Epilohmanniidae

Ventral view of Epilohmannia sp., copyright Nora Berg.


Belongs within: Holonota.

The Epilohmanniidae are a group of moderately elongated, brown-coloured oribatid mites found in a variety of soil types (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009).

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Body small to large (320–800 µm); dichoid, with unusually broad sejugal articulation; somewhat cylindrical, moderately elongated; proterosoma without noticeable posterior constriction. Colour yellowish to dark reddish brown, moderately sclerotised. Prodorsum stegasime, but rostrum sometimes strongly emarginated laterally; with two pairs of exobothridial setae. Bothridial seta filiform to clavate, never pectinate; bothridium with or without brachytracheae or porose pockets. Notogastral setae f1, f2 absent, represented only by inconspicuous alveoli. Opisthonotal gland present. Hysterosoma ventrally with much fusion: epimera III and IV fused medially and to each other but outlined by borders and apodemes; epimere IV fused to hypertrophied aggenital plates, which themselves broadly fuse anterior to genital plates; adanal plates fuse anterior to anal plates. Aggenital and adanal region separated by transverse scissure or indistinguishably fused; ofen with 3 pairs of aggenital setae, or neotrichous; with 3 pairs each of anal and adanal setae. Subcapitulum stenarthric; mentum fused with coxisternum or not. Palpi with 2–3 free segments, with at least palptrochanter, femur, and genu fused (tibia may be distinct but not independently movable). Chelicerae robust, chelate-dentate, without Trägårdh's organ; rutella strongly developed, distally toothed. Leg pretarsi monodactylous. Tibia I solenidion flagellate; seta d ofgenua and tibiae not independent, absent or minute, inconspicuous, and coupled to solenidion.

<==Epilohmanniidae [Epilohmannioidea, Lesseriidae] S04
    |--Epilohmannoides Jacot 1936 [incl. Iburidania Aoki 1959] S04
    |    |--*E. terrae Jacot 1936 S04
    |    |--E. bipectinatus (Aoki 1959) [=Iburidania bipectinata; incl. E. kishidai Ohkubo 2002] S04
    |    |--E. esulcatus Ohkubo 1979 S04
    |    |--E. jacoti Norton, Metz & Sharma 1978 S04
    |    |--E. rabori (Corpuz-Raros 1979) [=Epilohmannia rabori] S04
    |    |--E. wallworki Hammer 1981 S04
    |    `--E. xena (Mahunka 1983) [=Epilohmannia xena] S04
    `--Epilohmannia Berlese 1910 (see below for synonymy) S04
         |--*E. cylindrica (Berlese 1904) (see below for synonymy) CH98
         |    |--E. c. cylindrica (see below for synonymy) S04
         |    |--E. c. media Lee 1985 S04
         |    `--E. c. minima Schuster 1960 S04
         |--E. amygdaliformis Berlese 1916 S04
         |--E. barbatula Balogh 1958 (n. d.) S04
         |--E. cultrata Woolley 1966 S04
         |--E. daghestanica Karppinen & Shtanchaeva 1987 S04
         |--E. dimorpha Wallwork 1962 S04
         |--E. dolosa Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1985 S04
         |--E. flagellifer Mahunka 1987 S04
         |--E. flexuosa Wallwork 1962 S04
         |--E. gigantea Berlese 1916 S04
         |--E. guarani Balogh & Mahunka 1977 S04
         |--E. heterotricha Mahunka 1966 S04
         |--E. imreorum Bayoumi & Mahunka 1976 S04
         |--E. inexpectata Schuster 1960 S04
         |--E. insignipes Balogh 1964 S04
         |--E. kulaginae Shtanchaeva 1993 S04
         |--E. lenkoi Balogh & Mahunka 1977 S04
         |--E. mahunkai Calugar & Vasiliu 1983 S04
         |--E. maurii Fernández 1978 S04
         |--E. minuta Berlese 1920 [incl. E. elongata Banks 1947] S04
         |--E. multisetosa Hammer 1971 S04
         |--E. neotricha Wallwork 1962 S04
         |--E. norberti Moreno & Moraza 1994 S04
         |--E. nortoni Mahunka 1977 S04
         |--E. ornata Mahunka 1993 S04
         |--E. ovalis Berlese 1916 S04
         |--E. ovata Aoki 1961 S04
         |--E. pallida Wallwork 1962 S04
         |    |--E. p. pallida S04
         |    |--E. p. aegyptica Bayoumi & Mahunka 1976 S04
         |    |--E. p. americana Balogh & Mahunka 1981 S04
         |    |--E. p. areolata Sarkar & Subías 1982 S04
         |    |--E. p. australica Lee 1985 S04
         |    |--E. p. indica Bhattacharya & Banerjee 1979 S04
         |    |--E. p. pacifica Aoki 1965 S04
         |    `--E. p. rugosa Sarkar & Subías 1982 S04
         |--E. pilosa Li & Chen 1990 S04
         |--E. praetritia Berlese 1916 S04
         |--E. puella Berlese 1916 [incl. E. nota McDaniel & Bolen 1983] S04
         |--E. schusteri Calugar & Vasiliu 1976 S04
         |--E. sculpturata Balogh & Mahunka 1980 S04
         |--E. shtanchaevae Bayartogtokh 2000 S04
         |--E. spathulata Aoki 1970 S04
         |--E. spathuloides Bayartogtokh 2000 S04
         |--E. styriaca Schuster 1960 S04
         |--*Lesseria’ szanistoi Oudemans 1917 CH98
         |--E. taeda (Bolen & McDaniel 1989) [=Neoepilohmannia taeda] S04
         |--E. taiwanica Tseng 1982 S04
         `--E. zwarti Hammen 1986 S04

Epilohmannia Berlese 1910 [incl. Lesseria Oudemans 1917, Neoepilohmannia Bolen & McDaniel 1989, Sinolohmannia Balogh & Mahunka 1979] S04

*Epilohmannia cylindrica (Berlese 1904) [=Lohomannia (l. c.) cylindrica, Lohmannia cylindrica; incl. *Lesseria szanistoi Oudemans 1917] CH98

*Epilohmannia cylindrica cylindrica (Berlese 1904) [incl. Phthiracarus szanisloi Oudemans 1915, E. verrucosa Jacot 1934] S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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