Tarsonemidae

Diagram of ventral (left) and dorsal (right) views of male glossy grain mite Tarsonemus granarius, from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN.


Belongs within: Prostigmata.

The Tarsonemidae are a family of mites of diverse habits, many of which are phoretic on insects as adult females. Some species of tarsonemid are economically significant phytophages.

Characters (from Walter et al. 2009): Cheliceral stylophore consolidated with subcapitulum to form capsulate gnathosoma; palpi reduced. Female legs IV three-segmented, usually much more slender than legs II-III, with fused femur and genu, without claws and empodium. Male legs IV three- or four-segmented, always inserted ventrally, with single sessile or vestigial claw; male genital capsule caudal in position.

<==Tarsonemidae
    |--Nasutitarsonemus L01
    |--Tarsanonychus L01
    |--Iponemus A-B91
    |--Polyphagotarsonemus latus YM91, C-R02
    |--Phytonemus pallidus WP99
    |--Fungitarsonemus pulvirosus WL09
    |--Acaronemus WP99
    |--Daidalotarsonemus hewitti WL09
    |--Ceratotarsonemus WP99
    |--Coreitarsonemus anoplocnemis WL09
    |--Hemitarsonemus WL09
    |--Suskia WL09
    |--Tarsonemella WL09
    |--Paratarsonemella WL09
    |--Ficotarsonemus WL09
    |--Alkithoenemus WL09
    |--Excelsotarsonemus WL09
    |--Pseudotarsonemoides WL09
    |--Ununguitarsonemus WL09
    |--Heterotarsonemus WL09
    |--Pseudotarsonemus WL09
    |--Crossacarapis WL09
    |--Flechtmannus WL09
    |--Amcotarsonemus WL09
    |--Asiocortarsonemus WL09
    |--Dendroptus WP99
    |    |--D. fulgens WL09
    |    `--D. nitidus WL09
    |--Xenotarsonemus M83
    |    |--X. belemnitoides M83
    |    `--X. viridis M83
    |--Pseudacarapis WL09
    |    |--P. indoapis WL09
    |    `--P. trispicula WL09
    |--Acarapis WP99
    |    |--A. dorsalis K09
    |    |--A. externus SH01
    |    `--A. woodi Rennie 1921 S61
    |--Steneotarsonemus WL01
    |    |--S. ananas WL09
    |    |--S. bancrofti (Michael 1890) [=Tarsonemus bancrofti] H01
    |    |--s. laticeps K09
    |    |--S. pallidus YM91
    |    |--S. spinki WL01
    |    `--S. spirifex M83
    `--Tarsonemus SH01
         |--T. apis WL09
         |--T. bakeri B49
         |--T. confusus WP99
         |--T. (Chaetotarsonemus) dispar WL09
         |--T. ellipticus M83
         |--T. fusarii QA91
         |--T. granarius QA91
         |--T. ips WL09
         |--T. krantzi WL09
         |--T. lelakemorei SH01
         |--T. rakowiensis ED01
         |--T. setifer M83
         |--T. talpae M83
         `--T. waitei M83

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A-B91] Athias-Binche, F. 1991. Ecology and evolution of phoresy in mites. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 27-41. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[B49] Baker, E. W. 1949. A review of the mites of the family Cheyletidae in the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 99 (3238): 267-320.

[C-R02] Corpuz-Raros, L. A. 2002. Philippine acarine biological control agents: Status, bioecology and research prospects. Philippine Agricultural Scientist 85 (2): 137-154.

[ED01] Ehrnsberger, R., & J. Dabert. 2001. Population dynamics of acarid mites in two different types of poultry raising systems in Germany. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 576-582. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[H01] Halliday, R. B. 2001. 250 years of Australian acarology. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 3-16. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[K09] Krantz, G. W. 2009. Habits and habitats. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, pp. 64-82. Texas Tech University Press.

[L01] Lindquist, E. E. 2001. Poising for a new century: Diversification in acarology. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 17-34. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: An annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1-98.

[QA91] Quintero, M. T., & H. A. Acevedo. 1991. Studies on deep litter mites on farms in Mexico. In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 443-448. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[S61] Southcott, R. V. 1961. Studies on the systematics and biology of the Erythraeoidea (Acarina), with a critical revision of the genera and subfamilies. Australian Journal of Zoology 9: 367-610.

[SH01] Sumangala, K., & M. A. Haq. 2001. Survey of the mite fauna associated with Apis spp. in Kerala, southern India. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 565-568. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, pp. 233-420. Texas Tech University Press.

[WP99] Walter, D. E. & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[WL01] Wu, W.-N., & W.-M. Lan. 2001. The phytoseiid mites of major crops in China. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 530-532. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[YM91] Yaninek, J. S., & G. J. de Moraes. 1991. A synopsis of classical biological control of mites in agriculture. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 133-149. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

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