Drakensberg rockjumper Chaetops aurantius, copyright Brendan Ryan.

Belongs within: Euoscines.
Contains: Melanocharitidae, Petroicidae, Sylviida, Muscicapida, Passerida.

The Passerides are a diverse clade of passerine birds supported by molecular data, including the majority of songbird lineages found in the Northern Hemisphere.

<==Passerides OF19
    |--Cnemophilus De Vis 1890 B94 [Cnemophilidae OF19]
    |    |--C. macgregorii JT12
    |    `--+--C. loriae JT12
    |       `--Loboparadisaea sericea JT12
    `--+--Melanocharitidae OF19
       `--+--+--Notiomystis Richmond 1908 CC10 [=Pogonornis Gray 1846 non Billberg 1828 CC10; Notiomystidae OF19]
          |  |    `--*N. cincta (du Bus de Gisignies 1839) (see below for synonymy) CC10
          |  `--Callaeidae [Callaeadides, Callaeatidae, Creadionidae, Creationtidae, Heteralochidae] OF19
          |       |--Callaeas Forster 1788 [=Callaeus Gray 1840, Calloeas Daudin 1800, Glaucopis Gmelin 1788] CC10
          |       |    |--*C. cinerea (Gmelin 1788) (see below for synonymy) CC10
          |       |    `--C. wilsoni (Bonaparte 1851) (see below for synonymy) CC10
          |       |--Heteralocha Cabanis 1851 (nom. cons.) [=Neomorpha Gould 1837 (nom. rej.)] CC10
          |       |    `--H. acutirostris (Gould 1837) (see below for synonymy) CC10
          |       `--Philesturnus Geoffroy St-Hilaire 1832 (see below for synonymy) CC10
          |            |--*P. carunculatus (Gmelin 1789) (see below for synonymy) CC10
          |            `--P. rufusater (Lesson 1828) (see below for synonymy) CC10
          `--+--+--Eupetidae [Picathartidae, Picathartii, Picathartinae] OF19
             |  |    |--Eupetes Temminck 1831 OF19, B94
             |  |    |    `--E. macrocerus JF07
             |  |    `--+--Picathartes Lesson 1828 OF19, B94
             |  |       |    |--P. gymnocephalus JF07
             |  |       |    `--P. oreas JT12
             |  |       `--Chaetops OF19
             |  |            |--C. aurantius Layard 1867 [=C. frenatus aurantius] B93
             |  |            `--C. frenatus JF07
             |  `--Petroicidae OF19
             `--Eupasseri [Thryothoridae, Timaliini, Tryothorinae] EIJ03
                  |--Sylviida OF19
                  `--+--Muscicapida OF19
                     `--Passerida OF19

*Callaeas cinerea (Gmelin 1788) [=*Glaucopis cinerea, Ca. cinereus; incl. Cryptorhina callaeas Wagler 1827] CC10

Callaeas wilsoni (Bonaparte 1851) [=Glaucopis wilsoni, C. cinerea wilsoni; incl. C. olivascens Pelzeln 1867, Glaucopis olivascens] CC10

Heteralocha acutirostris (Gould 1837) [=*Neomorpha acutirostris, N. gouldii Gray 1841, *Heteralocha gouldi; incl. N. crassirostris Gould 1837] CC10

*Notiomystis cincta (du Bus de Gisignies 1839) [=Meliphaga cincta, *Pogonornis cincta, Ptilotis cincta; incl. Pt. auritus Lafresnaye 1839, Notiomystis cincta hautara Mathews 1935] CC10

Philesturnus Geoffroy St-Hilaire 1832 [=Oxystomus Swainson 1837 non Fischer v. Waldheim 1803; Philesturnidae] CC10

*Philesturnus carunculatus (Gmelin 1789) [=Sturnus carunculatus, Creadion carunculatus, *Oxystomus carunculatus, Philesturnus carunculata, Xanthornus carunculatus, Creadion novaezealandiae Stephens in Shaw 1826, Cr. pharoides Vieillot 1817; incl. Cr. cinereus Buller 1865] CC10

Philesturnus rufusater (Lesson 1828) [=Icterus rufusater, Creadion carunculatus rufusater, Philesturnus carunculatus rufusater; incl. I. novaezealandiae Lesson & Garrot 1829 non Creadion novaezealandiae Stephens 1826] CC10

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[B93] Brooke, R. K. 1993. Annotated catalogue of the Aves type specimens in the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum 102 (10): 327–349.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[EIJ03] Ericson, P. G. P., M. Irestedt & U. S. Johansson. 2003. Evolution, biogeography, and patterns of diversification in passerine birds. Journal of Avian Biology 34 (1): 3–15.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF07] Jønsson, K. A., J. Fjeldså, P. G. P. Ericson & M. Irestedt. 2007. Systematic placement of an enigmatic southeast Asian taxon Eupetes macrocerus and implications for the biogeography of a main songbird radiation, the Passerida. Biology Letters 3 (3): 323–326.

[OF19] Oliveros, C. H., D. J. Field, D. T. Ksepka, F. K. Barker, A. Aleixo, M. J. Andersen, P. Alström, B. W. Benz, E. L. Braun, M. J. Braun, G. A. Bravo, R. T. Brumfield, R. T. Chesser, S. Claramunt, J. Cracraft, A. M. Cuervo, E. P. Derryberry, T. C. Glenn, M. G. Harvey, P. A. Hosner, L. Joseph, R. T. Kimball, A. L. Mack, C. M. Miskelly, A. T. Peterson, M. B. Robbins, F. H. Sheldon, L. F. Silveira, B. T. Smith, N. D. White, R. G. Moyle & B. C. Faircloth. 2019. Earth history and the passerine superradiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 116 (16): 7916–7925.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS