Myrteae

Guava Psidium guajava, from here.


Belongs within: Myrtaceae.
Contains: Eugenia.

The Myrteae is a clade within the family Myrtaceae containing taxa with fleshy fruits and radiating ovules. Many species, such as the guavas of the genus Psidium and the strawberry myrtle Ugni molinae, are grown for their fruit. The true myrtle Myrtus communis is not known as a source of fruit, but is grown for its aromatic flowers.

Characters (from Wilson et al. 2005): Trees, sometimes shrubs; hairs simple occasionally T-shaped. Leaves opposite. Inflorescences axillary, sometimes paniculate; perianth free or calyx calyptrate; stamens free, numerous; anthers versatile, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary inferior, mostly bi- or trilocular; placentas axile, ovules radiating, sometimes pendulous; vascular supply to ovary trans-septal. Fruit indehiscent, fleshy; seeds usually numerous; embryo variable, cotyledons small to leafy or thick.

<==Myrteae (see below for synonymy) WO05
    |--+--Uromyrtus australis WO05
    |  |--Decaspermum WO05
    |  |    |--D. fruticosum [incl. Myrtus vitiensis, Nelitris vitiensis] HM03
    |  |    `--D. humile WO05
    |  `--+--+--Rhodomyrtus macrocarpa WO05
    |     |  |--Archirhodomyrtus beckleri WO05
    |     |  `--Pilidiostigma papuanum WO05
    |     `--+--Rhodomyrtus tomentosa WO05
    |        `--Rhodamnia WO05
    |             |--R. argentea WO05
    |             `--R. cinerea P88
    `--+--Myrtus WO05
       |    |--M. bullata A27
       |    |--M. communis Linnaeus 1753 PL04
       |    |--M. obcordata T27
       |    |--M. pedunculata T27
       |    `--M. ralphii A27
       `--+--Myrciaria WO05
          |    |--M. paraensis DS86
          |    `--M. vexator WO05
          |--+--Eugenia WO05
          |  `--Hexachlamys edulis WO05
          |--+--Blepharocalyx tweediei WO05
          |  `--Luma apiculata WO05
          |--+--Acca sellowiana WO05
          |  `--Lenwebbia prominens WO05
          |--+--Campomanesia guazumifolia WO05
          |  |--Pimenta racemosa WO05
          |  `--Ugni molinae WO05
          |--Calyptranthes WO05
          |    |--C. densifolia J87
          |    |--C. hotteana J87
          |    |--C. nummularia J87
          |    |--C. pallens WO05
          |    |--C. pitoniana J87
          |    |--C. sintenisii J87
          |    `--C. ternifolia J87
          `--Psidium WO05
               |--P. cattleianum H06
               |--P. × durbanensis H06
               |--P. guajava H06
               |--P. guineense H06
               |--P. longipes WO05
               |--P. pomiferum C55
               `--P. pyriferum C55

Myrteae incertae sedis:
  Accara WO05
  Amomyrtella WO05
  Amomyrtus WO05
  Austromyrtus WO05
  Calycolpus WO05
  Calycorectes WO05
  Chamguava WO05
  Gomidesia lindeniana WO05, J87
  Gossia WO05
  Legrandia WO05
  Lophomyrtus WO05
    |--L. bullata MM04
    `--L. obcordata WH02
  Marlierea WO05
  Meteoromyrtus WO05
  Mosiera WO05
  Myrceugenia WO05
  Myrcia WO05
    |--M. deflexa SWK87
    `--M. tiburoniana J87
  Myrcianthes ferreyrae WO05, OA02
  Myrrhinium WO05
  Myrtastrum WO05
  Myrteola nummularia WO05, D03
  Myrtella WO05
  Neomitranthes WO05
  Neomyrtus pendunculata WO05, MM04
  Octamyrtus WO05
  Plinia WO05
  Siphoneugena WO05
  Stereocaryum WO05

Myrteae [Eugeniinae, Eugenioideae, Feijoinae, Myrciinae, Myrcioideae, Myrrhinieae, Myrrhiniinae, Pimentinae, Pimentoideae] WO05

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A27] Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 905-977.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[DS86] Dixon, J. R., & P. Soini. 1986. The Reptiles of the Upper Amazon Basin, Iquitos Region, Peru. Milwaukee Public Museum: Milwaukee.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899, vol. 8 – Botany (W. B. Scott, ed.) pp. 1-34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201-222.

[HM03] Holloway, J. D., & S. E. Miller. 2003. The composition, generic placement and host-plant relationships of the joviana-group in the Parallelia generic complex (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Catocalinae). Invertebrate Systematics 17: 111-128.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[MM04] Martin, N. A., & L. A. Mound. 2004. Host plants for some New Zealand thrips (Thysanoptera: Terebrantia). New Zealand Entomologist 27: 119-123.

[OA02] Ochoa, J. A., & L. E. Acosta. 2002. Orobothriurus atiquipa, a new bothriurid species (Scorpiones) from Lomas in southern Peru. Journal of Arachnology 30: 98-103.

[PL04] Pohl, G., & I. Lenski. 2004. Zur Verbreitung und Vergesellschaftung von Pennisetum orientale Rich. in Nordeuböa (Griechenland) (Poaceae, Paniceae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 209-223.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

[T27] Thomson, G. M. 1927. The pollination of New Zealand flowers by birds and insects. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 106-125.

[WO05] Wilson, P. G., M. M. O'Brien, M. M. Heslewood & C. J. Quinn. 2005. Relationships within Myrtaceae sensu lato based on a matK phylogeny. Plant Systematics and Evolution 251: 3-19.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

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