Aplonis

Metallic starling Aplonis metallica, photographed by Ian Montgomery.


Belongs within: Sturninae.

Aplonis is a genus of starlings found primarily on islands in south-east Asia, Australasia and Oceania. Members of this genus are uniformly dark-coloured as adults (juveniles may have pale underparts), often with a metallic gloss.

Aplonis JF06
    |--+--A. cantoroides JF06
    |  `--+--A. minor Sarasin 1913 JF06, S13 [=A. atronitens minor S13]
    |     `--A. panayensis JF06
    |          |--A. p. panayensis R02
    |          `--A. p. sanghirensis R02
    `--+--A. grandis JF06
       `--+--+--A. brunneicapillus JT12
          |  `--+--A. metallica JT12
          |     |    |--A. m. metallica M03
          |     |    `--A. m. circumscripta M03
          |     `--A. pelzelni JT12
          `--+--A. insularis JT12
             `--+--A. cinerascens JT12
                `--A. tabuensis JT12

Aplonis incertae sedis:
  A. atrifusca JT12
  A. atronitens S13
  A. caledonica [incl. A. viridigrisea] S13
  A. corvina FP64
  A. crassa JT12
  A. dichroa JT12
  A. feadensis JT12
  A. fusca Gould 1836 WH02
    |--A. f. fusca M03
    `--A. f. hullianus M03
  A. magna JT12
  A. mavornata FP64
  A. mysolensis JT12
  A. mystacea JT12
  A. opaca FR98
  A. santovestris JT12
  A. striata JT12
  A. zelandica JT12

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[FR64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[FR98] Fritts, T. H., & G. H. Rodda. 1998. The role of introduced species in the degradation of island ecosystems: a case history of Guam. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 113-140.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149-186.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[R02] Riley, J. 2002. Population sizes and the status of endemic and restricted-range bird species on Sangihe Island, Indonesia. Bird Conservation International 12: 53-78.

[S13] Sarasin, F. 1913. Die Vögel Neu-Caledoniens und der Loyalty-Inseln. In Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1, Heft I (F. Sarasin & J. Roux, eds) pp. 1-78, pl. 1-3. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

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