Monarchidae

African paradise flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis, photographed by L. Harding.


Belongs within: Corvoidea.
Contains: Myiagra, Monarcha.

The Monarchidae include the monarch flycatchers, insectivorous birds found in Africa, southern Asia and Australasia. In its current sense, the group is primarily supported by molecular data, but most species have broad, flat, ridged bills, relatively long wings, and small legs and feet (Austin 1961).

<==Monarchidae [Monarchinae, Myiagridae]
    |  i. s.: Eutrichomyias rowleyi JT12
    |--+--Grallina Vieillot 1816 JT12, B94 [Grallinidae]
    |  |    |--G. bruijni JT12
    |  |    `--G. cyanoleuca (Latham 1801) [=Corvus cyanoleuca; incl. G. cyanoleuca neglecta Mathews 1912] WS48
    |  `--+--Myiagra JT12
    |     `--+--Monarcha JT12
    |        `--Arses JT12
    |             |--A. insularis JT12
    |             |--A. kaupi M03
    |             `--A. telescophthalmus M03
    `--+--Trochocercus JT12
       |    |--T. cyanomelas JF06
       |    `--T. nitens JF06
       `--Hypothymis JT12
            |  i. s.: H. coelestis JT12
            |--H. azurea JT12
            `--+--H. helenae JT12
               `--Terpsiphone Gloger 1827 JT12, B94 (see below for synonymy)
                    |  i. s.: T. atrocaudata VP89
                    |         T. atrochalybeia JT12
                    |         T. bedfrordi JT12
                    |         T. bourbonnensis JT12 [=Tschitraea borbonica S66]
                    |         T. corvina USDI77
                    |         T. cyanescens JT12
                    |         T. cyanomelas JT12
                    |         T. mutata PT03 [=Tschitraea mutata S66]
                    |         T. rufiventer JT12
                    |         T. rufocinerea FP64
                    |         T. smithii JT12
                    |--T. cinnamomea JT12
                    `--+--T. paradisi JT12
                       |    |--T. p. paradisi VP89
                       |    `--T. p. incei VP89
                       `--T. viridis JT12

Inorganic: Terpsiphone atrocaudata minilorientalis Okamura 1987 O87

Terpsiphone Gloger 1827 JT12, B94 [incl. Muscipeta Cuvier 1817 B94, Tchitrea Lesson 1830 B94; Muscipetidae, Tchitreidae, Terpsiphonidae]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

Austin, O. L., Jr. 1961. Birds of the World: A survey of the twenty-seven orders and one hundred and fifty-five families. Paul Hamlyn: London.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149-186.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[O87] Okamura, C. 1987. New facts: Homo and all Vertebrata were born simultaneously in the former Paleozoic in Japan. Original Report of the Okamura Fossil Laboratory 15: 347-573.

[PT03] Prum, R. O., & R. Torres. 2003. Structural colouration of avian skin: Convergent evolution of coherently scattering dermal collagen arrays. Journal of Experimental Biology 206: 2409-2429.

[S66] Schlegel, H. 1866. Communication from, on mammals and birds collected in Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 419-426.

[USDI77] USDI (United States Department of the Interior). 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants - republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420-36431.

[VP89] Viney, C., & K. Phillipps. 1989. Birds of Hong Kong 5th ed. Government Printer: Hong Kong.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS