Cicadellidae

Unidentified Erythroneura species, photographed by Stephen Cresswell.


Belongs within: Clypeata.
Contains: Agalliinae, Proconiini, Cicadellini, Deltocephalini, Hecalini, Euscelini.

The Cicadellidae, leafhoppers, are a diverse family of small plant-feeding insects.

Characters (from Carver et al. 1991): Fore wing usually with M1+2 apically fused with RP; base of aedeagus attached ventrally; hind tibiae with numerous spines.

<==Cicadellidae
    |--Tinterominae WT07
    |--Agalliinae L61
    |--Cephalelus [Cephalelinae] L61
    |    `--C. infumatus Percheron 1832 [incl. Dorydium paradoxum Burmeister 1839] L61
    |--Ledrinae [Ledridae] L61
    |    |--Ledra YS01
    |    `--Camptelasmus signatus Linnavuori 1961 L61
    |--Iassinae L61
    |    |--Batrachomorphus L61
    |    |    |--B. cedaranus (Naudé 1926) [=Bythoscopus cedaranus] L61
    |    |    `--B. subolivaceus (Stål 1855) [=Bythoscopus subolivaceus] L61
    |    `--Iassus annulipes Lucas 1847 E12
    |--Paradorydium [Paradorydiinae] L61
    |    |--P. elongatus (Naudé 1926) [=Dorydium elongatum] L61
    |    `--P. spatulatum (Naudé 1926) [=Dorydium spatulatum] L61
    |--Coelidiinae L61
    |    |--Palicus fuscovarius (Stål 1855) [=Coelidia fuscovaria; incl. Jassus setifer Walker 1858] L61
    |    `--Equeefa castelnaui Distant 1910 L61
    |--Erythroneura [Typhlocybinae] L61
    |    |--E. cicadulosa Naudé 1926 L61
    |    |--E. elegia (Cogan 1916) [=Typhlocyba elegia] L61
    |    `--E. nuchalis Jacobi 1910 L61
    |--Ulopinae L61
    |    |--Coloborrhis corticina Germar 1836 (see below for synonymy) L61
    |    |--Caplopa turneri Evans 1947 L61
    |    `--Rhodulopa Linnavuori 1961 L61
    |         `--*R. granulosa Linnavuori 1961 L61
    |--Cicadellinae WT07
    |    |  i. s.: Tettigella China & Fennah 1945 WT07
    |    |         Guineotetta distensa Young 1986 [incl. Maguangua biroi Wilson & Takiya 2007 (n. n.)] WT07
    |    |         Resimaguina bergmani Young 1986 WT07
    |    |--Proconiini WT07
    |    |--Cicadellini WT07
    |    `--Mileewa [Mileewanini] L61
    |         `--M. typhlocyboides (Signoret 1854) [=Tettigonia typhlocyboides, Cicadella typhlocyboides] L61
    |--Idiocerinae VP02
    |    |--Zaletta webbi Fletcher 2007 FM08
    |    |--Idiocerus L61
    |    |    |--I. cuneiformis Naudé 1926 L61
    |    |    `--I. ohopohoensis Linnavuori 1961 L61
    |    `--Periacerus Viraktamath & Parvathi 2002 VP02
    |         |--*P. lalithae (Viraktamath 1979) [=Idioscopus lalithae] VP02
    |         |--P. bidentatus Viraktamath & Parvathi 2002 VP02
    |         `--P. lankensis Viraktamath & Parvathi 2002 VP02
    |--Deltocephalinae FM08
    |    |--Goniagnathus Fieber 1866 [Goniagnathini] FM08
    |    |--Athysanini FM08
    |    |    |--Gunawardenea Fletcher & Moir 2008 FM08
    |    |    |    |--*G. linnaei Fletcher & Moir 2008 FM08
    |    |    |    `--G. pulchra Fletcher & Moir 2008 FM08
    |    |    `--Arawa Knight 1975 FM08
    |    |         `--A. variegata M83
    |    |--Drabescini [Drabescinae, Paraboloponini] WT07
    |    |    |--Drabescus YS01
    |    |    |--Drakensbergena Linnavuori 1961 L61
    |    |    |    `--*D. fuscovittata Linnavuori 1961 L61
    |    |    `--Mysolis WT07
    |    |         |--M. biroi (Melichar 1926) [=Erythrogonia biroi, Tettigella biroi] WT07
    |    |         `--M. flavidorsum Walker 1869 WT07
    |    `--Deltocephalini FM08
    `--Euscelinae L61
         |  i. s.: Platymetopius L61
         |--Hecalini L61
         |--Euscelini L61
         |--Penthemiini L61
         |    |--Penthimia YS01
         |    `--Citorus decurtatus Stål 1864 L61
         |--Stymphalus [Scaphytopiini] L61
         |    |--S. modestus Linnavuori 1961 L61
         |    `--S. rubrolineatus L61
         |--Tetartostylus [Tetartostylini] L61
         |    |--T. angulatus Linnavuori 1961 L61
         |    |--T. longistylus Linnavuori 1961 L61
         |    |--T. parabolatus (Naudé 1926) (see below for synonymy) L61
         |    `--T. spadix (Naudé 1926) [=Chlorotettix spadix] L61
         `--Macrostelini L61
              |--Irinula flava Lindberg 1958 L61
              |--Cicadulina mbila (Naudé 1926) [=Balclutha mbila] L61
              |--Balclutha L61
              |    |--B. impicta G18
              |    `--B. longiforma (Cogan 1916) [=Cicadula longiforma] L61
              `--Macrosteles L61
                   |--M. divisifrons (Naudé 1926) [=Cicadula divisifrons] L61
                   |--M. flavoalbidus (Naudé 1926) [=Cicadula flavialbida] L61
                   `--M. nigrifrons (Naudé 1926) [=Cicadula nigrifrons] L61

Cicadellidae incertae sedis:
  Edwardsiana crataegi [incl. Typhlocyba froggatti] TT02
  Nesoclutha pallida M83
  Ribautiana tenerrima M83
  Xestocephalus ovalis M83
  Zygina zealandica M83
  Paracephaleus WFS04
  Bothrogonia YS01
  Pandacerus Webb 1983 VP02
  Psammotettix cephalotes B08, JS03
  Tylozygus Fieber 1866 [incl. Diedrocephla; Errhomenellini] M27
    `--*T. nigrolineatus [=Tettigonia nigrolineata] M27
  Amrasca devastans [incl. A. biguttula] MHG04
  Anoplotettix L61
  Nesophrosyne L61
  Empoasca fabae WCH11

Coloborrhis corticina Germar 1836 [incl. Gubela bellicosa Distant 1910, Oclasma degenerata Melichar 1905, Ulopa sordida Stål 1864] L61

Tetartostylus parabolatus (Naudé 1926) [=Chlorotettix parabolatus; incl. T. parabolatus var. spinosus Linnavuori 1961] L61

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B08] Bartos, M. 2008. Alternative predatory tactics in a juvenile jumping spider. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 300-305.

Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia, 2nd ed., vol. 1, pp. 429-509. Melbourne University Press.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[FM08] Fletcher, M. J., & M. L. Moir. 2008. Gunawardenea, a new genus of squat leafhoppers from Western Australia, with description of two new species (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae). Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (4): 429-436.

[G18] Girault, A. A. 1918. North American Hymenoptera Trichogrammatidae. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 142-152).

[JS03] Jung, H.-Y., T. Sawayanagi, P. Wongkaew, S. Kakizawa, H. Nishigawa, W. Wei, K. Oshima, S. Miyata, M. Ugaki, T. Hibi & S. Namba. 2003. ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma oryzae’, a novel phytoplasma taxon associated with rice yellow dwarf disease. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 1925-1929.

[L61] Linnavuori, R. 1961. Hemiptera (Homoptera): Cicadellidae. In: Hanström, B., P. Brinck & G. Rudebeck. South African Animal Life: Results of the Lund University Expedition in 1950–1951 vol. 8 pp. 452-486. Almqvist & Wiksell: Uppsala.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: An annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1-98.

[MHG04] Maynard, G. V., J. G. Hamilton & J. F. Grimshaw. 2004. Quarantine - phytosanitary, sanitary and incursion management: an Australian entomological perspective. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 318-328.

[M27] Myers, J. G. 1927. On the nomenclature of New Zealand Homoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 685-690.

[TT02] Triapitsyn, S. V., & D. A. J. Teulon. 2002. On the identity of Anagrus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) egg parasitoids of Froggatt’s apple leafhopper, Edwardsiana crataegi (Douglas) (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), in Christchurch, New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 25: 91-92.

[VP02] Viraktamath, C. A., & C. Parvathi. 2002. Description of a new idiocerine genus Periacerus, Hemiptera: Cicadellidae, and two new species from India and Sri Lanka. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 488-494.

[WCH11] Welch, K. D., P. R. Crain & J. D. Harwood. 2011. Phenological dynamics of web-building spider populations in alfalfa: implications for biological control. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 244-249.

[WT07] Wilson, M. R., & D. M. Takiya. 2007. Cicadellinae (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) described by Leopold Melichar in the Hungarian Natural History Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 99: 29-48.

[WFS04] Winks, C. J., S. V. Fowler & L. A. Smith. 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61-72.

[YS01] Yoshizawa, K., & T. Saigusa. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of paraneopteran orders (Insecta: Neoptera) based on forewing base structure with comments on monophyly of Auchenorrhycha (Hemiptera). Systematic Entomology 26: 1-13.

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