Guava Psidium guajava, from here.

Belongs within: Myrtaceae.
Contains: Eugenia.

The Myrteae is a clade within the family Myrtaceae containing taxa with fleshy fruits and radiating ovules. Many species, such as the feijoa Acca sellowiana and the strawberry myrtle Ugni molinae, are grown for their fruit. The common guava Psidium guajava is a native of the Neotropics that has become widely introduced to warmer regions around the world. The true myrtle Myrtus communis is not known as a source of fruit but is grown for its aromatic flowers.

Characters (from Wilson et al. 2005): Trees, sometimes shrubs; hairs simple occasionally T-shaped. Leaves opposite. Inflorescences axillary, sometimes paniculate; perianth free or calyx calyptrate; stamens free, numerous; anthers versatile, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary inferior, mostly bi- or trilocular; placentas axile, ovules radiating, sometimes pendulous; vascular supply to ovary trans-septal. Fruit indehiscent, fleshy; seeds usually numerous; embryo variable, cotyledons small to leafy or thick.

<==Myrteae (see below for synonymy) WO05
    |--+--Uromyrtus australis WO05
    |  |--Decaspermum WO05
    |  |    |--D. fruticosum [incl. Myrtus vitiensis, Nelitris vitiensis] HM03
    |  |    `--D. humile WO05
    |  `--+--+--‘Rhodomyrtus’ macrocarpa WO05
    |     |  |--Archirhodomyrtus beckleri WO05
    |     |  `--Pilidiostigma papuanum WO05
    |     `--+--Rhodomyrtus WO05
    |        |    |--R. tomentosa WO05
    |        |    `--R. trineura B00
    |        `--Rhodamnia WO05
    |             |--R. argentea WO05
    |             |--R. blairiana WO95
    |             |--R. cinerea P88
    |             |--R. sessiliflora WO95
    |             |--R. rubescens B00
    |             `--R. trinervia C16
    `--+--Myrtus communis Linnaeus 1753 WO05, PL04
       `--+--Myrciaria WO05
          |    |--M. paraensis DS86
          |    `--M. vexator WO05
          |--+--Eugenia WO05
          |  `--Hexachlamys edulis WO05
          |--+--Blepharocalyx tweediei WO05 [=Myrtus tweedii H01]
          |  `--Luma apiculata WO05 [=Eugenia apiculata H93]
          |--+--Acca sellowiana WO05
          |  `--Lenwebbia prominens WO05
          |--+--Campomanesia guazumifolia WO05
          |  |--Ugni molinae WO05
          |  `--Pimenta WO05
          |       |--P. dioica H93
          |       `--P. racemosa WO05
          |--Calyptranthes WO05
          |    |--C. densifolia J87
          |    |--C. hotteana J87
          |    |--C. nummularia J87
          |    |--C. pallens WO05
          |    |--C. pitoniana J87
          |    |--C. sintenisii J87
          |    `--C. ternifolia J87
          `--Psidium WO05
               |--P. cattleianum H06
               |--P. × durbanensis H06
               |--P. guajava H06
               |--P. guineense H06
               |--P. longipes WO05
               |--P. pomiferum C55
               `--P. pyriferum C55

Myrteae incertae sedis:
  Accara WO05
  Amomyrtella WO05
  Amomyrtus WO05
  Austromyrtus WO05
  Calycolpus WO05
  Calycorectes WO05
  Chamguava WO05
  Gomidesia lindeniana WO05, J87
  Gossia WO05
  Lophomyrtus Burret 1941 WO05, A61
    |--*L. bullata (Sol. ex Cunn.) Burret 1941 [=Myrtus bullata Sol. ex Cunn. 1839 non Salisb. 1796] A61
    |--L. obcordata (Raoul) Burret 1941 (see below for synonymy) A61
    `--‘Myrtus’ × ralpii Hook. f. 1855 [Lophomyrtus bullata × L. obcordata] A61
  Marlierea WO05
  Meteoromyrtus WO05
  Mosiera WO05
  Myrceugenia fernandeziana WO05, P-GR14
  Myrcia WO05
    |--M. deflexa SWK87
    `--M. tiburoniana J87
  Myrcianthes WO05
    |--M. ferreyrae OA02
    `--M. pungens F11
  Myrrhinium atropurpureum WO05, F11
  Myrtastrum WO05
  Myrteola nummularia WO05, D03
  Myrtella WO05
  Neomitranthes WO05
  Neomyrtus Burret 1941 WO05, A61
    `--N. pendunculata (Hooker) Allan 1961 (see below for synonymy) A61
  Octamyrtus WO05
  Plinia WO05
  Siphoneugena WO05
  Stereocaryum WO05
  Feijoa sellowiana H93

Lophomyrtus obcordata (Raoul) Burret 1941 [=Eugenia obcordata Raoul 1844, Myrtus obcordata (Raoul) Hook. f. 1852] A61

Myrteae [Eugeniinae, Eugenioideae, Feijoinae, Myrciinae, Myrcioideae, Myrrhinieae, Myrrhiniinae, Pimentinae, Pimentoideae] WO05

Neomyrtus pendunculata (Hooker) Allan 1961 [=Myrtus pedunculata Hooker 1844; incl. Eugenia vitis-idaea Raoul 1844, M. vitis-idaea (Raoul) Druce 1917, Neomyrtus vitis-idaea (Raoul) Burret 1941] A61

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[C16] Cambage, R. H. 1916. Notes on the native flora of tropical Queensland. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 49 (3): 389–447, pls 57–61.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[DS86] Dixon, J. R., & P. Soini. 1986. The Reptiles of the Upper Amazon Basin, Iquitos Region, Peru. Milwaukee Public Museum: Milwaukee.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 1–34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[F11] Fraga, R. M. 2011. Family Icteridae (New World blackbirds). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 684–807. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[H01] Hempel, A. 1901. Descriptions of Brazilian Coccidae (continued). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 206–219.

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201–222.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[HM03] Holloway, J. D., & S. E. Miller. 2003. The composition, generic placement and host-plant relationships of the joviana-group in the Parallelia generic complex (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Catocalinae). Invertebrate Systematics 17: 111–128.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[OA02] Ochoa, J. A., & L. E. Acosta. 2002. Orobothriurus atiquipa, a new bothriurid species (Scorpiones) from Lomas in southern Peru. Journal of Arachnology 30: 98–103.

[P-GR14] Pérez-González, A., M. J. Ramírez, E. M. Soto & J. Pizarro-Araya. 2014. First harvestman record for the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile, with morphological notes on Acropsopilio chilensis (Opiliones: Caddidae: Acropsopilioninae). Zootaxa 3852 (3): 347–358.

[PL04] Pohl, G., & I. Lenski. 2004. Zur Verbreitung und Vergesellschaftung von Pennisetum orientale Rich. in Nordeuböa (Griechenland) (Poaceae, Paniceae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 209–223.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

[WO95] Walter, D. E., & D. J. O'Dowd. 1995. Beneath biodiversity: factors influencing the diversity and abundance of canopy mites. Selbyana 16 (1): 12–20.

[WO05] Wilson, P. G., M. M. O'Brien, M. M. Heslewood & C. J. Quinn. 2005. Relationships within Myrtaceae sensu lato based on a matK phylogeny. Plant Systematics and Evolution 251: 3–19.

Last updated: 26 January 2022.

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