Grey-sided flowerpecker Dicaeum celebicum celebicum, photographed by Lip Kee Yap.

Belongs within: Nectariniidae.

Dicaeum is a genus of flowerpeckers found in southern Asia and Australasia. Most species are brightly coloured, with short, slightly down-curved bills and tubular tongues, and feed on fruit, nectar and small insects.

Characters (from Cheke et al. 2001): Bill short and triangular, of variable thickness and curvature, with finely serrated edges; nostrils exposed, but partly covered by a membrane; rictal bristles short. Wing usually with outermost primary short.

Dicaeum Cuvier 1817 B94
    |--+--D. chrysorrheum JT12
    |  `--+--D. melanoxanthum JT12
    |     `--+--D. agile JT12
    |        `--D. everetti JT12
    `--+--D. olivaceum Walden 1875 S89 (see below for synonymy)
       `--+--D. hypoleucum JT12
          `--+--+--+--D. anthonyi JT12
             |  |  `--D. bicolor JT12
             |  `--+--D. australe JT12
             |     `--D. trigonostigma (Scopoli 1786) JT12, W66 [=Certhia trigonostigma W66]
             `--+--D. aureolimbatum JT12
                |    |--D. a. aureolimbatum R02
                |    `--D. a. laterale R02
                `--+--D. nigrilore JT12
                   `--+--+--+--D. concolor JT12
                      |  |  `--D. pygmaeum JT12
                      |  `--+--D. tristrami JT12
                      |     `--+--D. sanguinolentum JT12
                      |        `--+--D. cruentatum (Linné 1766) JT12, W66 (see below for synonymy)
                      |           `--D. igniferum JT12
                      `--+--D. monticolum JT12
                         `--+--+--D. celebicum JT12
                            |  |    |--D. c. celebicum R02
                            |  |    `--D. c. sanghirense R02
                            |  `--D. ignipectus JT12
                            `--+--+--D. aeneum JT12
                               |  `--D. eximium JT12
                               `--+--D. hirundinaceum (Shaw 1792) JT12, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
                                  `--+--D. geelvinkianum JT12
                                     `--D. pectorale JT12

Dicaeum incertae sedis:
  D. aeruginosum JT12
  D. annae JT12
  D. erythrorhynchos JT12
  D. erythrothorax JT12
  D. haematostictum JT12
  D. maugei JT12
  D. nehrkorni JT12
  D. nitidum JT12
  D. proprium JT12
  D. quadricolor JT12
  D. retrocinctum JT12
  D. trochileum JT12
  D. vincens JT12
  D. vulneratum JT12

Dicaeum cruentatum (Linné 1766) JT12, W66 [=Certhia cruentata W66; incl. C. coccinea Scopoli 1786 W66]

Dicaeum hirundinaceum (Shaw 1792) JT12, WS48 [=Motacilla hirundinacea WS48; incl. D. hirundinaceum tormenti Mathews 1912 WS48]

Dicaeum olivaceum Walden 1875 S89 [=Prionochilus olivaceus JT12; incl. D. inornatum Sharpe 1885 S89, D. virescens S89]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

Cheke, R. A., C. F. Mann & R. Allen. 2001. Sunbirds: A Guide to the Sunbirds, Flowerpeckers, Spiderhunters and Sugarbirds of the World. A & C Black Publishers.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[R02] Riley, J. 2002. Population sizes and the status of endemic and restricted-range bird species on Sangihe Island, Indonesia. Bird Conservation International 12: 53-78.

[S89] Salvadori, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea nella Birmania e nelle regioni vicine. XIX. – Uccelli raccolti nei Monti Carin a nord-est di Tounghoo, nel Pegù presso Rangoon e Tounghoo e nel Tenasserim presso Malewoon. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 369-438.

[W66] Walden, A. 1866. Notes on birds collected in Tennasserim and in the Andaman Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 537-556.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

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