Aturidae

Ljania sp., from here.


Belongs within: Hygrobatoidea.
Contains: Austraturus, Albia, Notoaturinae, Kongsbergia, Aturus, Neoaturus, Axonopsis, Axonopsella.

The Aturidae are a diverse group of well-sclerotised, usually dorsoventrally flattened water mites, many of which show strong sexual dimorphism. Larvae, where known, are parasites of Chironomidae and Trichoptera; the Sumatran species Parasitalbia sumatrensis is unusual in being parasitic as an adult with females attacking larval Ephemeroptera (Walter et al. 2009).

Characters (from Walter et al. 2009): Adults with dorsal and ventral shields present. Larvae with cheliceral bases fused; coxal plates I separate from posterior coxal group on each side; one pair of urstigmata borne distally between coxal plates I and II; legs with five movable segments; leg tarsi bearing paired claws.

Aturidae
    |--Albiinae WL09
    |    |--Parasitalbia sumatrensis WL09
    |    `--Albia RFF05
    |--+--Notoaturinae WL09
    |  `--Aturinae WL09
    |       |--Kongsbergia WL09
    |       |--Aturus WL09
    |       |--Neoaturus WL09
    |       |--Subaturus WL09
    |       |--Subalbia WL09
    |       |--Aturides Lundblad 1937 RFF05
    |       |    `--A. dentatus (Lundblad 1936) RFF05
    |       |--Phreatobrachypoda Cook 1963 S86
    |       |    |--P. acuta Habeeb 1975 S86
    |       |    |--P. multipora Cook 1963 S86
    |       |    |--P. oregonensis WL09
    |       |    `--P. robusta Cook 1974 S86
    |       `--Bharatalbia Cook 1967 S86
    |            |  i. s.: B. cooki WL09
    |            |--B. (Bharatalbiella Cook 1967) S86
    |            |    `--B. (B.) talinapalpis Cook 1967 S86
    |            `--B. (Japonalbia Imamura 1977) S86
    |                 |--B. (J.) ibarakiensis Imamura 1977 S86
    |                 |--B. (J.) longipalpis Imamura 1984 S86
    |                 |--B. (J.) ohittaensis Imamura 1984 S86
    |                 |--B. (J.) rotunda Imamura 1984 S86
    |                 `--B. (J.) tsugaruensis Imamura 1984 S86
    `--Axonopsinae WL09
         |--Axonopsis WL09
         |--Axonopsella WL09
         |--Miraxona WL09
         |--Brachypoda versicolor (Müller 1776) WL09, PH91
         |--Woolastookia pilositarsa WL09
         |--Estellacarus unguitarsus WL09
         |--Neobrachypoda eckmani WL09
         |--Javalbia Viets 1935 S86
         |    |--J. (Javalbia) antama Cook 1967 S86
         |    `--J. eremita GS96
         |--Adelaxonopsella Cook 1974 S86
         |    `--A. pallida Cook 1974 S86
         |--Uenaxonopsis Imamura 1961 S86
         |    `--U. nazensis Imamura 1961 S86
         |--Stokaxonopsis Cook 1967 S86
         |    `--S. besselingi Cook 1967 [=Axonopsis (Stokaxonopsis) besselingi] S86
         |--Khedacarus Cook 1967 S86
         |    `--K. platypes Cook 1967 S86
         |--Neoaxonopsis Lundblad 1938 RFF05
         |    `--N. odontogaster Lundblad 1938 RFF05
         |--Barbaxonella Lundblad 1954 S86
         |    |--B. angulata (Viets 1955) [=Axonopsalbia (Hexaxonopsalbia) angulata] S86
         |    |--B. iberica Cook 1974 S86
         |    `--B. reverendissima GS96
         |--Neoaxonopsella Orghidan & Gruia 1981 S86
         |    |--N. caripense Orghidan & Gruia 1981 S86
         |    `--N. kurtovietsi Orghidan & Gruia 1981 S86
         |--Stygalbiella Cook 1974 RFF05
         |    |--S. affinis Cook 1974 S86
         |    |--S. arizonica Cook 1974 S86
         |    `--S. tucumanensis Cook 1980 RFF05
         |--Miraxonides Lundblad 1938 RFF05
         |    |--M. (Miraxonides) alatus Lundblad 1938 RFF05
         |    `--M. (Miraxonidella Cook 1980) RFF05
         |         `--M. (M.) karlvietsi Cook 1980 RFF05
         |--Polyaxonopsella Lundblad 1943 RFF05
         |    |--P. bordoni (Orghidan & Gruia 1981) RFF05 [=Axonopsella (Polyaxonopsella) bordoni S86]
         |    |--P. dentifera Lundblad 1943 RFF05
         |    `--P. polypora Lundblad 1953 RFF05
         |--Erebaxonopsis Motas & Tanasachi 1947 S86
         |    |--E. amamiensis Imamura 1961 S86
         |    |--E. brevipes Motas & Tanasachi 1947 S86
         |    |--E. morimotoi (Imamura 1958) [=Axonopsis morimotoi] S86
         |    `--E. nearctica Cook 1974 S86
         |--Neoalbia Lundblad 1936 RFF05
         |    |--N. (Neoalbia) violacea Lundblad 1936 RFF05
         |    `--N. (Neoalbiella Viets 1954) RFF05
         |         |--N. (N.) bidentata Viets 1959 RFF05
         |         `--N. (N.) octopora Viets 1954 RFF05
         |--Ljania Thor 1898 S86
         |    |--L. bipapillata Thor 1898 GS91
         |    |--L. japonica Imamura 1956 S86
         |    `--L. macilenta S86
         |         |--L. m. macilenta S86
         |         `--L. m. longissima Schwoerbel 1962 S86
         |--Neoaxona Lundblad 1936 RFF05
         |    |  i. s.: N. aculeata Besseling 1949 RFF05
         |    |         N. plaumanni Lundblad 1937 RFF05
         |    |--N. (Neoaxona) oblonga Lundblad 1936 RFF05
         |    `--N. (Lamellaxona Lundblad 1937) RFF05
         |         `--N. (L.) abnormipes Lundblad 1937 RFF05
         |--Submiraxona Lundblad 1937 RFF05
         |    |--S. (Submiraxona) RFF05
         |    |    |--S. (S.) crassipes Lundblad 1937 RFF05
         |    |    `--S. (S.) rutae Lundblad 1937 RFF05
         |    `--S. (Pentalbia Lundblad 1937) RFF05
         |         `--S. (P.) walteri (Lundblad 1937) RFF05
         `--Albaxona Szalay 1944 S86
              |  i. s.: A. gracilis Schwoerbel 1962 S86
              |         A. japonica Imamura 1970 S86
              |         A. minuta Szalay 1944 S86
              |         A. stoka Cook 1967 S86
              `--A. (Vietsaxona Motas & Tanasachi 1948) S86
                   |--A. (V.) elegans Walter 1947 S86
                   |--A. (V.) lundbladi Motas & Tanasachi 1948 S86
                   `--A. (V.) nearctica Cook 1974 S86

Aturidae incertae sedis:
  Japonaxonopsis Imamura 1984 [Japonaxonopsinae] S86
    `--J. nozakiensis Imamura 1984 S86
  Zelandopsis Imamura 1977 [Zelandopsinae] S86
    |--Z. aturoides Schwoerbel 1984 S86
    `--Z. morimotoi Imamura 1977 S86
  Cabellaturus Cook 1986 H98
    `--C. triangularis Cook 1986 H98
  Austraturus H98
  Barwontius Viets 1978 H98
    |--B. altipalpis Cook 1986 H98
    |--B. inflatipalpis Viets 1978 H98
    |--B. lunoka Cook 1986 H98
    |--B. monolus Cook 1986 H98
    |--B. recurvus Cook 1986 H98
    |--B. retavus Cook 1986 H98
    |--B. simplex Cook 1986 H98
    `--B. treetus Cook 1986 H98
  Melenaturus Cook 1986 H98
    `--M. concavus Cook 1986 H98
  Twarntaturus Cook 1986 H98
    |--T. alphus Cook 1986 H98
    |--T. australicus Cook 1986 H98
    |--T. cetonus Cook 1986 H98
    |--T. conroyi Cook 1986 H98
    `--T. zurus Cook 1986 H98
  Azugaturus Cook 1986 H98
    `--A. distinctus Cook 1986 H98
  Spinaturus Cook 1986 H98
    |--S. bleptus Cook 1986 H98
    `--S. ctenophorus Cook 1986 H98
  Tasmanaxona Cook 1986 H98
    `--T. kurtvietsi Cook 1986 H98
  Whenyella Cook 1986 H98
    `--W. smithi Cook 1986 H98
  Whenyoides Harvey 1990 H98
    `--W. cooki Harvey 1990 H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[GS96] Gerecke, R., & A. Di Sabatino. 1996. Historical zoogeography and evolution of habitat preference in water mites (Hydracarina) of the central Mediterranean region. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 523–527. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[GS91] Gerecke, R., & J. Schwoerbel. 1991. Water quality and water mites (Acari, Actinedida) in the Upper Danube region, 1959-1984. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 483–491. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[PH91] Punčochár, P., & J. Hrbáček. 1991. Water mites in the plankton of Hubenov Reservoir and their relations to fish stock composition. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 449–457. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[RFF05] Rosso de Ferradás, B., & H. R. Fernández. 2005. Elenco y biogeografía de los ácaros acuáticos (Acari, Parasitengona, Hydrachnidia) de Sudamérica. Graellsia 61 (2): 181–224.

[S86] Schwoerbel, J. 1986. Acari: “Hydrachnellae”. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 652–696. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

Last updated: 16 February 2019.

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