Oceanitinae

Wilson's storm petrel Oceanites oceanicus, photographed by J. J. Harrison.


Belongs within: Procellariiformes.

The Oceanitinae includes the southern storm petrels, small seabirds that are mostly found in the Southern Hemisphere. They feed by 'walking' along the surface of the water, picking small animals from the surface (Campbell & Lack 1985).

Characters (from Campbell & Lack 1985): Wings short, rounded; tail nearly square; tarsi long; toes short.

<==Oceanitinae MPR02
    |  i. s.: Nesofregetta fuliginosa MPR02
    |--Oceanites Keyserling & Blasius 1840 JT12, B94
    |    |--O. gracilis JT12
    |    |--O. maorianus (Mathews 1932) [=Pealeornis maoriana] WH02
    |    |--O. marinus SJ85
    |    |--O. nereis HR96
    |    |--O. oceanicus (Kuhl 1820) [=Procellaria oceanica] WS48
    |    |    |--O. o. oceanicus M03
    |    |    `--O. o. exasperatus M03
    |    `--O. zaloscarthmus Olson 1985 B93
    `--+--Fregetta JT12
       |    |--F. grallaria (Vieillot 1817) WH02
       |    `--F. tropica (Gould 1844) WH02
       |         |--F. t. tropica M03
       |         `--F. t. melanoleuca M03
       `--+--Garrodia nereis (Gould 1841) JT12, WH02
          `--Pelagodroma JT12
               |--P. albiclunis Murphy & Irving 1951 WH02 [=P. marina albiclunis HWT01]
               `--P. marina (Latham 1790) [=Procellaria marina] WS48
                    |--P. m. marina R85
                    |--P. m. dulciae Mathews 1912 R85
                    `--P. m. maoriana Mathews 1912 R85

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[B93] Brooke, R. K. 1993. Annotated catalogue of the Aves type specimens in the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum 102 (10): 327-349.

Campbell, B., & E. Lack. 1985. A Dictionary of Birds. A. & C. Black.

[HR96] Heather, B. D., & H. A. Robertson. 1996. The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand. Viking: Auckland.

[HWT01] Holdaway, R. N., T. H. Worthy & A. J. D. Tennyson. 2001. A working list of breeding bird species of the New Zealand region at first human contact. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 28: 119-187.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[MPR02] Mayr, G., D. S. Peters & S. Rietschel. 2002. Petrel-like birds with a peculiar foot morphology from the Oligocene of Germany and Belgium (Aves: Procellariiformes). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22 (3): 667-676.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[R85] Robertson, C. J. R. (ed.) 1985. Reader’s Digest Complete Book of New Zealand Birds. Reader’s Digest: Sydney.

[SJ85] Storr, G. M., & R. E. Johnstone. 1985. Field Guide to the Birds of Western Australia 2nd ed. Western Australian Museum: Perth (Australia).

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS