Cracticidae

Pied butcherbird Cracticus nigrogularis, photographed by Michael Schmid.


Belongs within: Corvoidea.

The Cracticidae include the butcherbirds and currawongs, relatively large omnivorous passerines found in Australia and New Guinea. Cracticids are often strikingly coloured, and are noted for their songs.

Characters (from the Internet Bird Collection): Medium-sized to large passerines, most with longish wings, long tail, long and generally stout bill with hooked tip, ground-foraging species short-tailed; plumage black and white, sometimes with grey.

<==Cracticidae [Cracticinae, Streperidae] B94
    |--Strepera Lesson 1831 [Streperinae] B94
    |    |--S. fuliginosa M03
    |    |--S. graculina BC04
    |    |    |--S. g. graculina [incl. S. g. nebulosa, S. g. robinsoni] M03
    |    |    |--S. g. crissalis M03
    |    |    `--S. g. magnirostris M03
    |    `--S. versicolor (Latham 1801) [=Corvus versicolor] WS48
    |         |--S. v. versicolor M03
    |         |--S. v. arguta M03
    |         |--S. v. halmaturina M03
    |         |--S. v. intermedia M03
    |         |--S. v. melanoptera M03
    |         `--S. v. plumbea Gould 1846 WS48
    `--Cracticus Vieillot 1816 [incl. Barita Cuvier 1816; Baritidae, Baritinae] B94
         |  i. s.: C. cassicus JT12
         |         ‘Barita’ destructor B66
         |         C. louisiadensis JT12
         |         C. mentalis M03
         |         C. torquatus (Latham 1801) [=Lanius torquatus] WS48
         |           |--C. t. torquatus M03
         |           |--C. t. argenteus Gould 1840 WS48
         |           |--C. t. cinereus M03
         |           |--C. t. colletti M03
         |           |--C. t. latens SJ85
         |           `--C. t. leucopterus Gould 1848 WS48
         |--C. nigrogularis (Gould 1837) JT12, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
         `---+--C. quoyi JT12
             |    |--C. q. quoyi M03
             |    |--C. q. alecto M03
             |    |--C. q. jardini M03
             |    |--C. q. rufescens M03
             |    `--C. q. spaldingi M03
             `--Gymnorhina Gray 1840 JT12, B94 [Gymnorhininae]
                  |--G. dorsalis Campbell 1894 WS48 [=G. tibicen dorsalis M03, Cracticus tibicen dorsalis SJ85]
                  `--G. tibicen (Latham 1801) WS48 [=Coracias tibicen WS48, Cracticus tibicen SJ85]
                       |--G. t. tibicen [incl. G. t. terraereginae] M03
                       |--G. t. eylandtensis M03
                       |--G. t. hypoleuca (Gould 1837) R85
                       |--G. t. leuconota M03
                       `--G. t. longirostris Milligan 1903 WS48

Cracticus nigrogularis (Gould 1837) JT12, WS48 [=Vanga nigrogularis WS48; incl. C. nigrogularis coongani Mathews 1923 WS48, C. nigrogularis kalgoorli Mathews 1912 WS48, C. nigrogularis picatus M03, C. nigrogularis tormenti Mathews 1912 WS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BC04] Barker, F. K., A. Cibois, P. Schikler, J. Feinstein & J. Cracraft. 2004. Phylogeny and diversification of the largest avian radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 101 (30): 11040-11045.

[B66] Bartlett, A. D. 1866. Notes on the breeding of several species of birds in the Society's gardens during the year 1865. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 76-79.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[R85] Robertson, C. J. R. (ed.) 1985. Reader’s Digest Complete Book of New Zealand Birds. Reader’s Digest: Sydney.

[SJ85] Storr, G. M., & R. E. Johnstone. 1985. Field Guide to the Birds of Western Australia 2nd ed. Western Australian Museum: Perth (Australia).

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS