Golden oriole Oriolus oriolus, photographed by Crusier.

Belongs within: Corvoidea.

The Oriolidae includes the Old World orioles, forest-dwelling birds found in tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World. They are starling-sized birds from eight to twelve inches in length, with short fine bristles concealing the nostrils. The wings have ten primary feathers, and the tails have twelve feathers (Austin 1961).

    |--Pitohui JT12
    |    |--P. dichrous JF11
    |    `--P. kirhocephalus JF11
    `--+--Sphecotheres Vieillot 1816 JT12, B94 [Sphecotheridae]
       |    |--S. flaviventris T62 [=S. viridis flaviventris M03; incl. S. viridis ashbyi M03]
       |    |--S. hypoleucus JT12
       |    |--S. vieilloti JF11 [=S. viridis vieilloti M03]
       |    `--S. viridis BC04
       `--Oriolus Linné 1766 JT12, B94 [incl. Analcipus Swainson 1831 B94; Analcipodidae]
            |  i. s.: O. ceylonensis W66
            |         O. cochinsinensis S89
            |         O. crassirostris JT12
            |         O. diffusus Sharpe 1877 [incl. O. indicus Oat. 1883] S89
            |         O. galbula D66
            |         O. melanocephalus S89
            |         O. tenuirostris S89
            |--O. mellianus JT12
            `--+--+--O. phaeochromus JT12
               |  `--+--+--O. bouroensis JT12
               |     |  `--O. forsteni JT12
               |     `--+--O. sagittatus (Latham 1801) JT12, WS48 [=Coracias sagittata WS48]
               |        |    |--O. s. sagittatus M03
               |        |    |--O. s. affinis Gould 1848 [incl. O. sagittatus blaauwi Mathews 1912] WS48
               |        |    `--O. s. magnirostris [incl. O. s. grisescens] M03
               |        `--+--O. flavocinctus (Vigors 1826) JT12, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
               |           `--+--O. melanotis JT12
               |              `--O. szalayi JT12
               `--+--+--O. xanthonotus JT12
                  |  `--+--O. steerii JT12
                  |     `--+--O. albiloris JT12
                  |        `--O. isabellae JT12
                  `--+--+--O. traillii JT12 [=Analcipus trailli S89]
                     |  `--+--O. cruentus JT12
                     |     `--O. hosii JT12
                     `--+--+--O. xanthornus JT12
                        |  `--+--O. brachyrhynchus JT12
                        |     `--O. chlorocephalus JT12
                        `--+--+--O. auratus JT12
                           |  `--+--O. chinensis JT12
                           |     |    |--O. c. chinensis R02
                           |     |    `--O. c. sanghirensis R02
                           |     `--O. oriolus JT12
                           `--+--O. monacha (Gmelin 1789) JT12, S05 [incl. O. moloxita Rüppell 1835 S05]
                              `--+--O. larvatus JT12
                                 `--+--O. nigripennis JT12
                                    `--O. percivali JT12

Oriolus flavocinctus (Vigors 1826) JT12, WS48 [=Mimetes flavocinctus WS48; incl. O. flavocinctus parryi Mathews 1912 WS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated


Austin, O. L., Jr. 1961. Birds of the World: A survey of the twenty-seven orders and one hundred and fifty-five families. Paul Hamlyn: London.

[BC04] Barker, F. K., A. Cibois, P. Schikler, J. Feinstein & J. Cracraft. 2004. Phylogeny and diversification of the largest avian radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 101 (30): 11040-11045.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[D66] Dohrn, H. 1866. Synopsis of the birds of Ilha do Principe, with some remarks on their habits and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 324-332.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[JF11] Jønsson, K. A., P.-H. Fabre, R. E. Ricklefs & J. Fjeldså. 2011. Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (6): 2328-2333.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[R02] Riley, J. 2002. Population sizes and the status of endemic and restricted-range bird species on Sangihe Island, Indonesia. Bird Conservation International 12: 53-78.

[S89] Salvadori, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea nella Birmania e nelle regioni vicine. XIX. – Uccelli raccolti nei Monti Carin a nord-est di Tounghoo, nel Pegù presso Rangoon e Tounghoo e nel Tenasserim presso Malewoon. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 369-438.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233-264.

[T62] Tendeiro, J. 1962. Estudos sobre malófagos: Revisão monográfica do género Columbicola Ewing (Ischnocera, Philopteridae). Memórias da Junta de Investigações do Ultramar, ser. 2, 32: 7-460.

[W66] Walden, A. 1866. Notes on birds collected in Tennasserim and in the Andaman Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 537-556.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

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