Clypeata

Black and red froghopper Cercopsis vulnerata, photographed by Lacerta.


Belongs within: Cicadomorpha.
Contains: Cicadellidae, Tibicinidae, Cicadidae.

The Clypeata are a clade including all living species of the Cicadomorpha. They are characterised by a large, swollen postclypeus, and probably ancestrally feed on xylem (some subgroups feed on phloem or mesophyll) (Shcherbakov & Popov 2002).

<==Clypeata
    |--Vietocycla [Hylicellidae, Hylicelloidea] SP02
    |--Cicadelloidea [Membracoidea] GE05
    |    |--Karajassidae GE05
    |    |--Aetalionidae SP02
    |    |--Jascopidae GE05
    |    |--Cicadellidae GE05
    |    `--Membracidae GE05
    |         |--Acanthucus trispinifer (Fairmaire 1846) H82
    |         |--Machaerotypus YS01
    |         |--Enchenopa binotata GE05
    |         |--Aconophora compressa MHG04
    |         `--Eutryonia monstrifer ZS10
    `--+--Cicadoidea SP02
       |    |  i. s.: Liassocicada GE05
       |    |--Tibicinidae ZA05
       |    |--Cicadidae ZA05
       |    `--Tettigarctidae [Cicadaprosbolidae] GE05
       |         |--Turutanovia karatavica SP02
       |         |--Tettigarcta SP02
       |         `--Eotettigarcta GE05
       `--Cercopoidea SP02
            |--Procercopoidae GE05
            |--Clastopteridae GE05
            |--Macherotidae GE05
            |--Cercopionidae GE05
            |--Aphrophoridae [Aphrophorinae] GE05
            |    |--Aphrophora YS01
            |    `--Perinoia speiseri Distant 1914 D14
            `--Cercopidae GE05
                 |--Philaenus spumarius WFS04
                 |--Eoscartopis YS01
                 |--Aufidus ZS10
                 `--Cercopsis vulnerata I92

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[D14] Distant, W. L. 1914. Rhynchota from New Caledonia and the surrounding islands. In Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1, Heft IV (F. Sarasin & J. Roux, eds) pp. 369-390, pl. 11-12. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H82] Helmore, D. W. 1982. Drawings of New Zealand insects. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of New Zealand 8: 1-52.

[I92] Imes, R. 1992. The Practical Entomologist. Aurum Press: London.

[MHG04] Maynard, G. V., J. G. Hamilton & J. F. Grimshaw. 2004. Quarantine—phytosanitary, sanitary and incursion management: an Australian entomological perspective. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 318-328.

[SP02] Shcherbakov, D. E., & Yu. A. Popov. 2002. Superorder Cimicidea Laicharting, 1781: Order Hemiptera Linné, 1758. The bugs, cicadas, plantlice, scale insects, etc. [=Cimicida Laicharting, 1781, =Homoptera Leach, 1815 + Heteroptera Latreille, 1810). In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 143-157. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[WFS04] Winks, C. J., S. V. Fowler & L. A. Smith. 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61-72.

[YS01] Yoshizawa, K., & T. Saigusa. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of paraneopteran orders (Insecta: Neoptera) based on forewing base structure with comments on monophyly of Auchenorrhycha (Hemiptera). Systematic Entomology 26: 1-13.

[ZA05] Zaidi, M. I., & S. Azman. 2005. Cicada fauna (Homoptera: Cicadoidea) of the National Park of Peninsular Malaysia. Serangga 10 (1-2): 49-58.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P. & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

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