Anthochaera

Red wattlebird Anthochaera carunculata, photographed by David Stowe.


Belongs within: Meliphagidae.

The wattlebirds Anthochaera are a genus of honeyeaters endemic to Australia. The eponymous wattles are present in the red wattlebird Anthochaera carunculata and yellow wattlebird A. paradoxa only; the remaining species lack wattles.

Characters (from Schodde & Mason 1999): Palatines curved and broadly flared, with rather thick stems; interpalatine processes squared off; maxillo-palatine processes prolonged, apically broadened elliptic flaps. Both nasal bar and wing of ectethmoid massively thickened, the latter developed into a huge foot along the jugal, both together almost occluding the latero-nasal aperture; ventral face of ectethmoids grooved to accomodate the mandibular angle. Temporal fossae narrow and elongate, flanked by round-tipped postorbital and zygomatic processes.

<==Anthochaera Vigors & Horsfield 1827 B94
    |--+--A. chrysoptera (Latham 1801) JF06, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
    |  |    |--A. c. chrysoptera M03
    |  |    |--A. c. halmaturina M03
    |  |    `--A. c. tasmanica M03
    |  `--A. lunulata Gould 1838 JF06, WS48 [=A. chrysoptera lunulata M03]
    `--+--Xanthomyza phrygia JF06
       `--+--A. carunculata (White 1790) JF06, B94 [=Merops carunculata B94]
          |    |--A. c. carunculata M03
          |    |--A. c. clelandi M03
          |    `--A. c. woodwardi Mathews 1912 [incl. Coleia carunculata perthi Mathews 1923] WS48
          `--A. paradoxa JF06

Anthochaera chrysoptera (Latham 1801) JF06, WS48 [=Merops chrysopterus WS48; incl. A. chrysoptera albani Mathews 1923 WS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149-186.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

Schodde, R., & I. J. Mason. 1999. The Directory of Australian Birds: Passerines. CSIRO.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

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