Tenuipalpidae

False-colour SEM of flat mite Brevipalpus phoenicis, from the United States Department of Agriculture.


Belongs within: Tetranychoidea.

The Tenuipalpidae, false spider mites, are a group of slow-moving phytophagous mites characterised by reduction of the palp and loss of the thumb-claw complex. Some species are economically significant pests. They are most diverse in tropical and subtropical regions, though some tropical species have become more widespread in greenhouses (Walter et al. 2009).

Characters (from Walter et al. 2009): Cheliceral bases fused into movable stylophore, attached to idiosoma by retractable ribbed collar; movable cheliceral digits elongated, whip-like, recurved basally within stylophore. Palp linear, with five or fewer segments and lacking a thumb-claw process. Prodorsum with three pairs of setae (v1 absent), without prodorsal bothridial setae; opisthosoma with at most thirteen pairs of setae dorsally and laterally (c1 usually present, c4 absent, two pairs h setae); anal valves with 1-3 pairs of simple pseudanal setae. Pretarsal claws with tenent hairs.

<==Tenuipalpidae
    |--Larvacarus transitans CK01
    |--Rarosiella cocosae C-R02
    |--Aegyptobia montana WL09
    |--Obdulia tamaricis WL09
    |--Obuloides rajamohani WL09
    |--Capedulia maritima WL09
    |--Raoiellana allium WL09
    |--Phytoptipalpus WL09
    |--Pentamerismus WL09
    |--Raoiella G01
    |    |--R. indica G01
    |    `--R. macfarlanei G01
    |--Dolichotetranychus WL09
    |    |--D. australianus WL09
    |    |--D. floridanus CR01
    |    `--D. vandergooti WL09
    |--Cenopalpus R01
    |    |--C. eriobotryi EP91
    |    |--C. lanceolatisetae WL09
    |    `--C. pulcher NL91
    |--Tenuipalpus C-R02
    |    |--T. orilloi C-R02
    |    |--T. pacificus WL09
    |    `--T. punicae G91
    `--Brevipalpus R01
         |--B. californicus (Banks 1904) [=Tenuipalpus californicus] E62
         |--B. chilensis WL09
         |--B. deleoni G01
         |--B. essigi WL09
         |--B. lantanae Baker & Tuttle 1987 W99
         |--B. lewisi J01
         |--B. obovatus Donnadieu 1875 E62 (see below for synonymy)
         |--B. pachucensis Baker & Tuttle 1987 W99
         |--B. phoenicis R01
         |--B. pulcheri RA-RH91
         |--B. russulus WL09
         `--B. trinidadensis W99

Brevipalpus obovatus Donnadieu 1875 E62 [incl. B. inornatus Pritchard & Baker 1952 E62, Tenuipalpus pseudocuneatus CR01]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CR01] Chagas, C. M., V. Rossetti, A. Colariccio, O. Lovisolo, E. W. Kitajima & C. C. Childers. 2001. Brevipalpus mites (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) as vectors of plant viruses. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 369-375. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[CK01] Charanasri, V., & M. Kongchuensin. 2001. Species and population densities of mites on jujube. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 419-422. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[C-R02] Corpuz-Raros, L. A. 2002. Philippine acarine biological control agents: Status, bioecology and research prospects. Philippine Agricultural Scientist 85 (2): 137-154.

[E62] Ehara, S. 1962. Mites of greenhouse plants in Hokkaido, with a new species of Cheyletidae. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses 35 (2): 106-111.

[EP91] Emmanouel, N. G., & H. Panou. 1991. A study on mites associated with bark and twigs of various trees in Attica (Greece). In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 523-532. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[G91] Gupta, S. K. 1991. The mites of agricultural importance in India with remarks on their economic status. In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 509-522. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[G01] Gupta, S. K. 2001. A conspectus of natural enemies of phytophagous mites and mites as potential biocontrol agents of agricultural pests in India. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 484-497. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[J01] James, D. G. 2001. History and perspectives of biological mite control in Australian horticulture using exotic and native phytoseiids. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 436-443. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[NL91] Nuzzaci, G., & E. de Lillo. 1991. Fine structure and functions of the mouthparts involved in the feeding mechanisms in Tetranychus urticae Koch (Tetranychoidea: Tetranychidae). In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 301-306. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[RA-RH91] Ramsy, A. H., H. A. Abddel-Rahman & H. E. Hussein. 1991. Allelochemicals in phytoseiid-prey interactions: resulting effect on prey-preference of Phytoseiulus persimilis. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 679-681. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[R01] Rezk, H. A. 2001. The false spider mite, Brevipalpus obovatus Donnadieu (Acari: Tenuipalpidae): Host-related biology, seasonal abundance, and control. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 291-294. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[W99] Walter, D. E. 1999. Cryptic inhabitants of a noxious weed: mites (Arachnida: Acari) on Lantana camara L. invading forests in Queensland. Australian Journal of Entomology 38: 197-200.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 233-420. Texas Tech University Press.

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