Phytoseioidea

Podocinum pacificum, copyright Pfliegler Walter.


Belongs within: Gamasina.
Contains: Blattisociinae, Platyseiinae, Treatiinae, Neoseiulella, Proprioseiopsis, Phytoseius, Typhlodromus, Typhlodromips, Euseius, Amblyseius, Neoseiulini.

The Phytoseioidea are a diverse group of mites, best known as predators but also including parasitic, fungivorous and pollen-feeding species. The Otopheidomenidae, characterised by modified chelicerae with the fixed digit reduced and the movable digit slender and pointed, are parasitic on insects (Lindquist et al. 2009).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Female and male dorsal shield usually entire, occasionally divided. Female sternal shield usually with three pairs of setae (metasternal setae on separate platelets or free in soft integument) but rarely with two or fewer pairs of setae; epigynal shield usually with one pair of setae, or these on soft integument flanking shield, shield free posteriorly from ventrianal or, rarely, anal shield. Male with sternitigenital shield usually separate from ventrianal shield or with line of fusion evident when connected; ventrianal shield with anterolateral margins not incised or eroded and with posterolateral margins free from dorsal shield; ventrianal shield rarely divided into ventral and anal shield. Femur I usually with 11-12 setae, including three ventral setae and 4-5 dorsal setae; tibia I with 2-3 ventral setae, 4-6 dorsal setae and 1-2 anterolateral setae; tibia III with 7-8 setae (1 1/1, 2/1 1 or 2 1/1, 2/1 1), rarely nine when pl2 present. Palptarsal claw usually two-tined (three-tined in Podocinidae). Female podospermous; sperm induction pores on sternal region between bases of coxae III-IV; each major sperm duct leading to often sclerotised spermathecal calyx, with associated vesicle, atrium and minor duct. Male with genital aperture at anterior margin of sternal region, with or without spurs or modified spinelike setae on legs II and sometimes III-IV; spermatodactyl on movable cheliceral digit simple and fingerlike to variously modified, elongated, or elaborated in shape. Larva with or without pygidial shield; protonymphal pygidial shield with 5-8 pairs of setae, setae S4-S5 usually on shield; dorsal shield of deutonymph entire, with lateral incisions or divided if divided in adult.

<==Phytoseioidea
    |--Blattisociidae LKW09
    |    |--Blattisociinae LKW09
    |    `--Platyseiinae LKW09
    |--Podocinidae LKW09
    |    |--Andregamasus LKW09
    |    |--Derrickia Womersley 1956 H98
    |    |    `--D. setosa Womersley 1956 H98
    |    |--Podocinella Evans & Hyatt 1958 FH93
    |    |    |--P. misella (Berlese 1913) [=Podocinum misellum] FH93
    |    |    `--P. plumosa LKW09
    |    `--Podocinum Berlese 1882 FH93
    |         |--P. catenulum De Leon 1964 FH93
    |         |--P. jamaicense Evans & Hyatt 1958 FH93
    |         |--P. monilicum Halliday 1990 H98
    |         |--P. pacificum Berlese 1895 FH93
    |         |--P. pugnorum De Leon 1964 FH93
    |         |--P. sagax (Berlese 1882) [=Laelaps sagax] FH93
    |         `--P. taylori Halliday 1990 H98
    |--Otopheidomenidae LKW09
    |    |  i. s.: Orthopteroseius sinicus K09
    |    |--Treatiinae LKW09
    |    |--Katydiseiinae LKW09
    |    |    |--Katydiseius nadchatrami LKW09, K09
    |    |    `--Eickwortius LKW09
    |    `--Otopheidomeninae LKW09
    |         |--Noctuiseius Prasad 1968 LKW09, FH93
    |         |--Prasadiseius LKW09
    |         `--Otopheidomenis Treat 1955 FH93
    |              |--O. ascalaphae Syed & Goff 1983 FH93
    |              |--O. kayosiekeri Prasad 1970 FH93
    |              |--O. pholusis Prasad 1970 FH93
    |              |--O. treati (Prasad 1968) [=Noctuiseius teati] FH93
    |              `--O. zalelestes Treat 1955 FH93
    `--Phytoseiidae [Phytoseiini] CM03
         |  i. s.: Galendromus Muma 1961 [incl. Trichoseius Wainstein 1962] FH93
         |           |--G. annectens MC97
         |           |--G. helveolus (Chant 1959) (see below for synonymy) FH93
         |           |--G. (Menaseius) herbertae (Nesbitt 1951) (see below for synonymy) FH93
         |           |--G. longipilus (Nesbitt 1951) [=Typhlodromus longipilus] FH93
         |           |--G. mcgregori (Chant 1959) [=Typhlodromus mcgregori] FH93
         |           |--G. pomi (Parrott in Parrott, Hodgkiss & Schoene 1906) [=Seius pomi] FH93
         |           `--G. porresi MC97
         |         Meyerius latus P01
         |         Indoseiulus ricini G01
         |         Typhloseiulus R-CT01
         |           |--T. carmonae TKC07
         |           |--T. eleonorae TKC07
         |           |--T. eliahuswirskii R-CT01
         |           `--T. simplex R-CT01
         |         Amblydromella Muma 1961 FH93
         |           |--A. athenas R-CT01
         |           |--A. bakeri (Garman 1948) [=Seiulus bakeri] FH93
         |           |--A. caudiglans (Schuster 1959) FH93 (see below for synonymy)
         |           |--A. crypta R-CT01
         |           |--A. rhenana (Oudemans 1905) [=Seiulus rhenanus; incl. Typhlodromus foenilis Oudemans 1930] FH93
         |           `--A. rhenanoides R-CT01
         |         Typhlodromina Muma 1961 FH93
         |           |--T. conspicua (Garman 1948) [=Iphidulus conspicuus] FH93
         |           |--T. musero (Schicha 1987) [=Typhlodromus musero] H98
         |           |--T. pini (Chant 1955) [=Typhlodromus pini; incl. Typhlodromus pacificus McGregor 1956] FH93
         |           `--T. subtropica Muma & Denmark 1969 FH93
         |         Typhlodromulus limonicus YM91
         |         Anthoseius DeLeon 1959 ET79
         |           |--*A. hebetis DeLeon 1959 ET79
         |           |--A. bakeri Z91
         |           |--A. pirianykae Z91
         |           |--A. recki C91
         |           |--A. rhenanus ET79
         |           `--A. verrucosus Z91
         |         Mumaseius C91
         |           |--M. bakeri C91
         |           `--M. sternlichti C91
         |         Neoseiulella H98
         |         Proprioseiopsis LKW09
         |         Seius bdelloides WP99
         |         Metaseiulus P91
         |           |--M. arboreus MC97
         |           |--M. citri MC97
         |           |--M. flumenis [incl. M. mcgregori] MC97
         |           |--M. johnsoni MC97
         |           |--M. longipilus P91
         |           |--M. occidentalis (Nesbitt 1951) BJ02, FH93 (see below for synonymy)
         |           `--M. pomi MC97
         |         Kuzinellus kuzini KU07
         |         Galendromimus alveolaris (DeLeon 1957) [=Typhlodromus alveolaris, Chanteius alveolaris] RM07
         |         Typhloseiella isotricha TKC07
         |         Seiulus Berlese 1887 FH93 [incl. Echinoseius Ribaga 1904 FH93, Typhloctonus Muma 1961 ET79]
         |           |--*S. hirsutigenus (Berl. 1887) [=Seius hirsutigenus] ET79
         |           |--S. amaliae RC91
         |           |--S. simplex ET79
         |           `--S. tiliarum P91 [=Typhloctonus tiliarum C91]
         |         Amblydromus Muma 1961 FH93
         |           `--A. smithi (Schuster 1957) [=Typhlodromus smithi] FH93
         |         Amblyscutus Muma 1961 FH93
         |           `--A. grandis (Berlese 1914) [=Amblyseius grandis] FH93
         |         Amblyseiella Muma 1955 FH93
         |           `--A. setosa Muma 1955 FH93
         |         Athiasia Muma & Denmark 1968 [incl. Fundiseius Muma & Denmark 1971] FH93
         |           |--A. arenicola (Muma 1965) [=Iphiseius arenicolus, Fundiseius arenicolus] FH93
         |           |--A. coronata (Fox 1946) [=Borinquolaelaps coronatus, Fundiseius coronatus] FH93
         |           |--A. imbricata Muma & Denmark 1969 FH93
         |           `--A. morgani (Chant 1957) (see below for synonymy) FH93
         |         Chelaseius Muma & Denmark 1968 FH93
         |           |--C. floridanus (Muma 1955) [=Amblyseiopsis floridanus] FH93
         |           |--C. tundrus (Chant & Hansell 1971) [=Amblyseius tundra] FH93
         |           `--C. vicinus (Muma 1965) [=Typhlodromips vicinus] FH93
         |         Clavidromus Muma 1961 FH93
         |         Cydnodromella Muma 1961 FH93
         |           `--C. pilosa (Chant 1959) [=Typhlodromus pilosus] FH93
         |         Noeledius Muma & Denmark 1968 FH93
         |           `--N. iphiformis (Muma 1962) [=Amblyseiulus iphiformis] FH93
         |         ‘Hypoaspis’ armatus Ewing 1917 FH93
         |         ‘Hyletastes’ ovalis Banks 1904 [=Iphis ovalis] FH93
         |         ‘Acarus’ malus Packard 1873 FH93
         |         Papuaseius Chant & McMurtry 1994 H98
         |           `--P. dominiquae (Schicha & Gutierrez 1985) [=Typhlodromus dominiquae] H98
         |         Eharius chaerguii MC97
         |         Transeius Chant & McMurtry 2004 ATU05
         |           |--*T. bellottii (Moraes & Mesa 1988) [=Amblyseius bellottii] ATU05
         |           `--T. patellae (Karg 1982) [=Amblyseius patellae] ATU05
         |         Paraseiulella elliptica WD91
         |--Phytoseiinae CM03
         |    |--Phytoseius WL01
         |    `--Chantia paradoxa CM03
         |--Typhlodrominae CM03
         |    |--Typhlodromus CM03
         |    |--Gigagnathus CM03
         |    |--Australiseiulus Muma 1961 CM03, H98
         |    |    |--A. angophorae (Schicha 1981) [=Typhlodromus angophorae] H98
         |    |    |--A. australicus (Womersley 1954) [=Kampimodromus australicus, Typhlodromus australicus] H98
         |    |    `--A. goondi BW01
         |    |--Chanteius CM03
         |    |    |  i. s.: C. contiguus [incl. Chiliseius (l. c. for Chileseius) (Chiliseius) lieni Tseng 1975] CM03
         |    |    `--C. (Evanseius Wainstein 1962) CM03
         |    |         `--‘Typhlodromus’ arboreus Chant 1957 (see below for synonymy) CM03
         |    `--Paraseiulus Muma 1961 CM03, ET79
         |         |--*P. soleiger (Ribaga 1902) [=Seiulus soleiger] ET79
         |         |--P. amaliae C91
         |         |--P. erevenicusa C91
         |         |--P. jirofticus KU07
         |         |--P. subsoleiger C91
         |         |--P. talbii CM03
         |         `--‘Neoseiulus’ yugoslavicus Mijuskovic & Tomasevic 1975 CM03
         `--Amblyseiinae CM03
              |  i. s.: Phytoseiulus Evans 1952 CM03, ET79
              |           |--P. macropilus (Banks 1904) FH93 (see below for synonymy)
              |           |--P. longipes P01
              |           `--P. persimilis Athias-Henriot 1957 HP91 [incl. P. riegeli M91]
              |         Macroseius Chant, Denmark & Baker 1959 CM03, FH93
              |           `--M. biscutatus Chant, Denmark & Baker 1959 FH93
              |         Typhlodromalus Muma 1961 KA90, FH93
              |           |--T. aripo K07
              |           |--T. lailae SG01
              |           |--T. limonicus (Garman & McGregor 1956) (see below for synonymy) FH93
              |           |--T. manihoti BW01
              |           `--T. peregrinus (Muma 1955) (see below for synonymy) FH93
              |         Typhlodromips KA90
              |         Iphiseius Berlese 1921 MM85
              |           |--*I. degenerans MM85 [=Amblyseius degerans M91]
              |           |--I. formosanus Ehara 1970 MM85
              |           |--I. gongylus MM85
              |           |--I. modestus MM85
              |           `--I. robustus MM85
              |         Paraamblyseius Muma 1962 MM85, FH93
              |           |--P. dinghuensis (Wu & Qian 1982) [=Iphiseius dinghuensis] H98
              |           |--P. lecanis (Schuster & Pritchard 1963) [=Amblyseius lecanis] FH93
              |           `--P. mumai (Prasad 1968) [=Iphiseius mumai] FH93
              |         Iphiseiodes De Leon 1966 MM85, FH93
              |           `--I. quadripilis (Banks 1904) [=Seius quadripilis] FH93
              |         Asperoseius Chant 1957 W99, H98
              |           |--*A. africanus Chant 1957 W99
              |           `--A. australiensis Fain & Krantz 1992 W99
              |         Euseius W99
              |         Okiseius Ehara 1967 W99, H98 [incl. Kampimodromellus W99]
              |           |--*O. subtropicus Ehara 1967 (see below for synonymy) W99
              |           |--O. cowbay Walter 1999 W99
              |           |--O. domatorum (Schicha in Schicha & O’Dowd 1993) [=Amblyseius domatorum] W99
              |           |--O. morenoi Schicha 1987 H98
              |           `--O. tribulation Walter 1999 W99
              |         Phytoscutus Muma 1961 W99, H98
              |           |--*P. sexpilis Muma 1961 W99
              |           `--P. acaridophagus (Collyer 1964) [=Iphiseius acaridophagus] H98
              |         Paraphytoseius Swirski & Shechter 1961 W99, MM85
              |           |--P. cracentis (Corpuz & Rimando 1966) [=Ptenoseius cracentis] MM85
              |           |--P. hilli Beard & Walter 1996 H98
              |           |--P. multidentatus WL01
              |           `--P. seychellensis Schicha & Corpuz-Raros 1985 H98
              |         Proprioseius W99
              |           |--P. aberrans HBR80
              |           |--P. anthurus WD91
              |           |--P. meridionalis WD91
              |           `--P. schichai C-R02
              |--Amblyseius CM03
              |--Neoseiulini CM03
              |--Arrenoseius Wainstein 1962 FH93 [Arrenoseiini CM03]
              |    `--A. palustris (Chant 1960) [=Typhlodromus (Amblyseius) palustris] FH93
              `--Kampimodromus Nesbitt 1951 FH93 (see below for synonymy)
                   |--K. aberrans (Oudemans 1930) Z91 (see below for synonymy)
                   |--K. ericinus TK07
                   |--K. keae Papadoulis & Emmanouel 1991 TK07
                   |--K. langei TK07
                   |--K. molle TK07
                   `--K. ragusai TK07

Amblydromella caudiglans (Schuster 1959) FH93 [=Typhlodromus caudiglans FH93, T. (Anthoseius) caudiglans MC97; incl. A. nodosa De Leon 1962 FH93, A. timida Wainstein & Arutunjan 1968 FH93]

Athiasia morgani (Chant 1957) [=Typhlodromus (Amblyseius) morgani; incl. Amblyseius hystrix Muma 1962] FH93

Galendromus helveolus (Chant 1959) [=Typhlodromus helveolus; incl. T. floridanus Muma 1955, T. gratus Chant 1959] FH93

Galendromus (Menaseius) herbertae (Nesbitt 1951) [=Typhlodromus herbertae; incl. G. (M.) delicatus De Leon 1962, G. (M.) ruralis De Leon 1962] FH93

Kampimodromus Nesbitt 1951 FH93 [incl. Indoseius Ghai & Menon 1969 non Evans 1955 FH93, Paradromus Muma 1961 FH93; Kampimodromini CM03]

Kampimodromus aberrans (Oudemans 1930) Z91 [=Typhlodromus aberrans FH93, Amblyseius aberrans M91; incl. *K. elongatus TK07]

Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt 1951) BJ02, FH93 [=Typhlodromus occidentalis FH93, Galendromus occidentalis BJ02]

*Okiseius subtropicus Ehara 1967 [=Amblyseius subtropicus, Platyseius (Neoledius) subtropicus; incl. Okiseius wui Kolodochka & Denmark 1996] W99

Phytoseiulus macropilus (Banks 1904) FH93 [=Laelaps macropilus FH93; incl. P. chanti Ehara 1966 FH93, *P. speyeri Evans 1952 ET79]

Typhlodromalus limonicus (Garman & McGregor 1956) [=Amblyseiopsis limonicus; incl. Typhlodromus garmani Chant 1959, Amblyseius rapax De Leon 1965] FH93

Typhlodromalus peregrinus (Muma 1955) [=Typhlodromus peregrinus; incl. Typhlodromalus evansi Chant 1959, Typhlodromalus primulae Chant 1959, Typhlodromalus robiniae Chant 1959] FH93

‘Typhlodromus’ arboreus Chant 1957 [incl. T. anchialus Kennett 1958, Chanteius (*Evanseius) anchialus] CM03

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

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[BJ02] Becnel, J. J., A. Jeyaprakash, M. A. Hoy & A. Shapiro. 2002. Morphological and molecular characterization of a new microsporidian species from the predatory mite Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) (Acari, Phytoseiidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 79: 163–172.

[CM03] Chant, D. A., & J. A. McMurtry. 2003. A review of the subfamily Amblyseiinae Muma (Acari: Phytoseiidae): part I. Neoseiulini new tribe. International Journal of Acarology 29 (1): 3–46.

[C91] Çobanoglu, S. 1991. The distribution of phytoseiid species (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in important apple growing areas of Turkey. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 565–570. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

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