Petroicidae

Canary flyrobin Microeca papuana, photographed by Carmelo López.


Belongs within: Passerida.
Contains: Petroica.

The Petroicidae include the Australasian robins, a group of small insectivorous birds found primarily in wooded areas.

Characters (from The Internet Bird Collection): Small, rather stocky passerines with large rounded head and rather big eyes, short to moderately long, straight, thin bill with upper mandible hooked to varying degree, some with broader, flatter bill, most species with moderately long and slender legs, rounded to slightly pointed wings, short to moderately long tail, a few with very short or very long tail; plumage generally olive, grey, brown or black above, often with pale wingbar, and frequently more colourful below, some species black, grey and white, a few taxa all black.

Petroicidae [Eopsaltriidae]
    |  i. s.: Monachella muelleriana JT12
    |--+--Pachycephalopsis JT12
    |  |    |--P. hattamensis JF07
    |  |    `--P. poliosoma JF06
    |  `--+--Petroica JT12
    |     `--Amalocichla JT12
    |          |--A. incerta JT12
    |          `--A. sclateriana JT12
    `--+--Microeca JT12
       |    |  i. s.: M. brunneicauda Campbell 1902 [incl. M. brunneicauda tormenti Mathews 1916] WS48
       |    |         M. flavovirescens JT12
       |    |         M. hemixantha JT12
       |    |         M. leucophaea (Latham 1801) [=Sylvia leucophaea] WS48
       |    |           |--M. l. leucophaea WS48
       |    |           |--M. l. assimilis Gould 1840 WS48 [=M. fascinans assimilis M03]
       |    |           `--M. l. subpallida Mathews 1912 [=M. fascinans subpallida] WS48
       |    |--+--M. griseoceps JT12
       |    |  `--M. papuana JT12
       |    `--+--‘Eopsaltria’ flaviventris JT12 [incl. E. flavigastra S13]
       |       `--+--M. fascinans JT12
       |          |    |--M. f. fascinans M03
       |          |    |--M. f. barcoo M03
       |          |    `--M. f. pallida M03
       |          `--M. flavigaster Gould 1842 JT12, WS48
       |               |--M. f. flavigaster M03
       |               |--M. f. laetissima M03
       |               `--M. f. tormenti M03
       `--+--Drymodes Gould 1841 JT12, B94 [Drymodinae]
          |    |--D. brunneopygia Gould 1840 [incl. Drymoeodus pallidus Sharpe 1883] WS48
          |    `--D. superciliaris M03
          |         |--D. s. superciliaris M03
          |         `--D. s. colcloughi M03
          `--+--+--Heteromyias albispecularis JT12
             |  `--Poecilodryas JT12
             |       |--P. albonotata JT12
             |       |--P. brachyura JT12
             |       |--P. cerviniventris (Gould 1857) JT12, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
             |       |--P. hypoleuca JT12
             |       |--P. placens JT12
             |       |--P. pulverulenta (Bonaparte 1851) [=Myiolestes pulverulentus] WS48
             |       |    |--P. p. pulverulenta WS48
             |       |    `--P. p. cinereiceps Hartert 1905 [incl. Pachycephala leucura connectens Mathews 1912] WS48
             |       `--P. superciliosa (Gould 1846) [=Petroica superciliosa] WS48
             `--+--Peneothello JT12
                |    |--+--P. sigillatus JT12
                |    |  `--+--P. cyanus JT12
                |    |     `--‘Eopsaltria’ pulverulenta JT12
                |    `--+--P. bimaculata JT12
                |       `--Melanodryas JT12
                |            |--M. cucullata (Latham 1801) WS48 (see below for synonymy)
                |            `--M. vittata M03
                `--Eopsaltria Swainson 1832 JT12, B94
                     |--+--E. australis JT12
                     |  |    |--E. a. australis M03
                     |  |    `--E. a. chrysorrhoa M03
                     |  `--E. griseogularis Gould 1838 JT12, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
                     |       |--E. g. griseogularis M03 [=E. australis griseogularis SJ85]
                     |       `--E. g. rosinae M03
                     `--+--E. georgiana (Quoy & Gaimard 1830) JT12, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
                        `--Tregellasia JT12
                             |--T. capito M03
                             |    |--T. c. capito M03
                             |    `--T. c. nana M03
                             `--T. leucops JF06

Eopsaltria georgiana (Quoy & Gaimard 1830) JT12, WS48 [=Muscicapa georgiana WS48; incl. E. leucogaster Gould 1846 WS48, Quoyornis georgianus warreni Mathews 1916 WS48]

Eopsaltria griseogularis Gould 1838 JT12, WS48 [incl. Muscicapa gularis Quoy & Gaimard 1830 (preoc.) WS48, E. griseogularis quoyi Mathews 1920 WS48, E. griseogularis wongani Mathews 1920 WS48]

Melanodryas cucullata (Latham 1801) WS48 [=Muscicapa cucullata WS48, Petroica cucullata JF06; incl. P. cucullata westralensis Mathews 1912 WS48]

Poecilodryas cerviniventris (Gould 1857) JT12, WS48 [=Petroica cerviniventris WS48, Po. superciliosa cerviniventris WS48; incl. Pachycephala superciliosa belcheri Mathews 1912 WS48, Po. superciliosa derbyi Mathews 1913 WS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149-186.

[JF07] Jønsson, K. A., J. Fjeldså, P. G. P. Ericson & M. Irestedt. 2007. Systematic placement of an enigmatic southeast Asian taxon Eupetes macrocerus and implications for the biogeography of a main songbird radiation, the Passerida. Biology Letters 3 (3): 323-326.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[S13] Sarasin, F. 1913. Die Vögel Neu-Caledoniens und der Loyalty-Inseln. In Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1, Heft I (F. Sarasin & J. Roux, eds) pp. 1-78, pl. 1-3. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[SJ85] Storr, G. M., & R. E. Johnstone. 1985. Field Guide to the Birds of Western Australia 2nd ed. Western Australian Museum: Perth (Australia).

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

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