California wild grape Vitis californica, from Wikimedia Commons.

Belongs within: Gunneridae.

The Vitaceae are a pantropical group of flowering plants including the grapes of the genus Vitis and related taxa. Most are woody vines with tendrils opposite the leaves except for the genus Leea, species of which are herbs or trees.

Characters (from Hickman 1993): Woody vines; tendrils opposite leaves; flowers sometimes unisexual. Leaves generally many, cauline, simple or compound, alternate, petioled, deciduous; stipules generally deciduous. Inflorescence a cyme or panicle, generally opposite leaf, peduncled. Flowers radial; sepals generally reduced, generally fused, lobes 5 or absent; petals generally 5, free, reflexed and falling individually (or adherent at tips, more or less erect, and falling as unit), reddish or yellowish; stamens generally 5, opposite petals; nectaries absent or between stamens as more or less free glands; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2(—4), style 1 or absent, stigma inconspicuous or head-like. Fruit a berry. Seeds 1-6, large.

<==Vitaceae [Ampelideae, Vitales, Vitineae]
    |  i. s.: ‘Tricolporopollenites’ marcodurensis Gruas-Cavagnetto 1978 CBH93
    |--Ampelopsis YY22
    |    |--A. hederacea C55
    |    `--A. heterophyla T72
    |--Clematicissus YY22
    |--Landukia YY22
    |--Pteresanthes YY22
    |--Quinaria YY22
    |--Cayratia LK14
    |    |--C. japonica DD73
    |    |--C. pedata DD73
    |    `--C. trifolia LK14
    |--Ievlevia dorofeevii Samylina 1976 CBH93
    |--Lagenula Lour. 1790 KC01
    |--Parthenocissus P93
    |    |--P. quinquefolia BT87
    |    |--P. tricuspidata BTA75
    |    `--P. vitacea H93
    |--Leea [Leeaceae, Leeoideae] WM09
    |    |--L. acuminata DD73
    |    |--L. asiatica BB07
    |    |--L. bracteata DD73
    |    |--L. edgeworthii P03
    |    |--L. guineensis WM09
    |    |--L. indica DD73
    |    |--L. robusta DD73
    |    `--L. umbraculifera DD73
    |--Ampelocissus LK14
    |    |--A. acetosa LK14
    |    |--A. barbata DD73
    |    |--A. latifolia P03
    |    `--A. tomentosa P03
    |--Cyphostemma CV06
    |    |--C. bainesii CV06
    |    |--C. currorii CV06
    |    |--C. juttae CV06
    |    `--C. omburense CV06
    |--Tetrastigma DL07
    |    |--T. bracteolatum DD73
    |    |--T. dichotomum A78
    |    |--T. diepenhostii K03
    |    |--T. dubium DW04
    |    |--T. hypoclaucum DW04
    |    |--T. lanceolarium A78
    |    |--T. leucostaphylum NDA05
    |    |--T. mutabile A78
    |    |--T. nitens M04
    |    |--T. obovatum NDA05
    |    |--T. papillosum A78
    |    |--T. pergamaceum [=Vitis pergamacea] A78
    |    |--T. rumicisperma DD73
    |    `--T. serrulatum D07
    |--Cissus LK14
    |    |--C. adenocaulis H91
    |    |--C. adnata LK14
    |    |--C. antarctica [=Vitis antarctica; incl. V. baudiniana, Cissus glandulosa] H97
    |    |--C. assamica DD73
    |    |--C. dissecta J87
    |    |--C. hypoglauca WO92
    |    |--C. palmata F11
    |    |--C. reniformis LK14
    |    |--C. repanda KJ05
    |    |--C. sisyoides BT87
    |    |--C. sterculiifolia WO95
    |    `--C. verticillata J87
    `--Vitis [Vitoideae] TE00
         |--V. aestivalis Michx. 1803 CD07
         |--V. californica H93
         |--V. forestdalensis Traverse 1955 CBH93
         |--V. girdiana H93
         |--V. labrusca TE00
         |--V. munsoniana WD91
         |--V. oblongata H97
         |--V. papillosa A78
         |--V. riparia TE00
         |--V. rupestris CGW91
         |--V. shifunensis A78
         |--V. sterculifolia H97
         |--V. trifolia K03
         |--V. vinifera WM09
         `--V. vitiginea KJ05

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A78] Ananthakrishnan, T. N. 1978. Thrips galls and gall thrips. Zoological Survey of India, Technical Monograph 1: 1–69, 26 pls.

[BB07] Baishya, A. K., & P. J. Bora. 2007. Cross community ethno-medico botany of Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve, Assam. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 121–154.

[BT87] Baker, E. W., & D. M. Tuttle. 1987. The false spider mites of Mexico (Tenuipalpidae: Acari). United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1706: 1–237.

[BTA75] Baker, E. W., D. M. Tuttle & M. J. Abbatiello. 1975. The false spider mites of northwestern and north central Mexico (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 194: 1–23.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[CBH93] Collinson, M. E., M. C. Boulter & P. L. Holmes. 1993. Magnoliophyta (‘Angiospermae’). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 809–841. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[D07] Dash, S. S. 2007. Useful plants of Kabi Sacred Grove, Sikkim. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 79–88.

[DL07] Davis, C. C., M. Latvis, D. L. Nickrent, K. J. Wurdack & D. A. Baum. 2007. Floral gigantism in Rafflesiaceae. Science 315: 1812.

[DW04] Davis, C. C., & K. J. Wurdack. 2004. Host-to-parasite gene transfer in flowering plants: phylogenetic evidence from Malpighiales. Science 305 (5684): 676–678.

[DD73] Deb, D. B., & R. M. Dutta. 1973. Contribution to the flora of Tirap Frontier Division. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (3): 547–573.

[F11] Fraga, R. M. 2011. Family Icteridae (New World blackbirds). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 684–807. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[H97] Hamilton, A. G. 1897. On domatia in certain Australian and other plants. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (4): 758–792, pl. 57.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[H91] Hokkanen, H. M. T. 1991. Trap cropping in pest management. Annual Review of Entomology 36: 119–138.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[KJ05] Katewa, S. S., A. Jain, B. L. Chaudhary & P. Galav. 2005. Some unreported medicinal uses of plants from the tribal area of Southern Rajasthan. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 121–130.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81–98.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M04] Mound, L. A. 2004. Australian long-tailed gall thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripinae, Leeuweniini), with comments on related Old World taxa. Australian Journal of Entomology 43: 28–37.

[NDA05] Nickrent, D. L., J. P. Der & F. E. Anderson. 2005. Discovery of the photosynthetic relatives of the "Maltese mushroom" Cynomorium. BMC Evolutionary Biology 5: 38.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 121–142.

[P93] Pittaway, A. R. 1993. The Hawkmoths of the Western Palaearctic. Harley Books: Colchester.

[TE00] Tibbetts, T. J. & F. W. Ewers. 2000. Root pressure and specific conductivity in temperate lianas: exotic Celastrus orbiculatus (Celastraceae) vs. native Vitis riparia (Vitaceae). American Journal of Botany 87: 1272–1278.

[T72] Tsuneki, K. 1972. Studies on the scoliid wasps of eastern Asia (Hymenoptera). Etizenia 62: 1–41.

[WD91] Walter, D. E., & H. A. Denmark. 1991. Use of leaf domatia on wild grape (Vitis munsoniana) by arthropods in central Florida. Florida Entomologist 74 (3): 440–446.

[WO92] Walter, D. E., & D. J. O'Dowd. 1992. Leaf morphology and predators: effect of leaf domatia on the abundance of predatory mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Environmental Entomology 21 (3): 478–484.

[WO95] Walter, D. E., & D. J. O'Dowd. 1995. Beneath biodiversity: factors influencing the diversity and abundance of canopy mites. Selbyana 16 (1): 12–20.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853–3858.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1–62.

Last updated: 7 June 2022.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS