Amblyseius

Amblyseius swirskii, copyright Stephen Luk.


Belongs within: Phytoseioidea.

Amblyseius is a diverse genus of predatory mites, many species of which are significant in biological control of agricultural pests. In particular, a number of species have been found in association with the broad mite Polyphagotarsonemus latus, such as Amblyseius asiaticus, A. largoensis and A. tamatavensis on potato plants (Corpuz-Raros 2002). Amblyseius swirskii has been used commercially for controlling thrips and whiteflies on vegetable crops.

Characters (from Krantz & Ainscough 1990): Dorsal setae J2 present; z3 absent.

<==Amblyseius Berlese 1914 FH93 [Amblyseiini]
    |--*A. obtusus (Koch 1839) S61 (see below for synonymy)
    |--A. aerialis (Muma 1955) [=Amblyseiopsis aerialis] FH93
    |--A. agrestis C91
    |--A. ainu WL01
    |--A. alpinus Schweizer 1922 (see below for synonymy) S61
    |--A. alstoniae G01
    |--A. americanus Garman 1948 [=A. (Amblyseiopsis) americanus] FH93
    |--A. andersoni (Chant 1957) [=Typhlodromus andersoni] FH93
    |--A. angeliquae Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. annae MM85
    |--A. anthurii Schicha 1993 H98
    |--A. anuwati WL01
    |--A. asiaticus WL01
    |--A. asperocervix McMurtry & Moraes 1985 MM85
    |--A. australograminis Wainstein 1977 H98
    |--A. banksiae McMurtry & Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. bay Schicha 1980 H98
    |--A. bayviewensis Schicha 1977 H98
    |--A. benjamini Schicha 1981 H98
    |--A. bibens CL91
    |--A. borealis Chant & Hansell 1971 FH93
    |--A. cabonus Schicha & Elshafie 1980 W99, H98 [=Proprioseiopsis cabonus H98]
    |--A. calorai C-R02
    |--A. cangaro Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. carverae Schich 1993 H98
    |--A. casimiri Schicha & Elshafie 1980 H98
    |--A. cessator De Leon 1962 [incl. A. opertus Zack 1969] FH93
    |--A. channabasavannai G01
    |--A. chilcotti Chant & Hansell 1971 FH93
    |--A. chilenensis P91
    |--A. chorites Schuster & Pritchard 1963 FH93
    |--A. christinae (Schicha 1981) [=Typhlodromus christinae; incl. A. brevisetosus Collyer 1982] H98
    |--A. cinctus WL01
    |--A. citrifolius SS01
    |--A. coccineae G01
    |--A. coccosocius SS01
    |--A. culmulus K07
    |--A. cupulus Denmark & Muma 1989 FH93
    |--A. curiosus (Chant & Baker 1965) [=Iphiseius curiosus; incl. A. arenus Muma 1965] FH93
    |--A. dahonagnas C-R02
    |--A. darwinensis Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. dieteri Schicha 1979 H98
    |--A. duncansoni Specht & Rasmy 1970 FH93
    |--A. eharai WL01
    |--A. endiandrae Schicha 1993 H98
    |--A. fletcheri Schicha 1981 H98
    |--A. fraterculus Berlese 1916 FH93
    |--A. grandiductus McMurttry & Moraes 1985 MM85
    |--A. guntheri McMurtry & Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. hainanensis WL01
    |--A. harrowi Collyer 1964 H98
    |--A. heidrunae McMurtry & Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. helmi Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. herbicolus (Chant 1959) FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |--A. hibisci P91
    |--A. hova MM85
    |--A. imbricatus WL01
    |--A. italicus RCi91
    |--A. japonicus MM85
    |--A. jugortus Athias-Henriot 1966 Koe91
    |--A. keni Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. lailae Schicha 1979 H98
    |--A. largoensis (Muma 1955) [=Amblyseiopsis largoensis, Typhlodromus largoensis] H98
    |--A. lenis Corpuz & Rimando 1966 [incl. A. sullivani Schicha & Elshafie 1980] H98
    |--A. lentiginosus Denmark & Schicha 1975 H98
    |--A. limonicus RCh91
    |--A. longulus Berlese 1910 S61
    |--A. loxtoni Schicha 1979 H98
    |--A. maai Tseng 1976 MM85
    |--A. makuwa WL01
    |--A. markwelli Schicha 1979 H98
    |--A. masseei Z91
    |--A. melaleucae McMurtry & Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. meridionalis Berlese 1914 [=A. obtusus var. meridionalis; incl. Typhlodromus calicis Karg 1966] FH93
    |--A. mesembrinus SS01
    |--A. montdorensis Schicha 1979 H98
    |--A. multidentatus (Chant 1959) [=Typhlodromus multidentatus] FH93
    |--A. multisetosus McMurtry & Moraes 1985 MM85
    |--A. munsteriensis MM85
    |--A. muraleedharani G01
    |--A. nambourensis Schicha 1981 H98
    |--A. neolentiginosus Schicha 1979 H98
    |--A. neomarkwelli Schicha 1980 H98
    |--A. newsami (Evans 1953) [=Typhlodromus (Amblyseius) newsami] MM85
    |--A. nicholsi CK01
    |--A. nicola Chant & Hansell 1971 FH93
    |--A. nonfraterculus Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. noosae McMurtry & Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. nova MM85
    |--A. oatmani Denmark 1974 FH93
    |--A. obtuserellus WL01
    |--A. oguroi WL01
    |--A. okinawanus Ehara 1967 MM85
    |--A. orientalis Ehara 1959 E62
    |--A. ornatus C91
    |--A. ovatus RRA07
    |--A. papuaensis McMurtry & Moraes 1985 MM85
    |--A. parapeltatus WL01
    |--A. parasundi MM85
    |--A. paucisetis Wainstein 1983 FH93
    |--A. paucisetosus McMurtry & Moraes 1985 MM85
    |--A. peltatus van der Merwe 1968 H98
    |--A. phillipsi McMurtry & Schicha 1984 H98
    |--A. potentillae (Garman 1958) [=Amblyseopsis potentillae] FH93
    |--A. pruni G01
    |--A. pseudolongispinosus WL01
    |--A. punctatus Muma in Muma, Metz & Farrier 1967 FH93
    |--A. rademacheri Z91
    |--A. readshawi Schicha 1987 H98
    |--A. reductus Z91
    |--A. reticulatus Oudemans 1930 H98
    |--A. rhododendronis G01
    |--A. rusticanus [=Amblyseiella rusticana] TKC07
    |--A. salebrosus WL01
    |--A. schusteri (Chant 1959) [=Typhlodromus (Amblyseius) schusteri] FH93
    |--A. sellnicki (Karg 1960) [=Typhlodromus sellnicki] FH93
    |--A. semirregularis C-R02
    |--A. setatus Berlese 1916 B16
    |--A. similis RCh91
    |--A. solus MM85
    |--A. stipulatus RCi91
    |--A. striatus WL01
    |--A. sturti Schicha 1980 H98
    |--A. subtilisetosus Z91
    |--A. sundi MM85
    |--A. swirskii SS01
    |--A. syzygii Gupta 1975 MM85
    |--A. taiwanicus L86
    |--A. tamatavensis Blommers 1974 H98
    |--A. tenuis Koh91
    |--A. tetranychivorus G01
    |--A. thwaitesi Schicha 1977 H98
    |--A. tibetasalicis WL01
    |--A. timagami Chant & Hansell 1971 FH93
    |--A. tsugawai WL01
    |--A. umbraticus R-CT01
    |--A. utriculus Karg 1989 FH93
    |--A. vanderlindei Van der Merwe 1965 [incl. A. tareensis Schicha 1983] H98
    |--A. vignus G01
    |--A. volcanus Prasad 1968 FH93
    |--A. waltersi Schicha 1981 H98
    |--A. wearnei Schicha 1987 H98
    `--A. williamsi Schicha 1983 H98

Amblyseius alpinus Schweizer 1922 [=Amblyseius obtusus var. alpinus, Amblygamasus alpinus; incl. Amblyseius alpinus var. murteri Schweizer 1961] S61

Amblyseius herbicolus (Chant 1959) FH93 [=Typhlodromus (Amblyseius) herbicolus FH93; incl. A. amitae Bhattacharyya 1968 FH93, A. deleoni Muma & Denmark 1970 H98, A. impactus Chandhri 1968 FH93]

*Amblyseius obtusus (Koch 1839) S61 [=Zercon obtusus S61, Gamasus obtusus CF77; incl. Amblyseius perlongisetus affatisetus Wainstein 1960 FH93, Zercon furcatus CF77, A. microsetae Muma 1961 FH93, Z. mucronatus CF77, A. rhabdus Denmark 1965 FH93, A. obtusus var. tuscus S22]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B16] Berlese, A. 1916. Centuria terza di Acari nuovi. Redia 12: 289–338.

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[CL91] Castagnoli, M., & M. Liguori. 1991. Laboratory observations on duration of copulation and egg production of three phytoseiid species fed on pollen. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 231–239. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CK01] Charanasri, V., & M. Kongchuensin. 2001. Species and population densities of mites on jujube. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 419–422. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[C91] Çobanoglu, S. 1991. The distribution of phytoseiid species (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in important apple growing areas of Turkey. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 565–570. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[C-R02] Corpuz-Raros, L. A. 2002. Philippine acarine biological control agents: status, bioecology and research prospects. Philippine Agricultural Scientist 85 (2): 137–154.

[E62] Ehara, S. 1962. Mites of greenhouse plants in Hokkaido, with a new species of Cheyletidae. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses 35 (2): 106–111.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[G01] Gupta, S. K. 2001. A conspectus of natural enemies of phytophagous mites and mites as potential biocontrol agents of agricultural pests in India. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 484–497. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[K07] Knapp, M. 2007. Important mite crop pests in Africa. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 267–277. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[Koe91] Koehler, H. H. 1991. A five year study on the secondary succession of Gamasina on a ruderal site: the influence of recultivation. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 373–383. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[Koh91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199–204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[L86] Lindquist, E. E. 1986. The world genera of Tarsonemidae (Acari: Heterostigmata): a morphological, phylogenetic, and systematic revision, with a reclassification of family-group taxa in the Heterostigmata. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 118 (S136): 1–517.

[MM85] McMurtry, J. A., & G. J. de Moraes. 1985. Some phytoseiid mites (Acari) of Papua New Guinea, with descriptions of six new species. International Journal of Acarology 11 (2): 75–88.

[P91] Petrushov, A. Z. 1991. Selection and mechanisms of ambush resistance in Metaseiulus occidentalis N. (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 741–748. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[RCh91] Ragusa Di Chiara, S. 1991. Using native phytoseiids in agricultural cropping systems. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 159–166. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[RCi91] Ragusa, S., & A. M. Ciulla. 1991. Phytoseiid mites associated with vines in Sicilian vineyards. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 417–423. Chapman & Hall: London.

[R-CT01] Ragusa-di Chiara, S., & H. Tsolakis. 2001. Phytoseiid faunas of natural and agricultural ecosystems in Sicily. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 522–529. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[RRA07] Ramos, M., H. Rodríguez & L. Almaguel. 2007. Predatory mites associated with Steneotarsonemus spinki (Acari: Tarsonemidae) on rice in Cuba. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 463–469. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[SS01] Saha, K., A. K. Somchoudhury, P. K. Sarkar & S. K. Gupta. 2001. Effect of temperature on the rate of development, fecundity, longevity, sex ratio and mortality of Amblyseius coccosocius Ghai and Menon (Acari: Phytoseiidae), an important biocontrol agent against tea red spider mite in India. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 470–472. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[TKC07] Tixier, M.-S., S. Kreiter & B. Cheval. 2007. Vineyard colonisation by predaceous mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) living in surrounding vegetation. A three year study in the south of France. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 475–487. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[W99] Walter, D. E. 1999. Review of Australian Asperoseius Chant, Euseius Wainstein, Okiseius Ehara and Phytoscutus Muma (Acari: Mesostigmata: Phytoseiidae) with a key to the genera of Australian Amblyseiinae and descriptions of two new species. Australian Journal of Entomology 38: 85–95.

[WL01] Wu, W.-N., & W.-M. Lan. 2001. The phytoseiid mites of major crops in China. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 530–532. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[Z91] Zacharda, M. 1991. Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten, 1857 (Acari: Phytoseiidae), a unique predator for biological control of phytophagous mites in Czechoslovakia. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 205–210. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

Last updated: 24 April 2018.

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