Stygohydracarus subterraneus, from here.

Belongs within: Neohydrachnidia.

The Athienemanniidae are a family of freshwater mites including species found in streams and interstitial and hyporheic habitats. Larvae of the Athienemanniinae are parasites of chironomid flies. They are divided between four subfamilies with the cosmopolitan Athienemanniinae including the majority of species (Walter et al. 2009).

See also: The Mites of Springs.

Characters (from Walter et al. 2009): Dorsal and ventral shields present; palpu uncate with palptibia rotated approximately 90° relative to genu; capitulum with anterior end pointed in lateral view but wide in dorsal view and bearing a pair of long subterminal setae.

    |--Stygameracarus [Stygameracarinae] WL09
    |--Africasia Viets 1931 S86 [Africasiinae WL09]
    |    `--A. subterranea Cook 1967 S86
    |--Notomundamellinae WL09
    |    |--Davecookia WL09
    |    |--Notomundamella Cook 1986 H98
    |    |    `--N. harveyi Cook 1986 H98
    |    `--Mellamunda Harvey 1988 WL09, H98
    |         `--M. acares Harvey 1988 H98
    `--Athienemanniinae WL09
         |--Platyhydracarus juliani WL09
         |--Chelohydracarus WL09
         |--Mundamella germanica Viets 1913 WL09, GS91
         |--Penemundamella WL09
         |--Bleptomundamella WL09
         |--Anamundamella zelandica WL09
         |--Phreatohydracarus Tanasachi & Orghidan 1955 S86
         |    `--P. mosticus Tanasachi & Orghidan 1955 S86
         |--Stygohydracarus Viets 1932 S86
         |    |--S. subterraneus Walter 1947 S86
         |    `--S. troglobius Viets 1932 S86
         `--Chelomideopsis Romijn 1920 S86
              |--C. annemiae WL09
              |--C. besselingi WL09
              `--C. schermeri S86
                   |--C. s. schermeri S86
                   `--C. s. japonensis Imamura 1983 S86

*Type species of generic name indicated


[GS91] Gerecke, R., & J. Schwoerbel. 1991. Water quality and water mites (Acari, Actinedida) in the Upper Danube region, 1959-1984. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 483–491. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[S86] Schwoerbel, J. 1986. Acari: “Hydrachnellae”. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 652–696. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

Last updated: 4 July 2022.

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