Amblyomma

Cayenne tick Amblyomma cajennense, from the US Dept of Health and Health Services.


Belongs within: Ixodidae.

Amblyomma is a large genus of ticks including both large, brightly ornamented mammal parasites and smaller, less ornamented parasites of reptiles and amphibians (Keirans 2009). The genus in its current circumscription is supported by molecular analysis, though no unique morphological synapomorphies are known. Species of Amblyomma possess a pentagonal basis capituli with short lateral sides, and long palps, though these features are shared with the phylogenetically distinct Australian genus Bothriocroton. Eyeless species have previously been recognised as a distinct genus Aponomma, but the loss of eyes has occurred in Amblyomma on more than one occasion (Klompen et al. 2002).

<==Amblyomma Koch 1844 [incl. Aponomma Neumann 1899; Amblyommini] KDB02
    |--A. americanum (Linnaeus 1758) SH91
    |--A. cajennense K09
    |--A. darwini WP99
    |--A. elaphense (Price 1959) [=Aponomma elaphense] KDB02
    |--A. fimbriatum (Koch 1844) [=Aponomma fimbriatum] KDB02
    |--A. gemma (Dönitz 1909) ADG91
    |--A. hebraeum (Koch 1844) ADG91
    |    |--A. h. hebraeum J98
    |    `--A. h. magnum Neumann 1909 J98
    |--A. latum (Koch 1844) [=Aponomma latum] KDB02
    |--A. lepidum (Dönitz 1909) ADG91
    |--A. loculosum R01
    |--A. macfarlandi S91
    |--A. maculatum Koch 1844 SH91
    |--A. moreliae R01
    |--A. nitidum WP99
    |--A. pilosum S91
    |--A. postoculatum R01
    |--A. quadricavum (Schulze 1941) [=Aponomma quadricavum] KDB02
    |--A. rotundatum WP99
    |--A. sphenodonti (Dumbleton 1943) [=Aponomma sphenodonti] KDB02
    |--A. transversale (Lucas 1845) [=Aponomma transversale] KDB02
    |--A. triguttatum Koch 1844 KDB02
    |--A. tuberculatum OW01
    |--A. usingeri S91
    |--A. variegatum (Fabricius 1794) ADG91
    `--A. yajimai Kishida 1935 [=Ambyomma (l. c.) yajimai] TYM08

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[ADG91] Amoo, A. O. J., O. O. Dipeolu & L. N. Gichuru. 1991. Tick ecology: on-host population dynamics of ticks in the Coast Province of Kenya. In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 461-468. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81-91.

[K09] Keirans, J. E. 2009. Order Ixodida. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 111-123. Texas Tech University Press.

[KDB02] Klompen, H., S. J. Dobson & S. C. Barker. 2002. A new subfamily, Bothriocrotoninae n. subfam., for the genus Bothriocroton Keirans, King & Sharrad, 1994 status amend. (Ixodida: Ixodidae), and the synonymy of Aponomma Neumann, 1899 with Amblyomma Koch, 1844. Systematic Parasitology 53: 101-107.

[OW01] Otto, J. C., & K. J. Wilson. 2001. Assessment of the usefulness of ribosomal 18S and mitochondrial COI sequences in Prostigmata phylogeny. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 100-109. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[R01] Russell, R. C. 2001. The medical significance of Acari in Australia. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 535-546. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[S91] Schatz, H. 1991. Arrival and establishment of Acari on oceanic islands. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 613-618. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[SH91] Sonenshine, D. E., J. G. Hamilton, J. S. Phillips & W. R. Lusby. 1991. Mounting sex pheromone: its role in regulation of mate recognition in the Ixodidae. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 69-78. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[TYM08] Tennent, W. J., M. Yasuda & K. Morimoto. 2008. Lansania Journal of arachnology and zoology—a rare and obscure Japanese natural history journal. Archives of Natural History 35 (2): 252-280.

[WP99] Walter, D. E. & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

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