Lohmanniidae

Meristacarus sp., from here.


Belongs within: Hypochthonioidea.
Contains: Lohmannia (Lohmannia), Mixacarus (Mixacarus).

The Lohmanniidae are a family of enarthronote oribatids in which the notogaster has becomed fused into a single dorsal shield. Broad ventral keels on the femora function in protection when the legs are retracted into ventrolateral pedofossae. Lohmanniids. are found mostly in tropical regions, where they are important decomposers of higher-plant remains (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009). Sexual reproduction is as yet unknown in lohmanniids.

Characters (from Balogh & Balogh 1992): Notogaster without transverse sutures; anogenital region of macropyline type (genital and anal plates not separated by a ventral plate); preanal plate usually present (if exceptionally absent, then either body somewhat laterally flattened or sensillus pectinate); legs with five free segments, tibia and genua of similar length and shape.

<==Lohmanniidae [Afissurida, Lohmannini, Lohmannioidea]
    |--Ululohmannia Mahunka 1987 S04 [=Austracarus Mahunka 1984 nec Lawrence 1949 nec Balogh & Balogh 1983 CH98]
    |    `--*U. cristata (Mahunka 1984) [=Austracarus cristatus] S04
    |--Strinatacarus Mahunka 1977 S04
    |    `--*S. aelleni Mahunka 1977 S04
    |--Dendracarus Balogh 1961 S04
    |    `--*D. pulchellus Balogh 1961 S04
    |--Reptacarus Pérez-Íñigo & Peña 1995 S04
    |    `-*R. sagatus Pérez-Íñigo & Peña 1995 S04
    |--Meristolohmannia Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
    |    |--*M. meristacaroides Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
    |    `--M. chinensis (Bulanova-Zachvatkina 1960) [=Meristacarus chinensis] S04
    |--Ozacarus Colloff & Halliday 1998 [=Austracarus Balogh & Balogh 1983 non Lawrence 1949] S04
    |    |--*O. reductus (Balogh & Balogh 1983) S04 [=*Austracarus reductus BB92]
    |    `--O. tahitiensis (Hammer 1972) [=Meristacarus tahitiensis] S04
    |--Xenolohmannia Balogh & Mahunka 1969 [Xenolohmanniidae] S04
    |    |--*X. discrepans Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
    |    |--X. capillata Balogh & Mahunka 1978 S04
    |    `--X. comosa Balogh 1984 S04
    |--Lepidacarus Csiszár 1961 S04
    |    |--*L. ornatissimus Csiszár 1961 S04
    |    |    |--L. o. ornatissimus S04
    |    |    `--L. o. rehmabia Haq, Mubarak & Ramani 1983 S04
    |    `--L. ennarpi Haq & Ramani 1997 S04
    |--Lohmannia Michael 1898 S04
    |    |  i. s.: L. murcioides Berl. 1896 BB92
    |    |--L. (Lohmannia) S04
    |    `--L. (Carolohmannia Norton, Metz & Sharma 1978) S04
    |         `--L. (*C.) carolensis Norton, Metz & Sharma 1978 S04
    |--Thamnacarus Grandjean 1950 [incl. Asiacarus Krivolutsky 1971] S04
    |    |--*T. deserticola (Grandjean 1934) [=Lohmannia deserticola] S04
    |    |--T. arnoldii (Bashkirova 1958) [=Trhypochthonius arnoldii] S04
    |    |--T. elongatus (Krivolutsky 1971) [=Asiacarus elongatus; incl. T. moribei Aoki 1971] S04
    |    |--T. longisetosus Bulanova-Zachvatkina 1978 S04
    |    `--T. smirnovi Bulanova-Zachvatkina 1978 S04
    |--Mixacarus Balogh 1958 S04
    |    |--M. (Mixacarus) S04
    |    `--M. (Phyllolohmannia Balogh & Balogh 1987) S04
    |         |--M. (*P.) hammani Balogh 1961 S04
    |         |--M. (P.) foliifer Golosova 1984 S04
    |         `--M. (P.) yinae (Hu & Aoki 1993) [=Phyllolohmannia yinae] S04
    |--Cryptacarus Grandjean 1950 S04
    |    |--*C. promecus Grandjean 1950 [incl. Lohmannia valdemorica Mihelčič 1956] S04
    |    |--C. dendrisetosus Bhattacharya, Bhaduri & Raychaudhuri 1974 S04
    |    |--C. grandjeani Clement & Haq 1990 H01
    |    |--C. schauenbergi Mahunka 1977 S04
    |    `--C. tuberculatus Csiszár 1961 S04
    |--Nesiacarus Csiszár 1961 S04
    |    |--*N. reticulatus Csiszár 1961 S04
    |    |--N. australis Balogh & Mahunka 1981 S04
    |    |--N. completus Hu & Wang 1989 S04
    |    |--N. granulatus Hammer 1972 S04
    |    |--N. philippinensis Mahunka 1990 S94
    |    |--N. schusteri Schatz 1994 S04
    |    `--N. sinensis Hu & Wang 1988 S04
    |--Heptacarus Piffl 1963 [incl. Neotrichacarus Hammer 1973, Pseudocryptacarus McDaniel, Norton & Bolen 1979] S04
    |    |--*H. notoneotrichus Piffl 1963 S04
    |    |--H. encantadae Schatz 1994 S04
    |    |--H. graminosus (McDaniel, Norton & Bolen 1979) [=Pseudocryptacarus graminosus] S04
    |    |--H. hirsutus Wallwork 1964 S04
    |    |--H. neotropicus Mahunka 1985 S04
    |    |--H. ornatus Bayoumi & Al-Khalifa 1985 S04
    |    |--H. piffli Mahunka 1977 S04
    |    |--H. plumosus (Hammer 1973) [=Neotrichacarus plumosus] S04
    |    |--H. reticulatus Mahunka 1977 S04
    |    `--H. supertrichus Piffl 1966 S94
    |--Haplacarus Wallwork 1962 S04
    |    |--*H. foliatus Wallwork 1962 S04
    |    |    |--H. f. foliatus S04
    |    |    `--H. f. bengalensis Bhattacharya, Bhaduri & Raychaudhuri 1974 S04
    |    |--H. bhadurii Sanyal 1984 S04
    |    |--H. javensis Hammer 1979 S04
    |    |--H. keralensis Haq, Mubarak & Ramani 1983 S04
    |    |--H. maharashtraensis Sanyal 1984 S04
    |    |--H. pairathi Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--H. pandanus Sengbusch 1982 S04
    |    |--H. porosus Jaikumar & Ramani 1994 S04
    |    `--H. rugosus Mahunka 1987 S04
    |--Javacarus Balogh 1961 [incl. Tongacarus Hammer 1973] S04
    |    |--*J. kuehnelti Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |--J. foliatus Hammer 1972 [=J. kuehnelti foliatus] S04
    |    |--J. granulatus Csiszár 1961 S04
    |    |--J. inexpectatus Balogh 1962 S04
    |    |--J. jocelynae Judson 1991 S04
    |    |--J. marginatus (Hammer 1973) (n. d.) [=Tongacarus marginatus] S04
    |    |--J. porosus Hammer 1960 S04
    |    `--J. reticulatus Sengbusch 1982 S04
    |--Euryacarus Woolley 1966 S04
    |    |--*E. petalus Woolley 1966 S04, S94 [=Javacarus (*Euryacarus) petalus S04]
    |    `--E. pilosus Mahunka 1982 S94 [=Javacarus (Euryacarus) pilosus S04]
    |--Paulianacarus Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |--P. (Paulianacarus) S04
    |    |    |--*P. (P.) laevis Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) barlowi Coetzee 2001 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) foliatus Mondal & Chakrabarti 1982 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) grobleri Coetzee 2001 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) nodosus Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) rugosus Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) rugulosus Mahunka 1995 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) sarbias Coetzee 2001 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |    `--P. (P.) simplisetosus Mahunka 1985 S04
    |    `--P. (Millotacarus Balogh 1961) S04
    |         |--P. (*M.) granulatus (Balogh 1961) [=*Millotacarus granulatus] S04
    |         |--P. (M.) indicus (Sanyal 1992) [=Millotacarus indicus] S04
    |         `--P. (M.) orientalis (Mahunka 1988) [=Millotacarus orientalis] S04
    |--Annectacarus Grandjean 1950 S04
    |    |--*A. mucronatus Grandjean 1950 S04
    |    |--A. africanus Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |--A. aokii Jaikumar, Haq & Ramani 1994 S04
    |    |--A. eksteeni Coetzee 2001 S04
    |    |--A. granditrichosus Sengbusch 1984 S04
    |    |--A. hainanensis Hu & Wang 1989 S04
    |    |--A. insculptus Wallwork 1962 S04
    |    |--A. krachan Mahunka 1995 S04
    |    |--A. longisetosus Bhattacharya, Bhaduri & Raychaudhuri 1974 S04
    |    |--A. mahabaeus Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |    |--A. parallelus (Berlese 1916) [=Lohmannia parallela] S04
    |    |--A. perezinigoi Calugar & Vasiliu 1983 S04
    |    |--A. sejugatus Wallwork 1962 S04
    |    |--A. trivandricus Haq 1978 S04
    |    `--A. unilateralis Hammer 1973 S04
    |--Torpacarus Grandjean 1950 [incl. Talpacarus Grandjean 1939 (preoc.)] S04
    |    |--*T. omittens Grandjean 1950 S04
    |    |    |--T. o. omittens S04
    |    |    |--T. o. galapagensis Schatz 1994 S04
    |    |    `--T. o. paraguayensis Balogh & Mahunka 1981 S04
    |    |--T. callipygus Mahunka 1983 S04
    |    |--T. cinctus Wallwork 1962 S04
    |    |--T. cylindricus Starý 1998 S04
    |    |--T. elegans Starý 1998 S04
    |    |--T. foliatus Starý 1998 S04
    |    |--T. foveolatus Wallwork 1962 S04
    |    |--T. gramineus McDaniel, Norton & Bolen 1979 S04
    |    |--T. izabalensis Schatz 1994 S04
    |    |--T. lobatus Starý 1998 S04
    |    |--T. magnus Wallwork 1962 S04
    |    |--T. pseudocallipygus Starý 1998 S04
    |    |--T. remotus Schatz 1994 S04
    |    `--T. schatzi Starý 1998 S04
    |--Meristacarus Grandjean 1934 [incl. Javalohmannia Hammer 1979] S04
    |    |--*M. porcula Grandjean 1934 S04
    |    |--M. africanus Balogh 1958 S04
    |    |    |--M. a. africanus S04
    |    |    `--M. a. annobonensis Pérez-Íñigo 1969 S04
    |    |--M. biroi Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |--M. bogorensis Hammer 1979 S04
    |    |--M. degradatus Haq & Jaikumar 1993 S04
    |    |--M. douhereti Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
    |    |--M. heterotrichus Csiszár 1961 S04
    |    |    |--M. h. heterotrichus S04
    |    |    `--M. h. glabrisetus Mahunka 1988 S04
    |    |--M. longisetosus Mahunka 1978 S04
    |    |--M. madagascarensis Balogh 1964 S04
    |    |    |--M. m. madagascarensis S04
    |    |    `--M. m. obscurus Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--M. rubescens (Canestrini 1897) [=Hermannia rubescens] S04
    |    |--M. striatus (Hammer 1979) (n. d.) [=Javalohmannia striata] S04
    |    |--M. sundensis Hammer 1979 S04
    |    `--M. tuloyus Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |--Vepracarus Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--*V. ogawai Aoki 1965 BB92, S04 [=Papillacarus ogawai S04]
    |    `--V. incompletus Mahunka 1985 S94 [=Papillacarus incompletus S04]
    `--Papillacarus Kunst 1959 [incl. Vepracarus Aoki 1965] S04
         |--*P. aciculatus (Berlese 1905) [=Lohmannia murcioides aciculata] S04
         |--P. abchasicus Tarba 1985 S04
         |--P. aequalis Mahunka 1991 S04
         |--P. akimovi Sergienko 1992 S04
         |--P. angulatus Wallwork 1962 S04
         |--P. arboriseta Jeleva & Vu 1987 S04
         |--P. chamartinensis Pérez-Íñigo 1967 S04
         |--P. cornutus (Sarkar & Subías 1984) [=Vepracarus cornutus] S04
         |--P. cruzae Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
         |--P. echinatus Li & Chen 1991 S04
         |--P. egypticus Elbadry & Nasr 1977 S04
         |--P. gueyeae (Pérez-Íñigo 1989) [=Vepracarus gueyeae] S04
         |--P. hirsutus (Aoki 1961) [=Cryptacarus hirsutus] S04
         |--P. indicus Kardar 1972 S04
         |--P. koreanus (Mahunka 1973) [=Vepracarus koreanus] S04
         |--P. lienhardi Mahunka 1997 S04
         |--P. ondriasi Mahunka 1974 S04
         |--P. pavlovskii (Bulanova-Zachvatkina 1960) [=Thamnacarus pavlovskii] S04
         |--P. pseudoaciculatus Mahunka 1980 S04
         |--P. punctatus Hu & Wang 1989 S04
         |--P. ramirezae (Corpuz-Raros 1979) [=Vepracarus ramirezae] S04
         |--P. ramosus Balogh 1961 S04
         |--P. simplirostratus Bhattacharya, Bhaduri & Raychaudhuri 1974 S04
         |--P. spinosus Bischoff de Alzuet 1972 S94
         |--P. undirostratus Aoki 1965 S04
         `--P. vitis Elbadry & Nasr 1977 S04

Paulianacarus (Paulianacarus) sarbias Coetzee 2001 [incl. P. foliatus Sarkar & Subías 1984 non Mondal & Chakrabarti 1982, P. sarkari Balogh 2002] S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB92] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H01] Haq, M. A. 2001. Potential oribatid mite vectors of cestode parasites in Kerala, India. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 569–575. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[S94] Schatz, H. 1994. Lohmanniidae (Acari: Oribatida) from the Galapagos Islands, the Cocos Island, and Central America. Acarologia 35 (3): 267–287.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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