Systellommatophora

Warty slug Onchidium verruculatum, copyright Cory Pittman.


Belongs within: Pulmonata.

The Systellommatophora are a group of slug-like gastropods, including the marine Onchidiidae and the terrestrial Veronicelloidea. Members of this group have two pairs of contractile tentacles on the head, with the eyes at the tip of the upper pair, and have the anus and renal opening at the posterior end of the body (Burch & Pearce 1990).

<==Systellommatophora [Digonophora, Ditremata, Gymnomorpha, Teletremata]
    |--Onchidiidae (see below for synonymy) BR05
    |    |--Peronia Fleming 1822 [Peroniadae, Peroniidae] BR05
    |    |--Scaphis Labbé 1934 [Scaphidae] BR05
    |    |--Hoffmannola Strand 1932 [Hoffmannolidae, Hoffmannoloidea] BR05
    |    |--Peronina Plate 1893 [Peroninidae] BR05
    |    |--Platevindex Baker 1938 [Platevindecidae] BR05
    |    |--Quoyella Starobogatov 1976 [Quoyellidae] BR05
    |    |--Onchidina Semper 1882 [Onchidinidae] BR05
    |    |    `--O. australis Semper 1882 H09
    |    |--Arctonchis Dall 1905 O27
    |    |    `--*A. borealis (Dall 1871) [=Onchidella borealis] O27
    |    |--Onchidella Gray 1850 [=Oncidiella Crosse & Fischer 1878; Onchidellidae, Onchidelloidea, Oncidiellidae] BR05
    |    |    |--O. celtica C60
    |    |    `--O. nigricans HS01
    |    `--Onchidium Buchanan 1800 [=Oncidium (l. c.); Onchidiinae] BR05
    |         |--O. buetschlii Stantchinsky 1907 H09
    |         |--O. coriaceum Semper 1882 H09
    |         |--O. fungiforme Stantchinsky 1907 H09
    |         |--O. meriakrii Stantchinsky 1907 H09
    |         |--O. pallidipes Tapparone Canefri 1889 [=Oncidium pallidipes] TC89
    |         |--O. pallipes TC89
    |         |--O. punctatum Quoy & Gaimard 1832 H09
    |         |--O. tigrinum TC89
    |         |--O. tumidum Semper 1880 H09
    |         `--O. verruculatum Cuvier 1804 H09
    `--Veronicelloidea [Soleolifera, Veronicellacea] BR05
         |--Rathouisiidae [Rathouisiadae] SS10
         |    |--Rathouisia Heude 1884 BR05
         |    |--Prisma Simroth 1891 SS10
         |    |    `--P. prismatica (Tapparone-Canefri 1883) SS10
         |    `--Atopos Simroth 1891 SS10
         |         |--*a. semperi Simroth 1891 SS10
         |         `--A. australis (Heynemann 1876) SS10
         `--Veronicellidae [Imeriniinae, Sarasinulinae, Veronicellida] BR05
              |--Imerinia Cockerell 1891 BR05
              |--Veronicella Blainville 1817 [Veronicellinae] BR05
              |--Vaginulus Férussac 1821 [Anadenia, Euadenia, Mesotremata, Vaginulacea, Vaginulidae, Vaginulinae] BR05
              |--Semperula Grimpe & Hoffmann 1925 [Semperulinae] BR05
              |--Pseudoveronicella Germain 1908 [Pseudoveronicellinae] BR05
              |--Sarasinula Grimpe & Hoffmann 1924 BR05
              |    `--*S. plebeia (Fischer 1868) [=Vaginulus plebeius; incl. Vaginula hedleyi Simroth 1889] SS10
              |--Leonardia Tapparone Canefri 1889 TC89
              |    `--*L. nevilliana Tapparone Canefri 1889 TC89
              |--Angustipes Colosi 1922 BP90
              |    `--A. ameghini BP90
              |--Diplosolenodes Thomé 1975 BP90
              |    `--D. occidentale BP90
              |--Laevicaulis Simroth 1913 (see below for synonymy) SS10
              |    |--*L. comorensis (Fischer 1883) [=Vaginula comorensis] SS10
              |    `--L. alte (Férussac 1821) [incl. Vaginula leydigi Simroth 1889] SS10
              |--Vaginula TC89
              |    |--V. andersoniana Tapparone Canefri 1889 TC89
              |    |--V. birmanica Theobald 1864 TC89
              |    `--V. proxima Tapparone Canefri 1889 TC89
              `--Leidyula Baker 1925 BP90
                   |--L. floridana BP90
                   |--L. kraussi BP90
                   |--L. moreleti BP90
                   `--L. sloanei BP90

Laevicaulis Simroth 1913 [incl. Eleutherocaulis Simroth 1913, Meisenheimeria Grimpe & Hoffmann 1924; Meisenheimeriinae] SS10

Onchidiidae [Abranchiatae, Amphipneustea, Onchidia, Onchidiida, Onchodoridae, Oncidiacea, Oncidiadae, Opisthotremata] BR05

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BP90] Burch, J. B., & T. A. Pearce. 1990. Terrestrial Gastropoda. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 201–309. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[C60] Cox, L. R. 1960. Gastropoda: general characteristics of Gastropoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I84–I169. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II, pt I. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[SS10] Stanisic, J., M. Shea, D. Potter & O. Griffiths. 2010. Australian Land Snails vol. 1. A. field guide to eastern Australian species. Bioculture Press: Mauritius.

[TC89] Tapparone Canefri, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XVIII.—Molluschi terrestri e d’acqua dolce. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 295–359.

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