpens O88
  Pegaeophyton O88
    |--P. minutum O88
    `--P. scapiflorum O88
  Staintoniella O88
    |--S. nepalensis O88
    `--S. verticillata O88
  Aethionema saxatile (Linnaeus) Brown 1812 PL04
    |--A. s. ssp. saxatile Y98
    `--A. s. ssp. creticum Y98
  Bunias Y98
    |--B. erucago Y98
    `--B. orientalis C55b
  Calepina PT98
    |--C. corvini [incl. Bunias cochlearioides] C55b
    `--C. irregularis PT98
  Smelowskia Meyer ex Ledebour 1830 (nom. cons. prop.) (see below for synonymy) A-S03
    |--S. alba [=Sisymbrium album, *Sm. cinerea Ledebour 1830 (nom. illeg.)] A-S03
    `--*Redowskia’ sophiifolia von Chamisso & Schltdl. 1826 A-S03
  Stenopetalum G04
    |--S. filifolium G04
    `--S. pedicellare G04
  Hornungia KM08
    |--H. petraea H91
    `--H. procumbens KM08
  Descurainia ES06
    |--D. bourgaeana ES06
    |--D. pinnata CL86
    `--D. sophia O88
  Erophila PT98
    |--E. macrocarpa PT98
    |--E. praecox PT98
    `--E. verna G88
  Biscutella PT98
    |--B. didyma PT98
    |--B. laevigata D37
    `--B. prealpina Raffaelli & Baldoin 1997 PS98
  Sinapis PT98
    |--S. arvensis PT98
    |--S. dissecta C55a
    `--S. nigra C55b
  Diplotaxis GR98
    |--D. erucoides GR98
    |--D. muralis C55b
    `--D. tenuifolia C55b
  Hesperis PT01
    |--H. matronalis PT01
    |    |--H. m. ssp. matronalis H09
    |    `--H. m. ssp. candida H09
    `--H. oblongifolia H09
  Barbarea GR98
    |--B. verna PT01
    `--B. vulgaris GR98
         |--B. v. ssp. vulgaris GR98
         `--B. v. ssp. arcuata GR98
  Heliophila CV06
    |--H. deserticola CV06
    |    |--H. d. var. deserticola CV06
    |    `--H. d. var. micrantha CV06
    `--H. obibensis CV06
  Matthiola PT01
    |--M. annua D59
    |--M. bicornis PT01
    |--M. glabra D59
    |--M. incana Y98
    `--M. sinuata PT98
  Erysimum PT01
    |--E. cheiranthoides C55b
    |--E. cheiri PT01
    |--¬E. dolpoense O88
    |--E. orientale C55b
    `--E. virgatum C55b
  Raphanus PT01
    |--R. raphanistrum PT98
    `--R. sativus W02
         |--R. s. var. sativus W02
         |--R. s. var. longipinnatus P88
         `--R. s. var. oleiformis W02
  Malcolmia PL04
    |--M. chia PT98
    |--M. flexuosa PT98
    |--M. littorea C74
    |--M. macrocalyx (Halácsy) Rech. 1929 PL04
    |    |--M. m. ssp. macrocalyx PL04
    |    `--M. m. ssp. scyria (Rech.) Ball 1963 PL04
    `--M. maritima PT01
  Nasturtium C55a
    |--N. microphyllum HE80
    |--N. officinale D07
    `--N. pyrenaicum C55a
  Alyssum PL04
    |--A. calycinum C55b
    |--A. densistellatum Dudley 1962 PL04
    |--A. euboeum Halácsy 1900 PL04
    |--A. maritimum C55b
    |--A. saxatile BO08
    `--A. simplex PT98
  Thlaspi H91
    |--T. alliaceum C55b
    |--T. alpestre C55b
    |--T. andersonii O88
    |--T. arvense O88
    |--T. cochlearioides O88
    |--T. magellanicum D03
    |--T. montanum O88
    `--T. perfoliatum H91
  Draba O88
  Brassica CD07
  Harmsiodoxa M99
    |--H. blennodioides M99
    `--H. puberula M99
  Blennodia pterosperma M99

Cheesemania enysii (Cheesem.) Schulz 1929 [=Cardamine enysii Cheesem. ex Kirk 1899, Nasturtium enysii Cheesem. 1911] A61

Cheesemania fastigiata (Hook. f.) Schulz 1929 [=Arabis fastigiata Hook. f. 1855, Cardamine fastigiata Hook. f. 1864, Nasturtium fastigiatum (Hook. f.) Cheesem. 1911; incl. Pachycladon elongata Buchan. 1887, Notothlaspi hookeri Buchan. 1888] A61

Cheesemania latesiliqua (Cheesem.) Schulz 1929 [=Cardamine latesiliqua Cheesem. 1883, Nasturtium latesiliqua Cheesem. 1883] A61

Notothlaspi rosulatum Hook. f. 1864 [incl. N. rosulatum var. hursthousei Petrie 1926, N. notabilis Buchan. 1882] A61

Pachycladon novae-zelandiae Hook. f. 1867 [=Braya novae-zelandiae Hook. f. 1864; incl. P. glabra Buchanan 1882, P. novae-zelandiae var. glabra (Buchanan) Kirk 1899] A61

Rorippa islandica (Oeder) Borbas 1900 A61 [=Sisymbrium islandicum Oeder 1768 A61; incl. Nasturtium palustre DC. 1821 A61, Rorippa palustre CS77, N. sylvestre Rich. 1832 non Rorippa sylvestris (Linnaeus) Besser 1822 A61]

Rorippa stylosa (DC.) Allan 1961 [=Cardamine stylosa DC. 1821, Nasturtium stylosum (DC.) Schulz 1903; incl. Arabis gigantea Hook. f. 1840] A61

Smelowskia Meyer ex Ledebour 1830 (nom. cons. prop.) [incl. Gorodkovia Botsch. & Karav. 1959, Hedinia Ostenfeld 1922, Redowskia von Chamisso & Schltdl. 1826 (nom. rej. prop.), Sinosophiopsis Al-Shehbaz 2000] A-S03

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AGF98] Abd El-Ghani, M. M., & A. G. Fahmy. 1998. Composition of and changes in the spontaneous flora of Feiran Oasis, S Sinai, Egypt, in the last 60 years. Willdenowia 28: 123–134.

[AS12] Adl, S. M., A. G. B. Simpson, C. E. Lane, J. Lukeš, D. Bass, S. S. Bowser, M. W. Brown, F. Burki, M. Dunthorn, V. Hampl, A. Heiss, M. Hoppenrath, E. Lara, E. Le Gall, D. H. Lynn, H. McManus, E. A. D. Mitchell, S. E. Mozley-Stanridge, L. W. Parfrey, J. Pawlowski, S. Rueckert, L. Shadwick, C. L. Schoch, A. Smirnov & F. W. Spiegel. 2012. The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–493.

[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[A-S03] Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 2003. (1583) Proposal to conserve the name Smelowskia against Redowskia (Brassicaceae). Taxon 52: 360–361.

[BO08] Bönsel, D., I. Ottich, A. Malten & G. Zizka. 2008. An updated list of the vascular plants of Frankfurt am Main (Pteridophyta & Spermatophyta). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 111–121.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[C74] Coineau, Y. 1974. Éléments pour une monographie morphologique, écologique et biologique des Caeculidae (Acariens). Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, nouvelle série, Série A, Zoologie 81: 1–299, 24 pls.

[CL86] Collins, E. I., & R. W. Lichvar. 1986. Vegetation inventory of current and historic black-footed ferret habitat in Wyoming. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 8: 85–93.

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[D59] Darwin, C. 1859. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life 1st ed. John Murray: London (reprinted 1967. Atheneum: New York; 1968. Penguin Books: London).

[D07] Dash, S. S. 2007. Useful plants of Kabi Sacred Grove, Sikkim. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1–4): 79–88.

[D37] Dobzhansky, T. 1937. Genetics and the Origin of Species. Columbia University Press: New York.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 1–34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[ES06] Erber, D., & M. Schöller. 2006. Revision of the Cryptocephalus-species of the Canary Islands and Madeira (Insecta, Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Cryptocephalinae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 86 (1): 85–107.

[G04] Gibson, N. 2004. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 6. Mt Manning Range. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 35–47.

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323–402.

[GR98] Greuter, W., & T. Raus (eds.) 1998. Med-Checklist Notulae, 17. Willdenowia 28: 163–174.

[G88] Grubb, P. J. 1988. The uncoupling of disturbance and recruitment, two kinds of seed bank, and persistence of plant populations at the regional and local scales. Annales Zoologici Fennici 25: 23–26.

[HE80] Healy, A. J., & E. Edgar. 1980. Flora of New Zealand vol. III. Adventive cyperaceous, petalous and spathaceous monocotyledons. P. D. Hasselberg, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[H09] Heltmann, H. 2009. Der Königstein (Piatra Craiului), die Perle der Burzenländer Gebirge. Mauritiana 20 (3): 515–527.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255–260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11–19.

[LM98] Lange, P. J. de, & B. G. Murray. 1998. Senecio repangae (Asteraceae): a new endemic species from the north-eastern North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 36: 509–519.

[M99] Matthews, M. 1999. Heliothine Moths of Australia: A guide to bollworms and related noctuid groups. CSIRO Publishing.

[M65] Michener, C. D. 1965. A classification of the bees of the Australian and South Pacific regions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 130: 1–362.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: an introductory note. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19–46.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1–4): 15–78.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95–116.

[PT01] Pemberton, L. M. S., S.-L. Tsai, P. H. Lovell & P. J. Harris. 2001. Epidermal patterning in seedling roots of eudicotyledons. Annals of Botany 87: 649–654.

[PL04] Pohl, G., & I. Lenski. 2004. Zur Verbreitung und Vergesellschaftung von Pennisetum orientale Rich. in Nordeuböa (Griechenland) (Poaceae, Paniceae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 209–223.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[PS98] Prosser, F., & S. Scortegagna. 1998. Primula recubariensis, a new species of Primula sect. Auricula Duby endemic to the SE Prealps, Italy. Willdenowia 28: 27–46.

[TG88] Tepfer, D., A. Goldmann, N. Pamboukdjian, M. Maille, A. Lepingle, D. Chevalier, J. Dénarié & C. Rosenberg. 1988. A plasmid of Rhizobium meliloti 41 encodes catabolism of two compounds from root exudate of Calystegium sepium. Journal of Bacteriology 170 (3): 1153–1161.

[W02] Wyss, U. 2002. Feeding behaviour of plant-parasitic nematodes. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 233–259. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[Y98] Yannitsaros, A. 1998. Additions to the flora of Kithira (Greece) I. Willdenowia 28: 77–94.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS