Typhlodromus

Female western predatory mites Typhlodromus occidentalis, photographed by E. Beers.


Belongs within: Phytoseioidea.

Typhlodromus is a genus of mites commonly predatory on other mite species. Some species, such as T. pyri and T. occidentalis, are commonly encouraged as biological control agents. Typhlodromus pyri has been used in the control of the European red mite Panonychus ulmi, with its usefulness in this role accentuated by the selection of pesticide-resistent strains (James 2001).

Characters (from Krantz & Ainscough 1990): Dorsal setae not thicked and serrated; setae r3 inserted in lateral integument adjacent to dorsal shield; setae z3 present.

<==Typhlodromus
    |--T. andrei Z91
    |--T. athenas EP91
    |--T. brisbanensis W99
    |--T. caudiglanis WL01
    |--T. contiguus C-R02
    |--T. corticis Z91
    |--T. cotoneasteri Z91
    |--T. darjeelingensis Gu01
    |--T. divergentis Gu01
    |--T. doreenae J01
    |--T. dossei J01
    |--T. eleglidus WL01
    |--T. exhilaratus NPA01
    |--T. finlandicus KK91
    |--T. floridanus Gr01
    |--T. helenae J01
    |--T. intercalaris R-CT01
    |--T. kerkirae R-CT01
    |--T. longipilus Nesbitt 1951 Z91
    |--T. occidentalis Nesbitt 1951 Z91 [=Galendromus occidentalis J01, Metaseiulus occidentalis J01]
    |--T. pyri Scheuten 1857 Z91
    |--T. reticulatus KK91
    |--T. rhenanoides NPA01
    |--T. rhenanus KK91
    |--T. rickeri Gu01
    |--T. saevus P01
    |--T. serrulatus WL01
    |--T. soleiger Z91
    |--T. talbii Athias-Henriot 1960 Z91
    |--T. tiliae Z91
    |--T. tiliarum Oudemans 1929 Z91
    |--T. transvaalensis C-R02
    |--T. triporus Chant & Yoshida-Shaul 1982 Z91
    |--T. xianensis WL01
    |--T. xingchenensis WL01
    |--T. xinjianensis WL01
    `--T. zhangensis WL01

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C-R02] Corpuz-Raros, L. A. 2002. Philippine acarine biological control agents: Status, bioecology and research prospects. Philippine Agricultural Scientist 85 (2): 137-154.

[EP91] Emmanouel, N. G., & H. Panou. 1991. A study on mites associated with bark and twigs of various trees in Attica (Greece). In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 523-532. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[Gr01] Grout, T. G. 2001. Advances in understanding the ecology of Euseius (Mesostigmata: Phytoseiidae) species on citrus in southern Africa. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 464-469. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[Gu01] Gupta, S. K. 2001. A conspectus of natural enemies of phytophagous mites and mites as potential biocontrol agents of agricultural pests in India. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 484-497. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[J01] James, D. G. 2001. History and perspectives of biological mite control in Australian horticulture using exotic and native phytoseiids. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 436-443. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[KK91] Kozlowski, J., & M. Kozlowska. 1991. Notes on Aculus schlechtendalei (Nal.) as food for predatory mites. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 675-678. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

Krantz, G. W., & B. D. Ainscough. 1990. Acarina: Mesostigmata (Gamasida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 583-665. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[NPA01] Nuzzaci, G., A. Di Palma & P. Aldini. 2001. Functional morphology and fine structure of the female genital system in Typhlodromus spp. (Acari: Phytoseiidae). In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 196-202. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[P01] Pringle, K. L. 2001. Biological control of tetranychid mites in South African apple orchards. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 429-435. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[R-CT01] Ragusa-di Chiara, S., & H. Tsolakis. 2001. Phytoseiid faunas of natural and agricultural ecosystems in Sicily. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 522-529. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[W99] Walter, D. E. 1999. Cryptic inhabitants of a noxious weed: mites (Arachnida: Acari) on Lantana camara L. invading forests in Queensland. Australian Journal of Entomology 38: 197-200.

[WL01] Wu, W.-N., & W.-M. Lan. 2001. The phytoseiid mites of major crops in China. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 530-532. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[Z91] Zacharda, M. 1991. Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten, 1857 (Acari: Phytoseiidae), a unique predator for biological control of phytophagous mites in Czechoslovakia. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 205-210. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

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