Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus)

Phthiracarus boresetosus, copyright R. Penttinen.


Belongs within: Phthiracaridae.

The type subgenus of the genus Phthiracarus is a cosmopolitan group of box mites (Subías 2004). The effective type species, P. laevigatus, is a particularly large species found in moss and leaf-litter in broadleaf forests.

Characters (from Balogh & Balogh 1992): Body surface not strongly sculptured. Interlamellar setae long and smooth; the majority of notogastral setae of the same type. Ano-adanal plates with three pairs of setae (an1an3) and two pairs of alveoli (ad1ad2).

<==Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) (see below for synonymy) S04
    |--P. (P.) laevigatus (Koch 1841) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--P. (P.) abstemius Niedbała 1989 S04
    |--P. (P.) affinis (Hull 1914) [=Hoploderma affine] S04
    |--P. (P.) banksi Niedbała 1987 S04
    |--P. (P.) benoiti Balogh 1958 (n. d.) S04
    |--P. (P.) boresetosus Jacot 1930 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ calyx CF77
    |--P. (P.) capitatus (Hall 1911) (n. d.) [=Hoploderma capitatum] S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ clavatus CF77
    |--P. (P.) clavifer Mahunka 1988 S04
    |--P. (P.) ‘claviger’ (Pearce 1906) (n. d.) [=Hoploderma clavigerum non Berlese 1904] S04
    |--P. (P.) clemens Aoki 1963 [incl. P. clemens kyushuensis Aoki 1980] S04
    |--P. (P.) commutabilis Niedbała 1983 S04
    |--P. (P.) compressus Jacot 1930 [incl. P. pallidus Feider & Suciu 1958] S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ coronatus CF77
    |--P. (P.) crenophilus Willmann 1951 S04
    |--P. (P.) crinitus (Koch 1841) [=Hoplophora crinita] S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ cuneatus CF77
    |--P. (P.) danubianus Feider & Calugar 1970 S04
    |--P. (P.) dasypus (Dugès 1834) (n. d.) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--‘Caligonus’ deserticola SS55
    |--P. (P.) dubinini Feider & Suciu 1958 S04
    |--P. (P.) extraordinarius (Niedbała 2000) [=Notophthiracarus extraordinarius] S04
    |--P. (P.) ferrugineus (Koch 1841) (see below for synonymy) S04
    |--P. (P.) furcatus (Kramer 1898) (n. d.) [=Hoplophora furcata] S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ glaber Donnadieu 1876 CF77
    |--‘Hoploderma’ globosum S22
    |--P. (P.) heterotrichosus (Niedbała 2000) [=Hoplophthiracarus heterotrichosus] S04
    |--P. (P.) incertus Niedbała 1983 [incl. P. conformis Sergienko 1987] S04
    |--P. (P.) incredibilis Niedbała 1983 S04
    |--P. (P.) inexpectatus Niedbała 1983 S04
    |--P. (P.) insularis Jacot 1934 S04
    |--P. (P.) irreprehensus Niedbała 1988 S04
    |--P. (P.) italicus (Oudemans 1900) [=Hoploderma italicum] S04
    |--P. (P.) jacoti Feider & Suciu 1958 S04
    |--P. (P.) japonicus Aoki 1958 S04
    |--P. (P.) koumantanosi Niedbała 1983 S04
    |--P. (P.) lautus Niedbała 1981 S04
    |--P. (P.) lentulus (Koch 1841) (see below for synonymy) S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ lineola [=Tetranychus lineola] CF77
    |--P. (P.) longulus (Koch 1841) (see below for synonymy) S04
    |--P. (P.) machadoi Balogh 1958 (n. d.) S04
    |--P. (P.) malagensis Niedbała 1986 S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ marginatus CF77
    |--P. (P.) membranifer Parry 1979 S04
    |--P. (P.) nitens (Nicolet 1855) [=Hoplophora nitens; incl. P. roubali Berlese 1923] S04
    |--P. (P.) perlucidus Niedbała 1994 S04
    |--P. (P.) perparvus (Niedbała 1989) [=Notophthiracarus perparvus] S04
    |--P. (P.) persimplex Mahunka 1982 S04
    |--‘Caligonus’ petrobius SS55
    |--P. (P.) piger (Scopoli 1763) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--P. (P.) planus (Mahunka 1985) [=Besuchetacarus planus] S04
    |--P. (P.) probus Niedbała & Colloff 1977 S04
    |--P. (P.) propinquus Niedbała 1983 S04
    |--P. (P.) pudicus Berlese 1923 S04
    |--P. (P.) pusillus Niedbała 2001 S04
    |--P. (P.) rapax (Berlese 1916) [=Hoploderma rapax] S04
    |--P. (P.) reductus Niedbała 1998 S04
    |--P. (P.) retalticus Stoll 1893 (n. d.) S04
    |--P. (P.) sarahae Jacot 1930 S04
    |--P. (P.) serrulatus Parry 1979 S04
    |--P. (P.) setanus Jacot 1939 S04
    |--P. (P.) spadix Niedbała 1983 S04
    |--P. (P.) stenotus Niedbała 2002 S04
    |--‘Hoploderma’ striculum S22
    |--P. (P.) swiftae Niedbała 1998 S04
    |--P. (P.) testudineus (Koch 1841) [=Hoplophora testudinea] S04
    |--P. (P.) tristis Mahunka & Paoletti 1984 S04
    |--P. (P.) turgidus (Niedbała 1991) [=Notophthiracarus turgidus] S04
    |--P. (P.) validus Niedbała 1986 S04, N07
    `--P. (P.) zicmani Balogh & Mahunka 1983 [incl. P. feideri Balogh & Mahunka 1979 non Balogh & Csiszár 1963] S04

Phthiracarus Perty 1841 (Phthiracarus) [incl. Caligonus Koch 1838 SS55, Ginglymacarus Ewing 1917, Hoploderma Michael 1898, Hoplophora Koch 1836 non Germar 1833, Peridromotritia Jacot 1923] S04

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) boresetosus Jacot 1930 [incl. P. dudichi Mahunka 1982, P. kaszabi Mahunka 1981, P. minimarginatus Woolley 1954, P. tenuis Hammer 1977] S04

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) dasypus (Dugès 1834) (n. d.) S04 [=Oribata dasypus S04, *Ginglymacarus dasypus CH98, Hoploderma dasypus S22, Hoplophora dasypus CF77]

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) ferrugineus (Koch 1841) [=Hoplophora ferruginea; incl. P. juvenalis Parry 1979, P. paraligneus Iturrondobeitia & Saloña 1989] S04

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) laevigatus (Koch 1841) S04 [=*Hoplophora laevigata CH98, *Hoploderma laevigatum CH98; incl. *P. contractilis Perty 1841 S04, Hoplophora contractilis G40]

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) lentulus (Koch 1841) [=Hoplophora lentula; incl. P. angolensis Mahunka 1985, P. rotundus Berlese 1923 nec Ewing 1908 nec P. magnus rotundus Oudemans 1915] S04

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) longulus (Koch 1841) [=Hoplophora longula; incl. P. apiculatus Jacot 1939, P. flexisetosus Parry 1979, P. hortobagyensis Mahunka 1982, P. montium Jacot 1937, P. mundus Niedbała 1983, P. prior Jacot 1933, P. setosellus Jacot 1929, P. tardus Forssluns 1943] S04

Phthiracarus (Phthiracarus) piger (Scopoli 1763) S04 [=Acarus piger S04, *Caligonus piger G44, CF77, Raphignathus piger G44; incl. Hoplophora lucida Koch 1841 S04]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[G40] Grandjean, F. 1940. Observations sur les oribates (15e série). Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 2e Série 12 (6): 332–339.

[G44] Grandjean, F. 1944. Observations sur les acariens de la famille des Stigmaeidae. Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, 5me Période 26: 103–131.

[N07] Niedbała, W. 2007. Ptyctimous mites (Acari, Oribatida) of the Nearctic region. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 197–202. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

[SS55] Summers, F. M., & E. I. Schlinger. 1955. Mites of the family Caligonellidae (Acarina). Hilgardia 23 (12): 539–561.

Last updated: 3 July 2017.

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