Scheloribatidae

Dorsum of Topobates granifer, from Balogh & Balogh (1992b).


Belongs within: Oripodoidea.
Contains: Perscheloribates (Perscheloribates), Scheloribates (Scheloribates).

The Scheloribatidae are a diverse family of oribatid mites with the octotaxic system commonly developed as sacculi, and immovable pteromorphs usually present. The Tongan species Planobates circumalatus has a single pair of setae on the genital plates; other genera have three to five pairs. The notogastral setae are often reduced with only the setal alveoli visible; in the genus Similobates, a single pair p2 remains developed (Balogh & Balogh 1992a). Members of the genus Scheloribates are among the most abundant mites in soil and litter, including in anthropogenic habitats (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009).

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Length 200-650 µm. Prodorsum with prolamella often present; sublamella present; tutorium and pleural carinae absent. Prodorsum curving over gnathosoma, covering chelicerae dorsally; rostrum rounded. Chelicerae with two setae. Bothridium inserted anterior to notogastral margin. Distal eupathidia on palptarsus in same plane. Notogaster with 2-4 pairs of porose areas or saccules. Pteromorphs or humeral projections usually present. Posterior notogastral tectum absent. Sternal furrow extending from genital plates anteriorly on coxisternum often present. 1-4 pairs of genital setae. Pedotectum II present. Femora III-IV each with one porose area; solenidion σ present on genu III.

<==Scheloribatidae [Parapirnodidae]
    |--Planobates Hammer 1973 S04
    |    `--*P. circumalatus Hammer 1973 S04
    |--Rhabdoribates Aoki 1967 S04
    |    `--*R. siamensis Aoki 1967 S04
    |--Fissurobates Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
    |    `--*F. spectabilis Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
    |--Striatobates Hammer 1973 S04
    |    `--*S. tuberculatus Hammer 1973 S04
    |--Samoabates Hammer 1973 S04
    |    `--*S. acutirostrum Hammer 1973 S04
    |--Scheloribatoides Mahunka 1988 S04
    |    `--*S. lamellatus Mahunka 1988 S04
    |--Pachygena Hammer 1972 S04
    |    `--*P. falcata Hammer 1972 S04
    |--Coronibatula Mahunka 1988 S04
    |    `--*C. lienhardi Mahunka 1988 S04
    |--Cosmobates Balogh 1959 S04
    |    `--*C. tunicatus Balogh 1959 S04
    |--Pontiobates Luxton 1989 S04
    |    `--*P. denigratus Luxton 1989 S04
    |--Similobates Mahunka 1982 S04
    |    |--*S. demetororum Mahunka 1982 S04
    |    `--S. deficiens (Wallwork 1977) [=Scheloribates deficiens] S04
    |--Nannerlia Coetzer 1968 S04
    |    |--*N. longiqua Coetzer 1968 S04
    |    |--N. bombretensis Hammer 1977 S04
    |    `--M. elongatissima Mahunka 1984 S04
    |--Annobonzetes Pérez-Íñigo 1983 S04
    |    |--*A. sphaericus Pérez-Íñigo 1983 S04
    |    |--A. latissimus (Berlese 1916) [=Podoribates latissimus] S04
    |    `--A. latus (Warburton 1912) [=Oribata lata] S04
    |--Gerloubia Coetzer 1968 [incl. Fuerteventuria Pérez-Íñigo & Peña 1996] S04
    |    |--*G. bicuspidata (Hammer 1958) [=Eporibatula bicuspidata] BB92a
    |    |--G. chinensis Aoki & Yamamoto 2000 S04
    |    `--G. hispanica Subías 1977 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |--Fijibates Hammer 1971 S04
    |    |--*F. rostratus Hammer 1971 S04
    |    |--F. aelleni (Mahunka 1988) [=Scheloribates aelleni] S04
    |    |--F. anterostratus Corpuz-Raros 1980 S04
    |    `--F. dlouhyi (Mahunka 1984) [=Scheloribates dlouhyi] S04
    |--Parapirnodus Balogh & Mahunka 1968 NB-P09, BB92a
    |    |--*P. longus Balogh & Mahunka 1968 BB92a
    |    |--P. coniferinus Behan-Pelletier, Clayton & Humble 2001 S04
    |    |--P. hexaporosus Behan-Pelletier, Clayton & Humble 2001 S04
    |    `--P. prosopis Martínez, Fernández & Monetti 1996 S04
    |--Perscheloribates Hammer 1973 S04
    |    |--P. (Perscheloribates) S04
    |    |--P. (Makischeloribates Corpuz-Raros 1980) S04
    |    |    `--P. (*M.) tripartitus (Corpuz-Raros 1980) [=*Makischeloribates tripartitus] S04
    |    `--P. (Oxyscheloribates Balogh & Balogh 1990) S04
    |         `--P. (*O.) aculeatus (Hammer 1961) [=Scheloribates aculeatus] S04
    |--Grandjeanobates Ramsay 1967 [incl. Aellenobates Mahunka 1978] S04
    |    |--*G. novazealandicus Hammer 1967 S04
    |    |--G. australis Ramsay 1967 BB92a
    |    |--G. cryptacus (Mahunka 1978) S04 [=*Aellenobates cryptacus BB92a]
    |    |--G. laticlava (Hammer 1961) [=Scheloribates laticlava] S04
    |    `--G. sculpturatus (Mahunka 1988) [=Aellenobates sculpturatus] S04
    |--Hammerabates Balogh 1970 [incl. Otaheitea Hammer 1972, Yoronoribates Aoki 1987] S04
    |    |--*H. trisetosus Balogh 1970 S04
    |    |--H. elongatus Tseng 1984 S04
    |    |--H. minusculus (Aoki 1987) S04 [=*Yoronoribates minusculus BB92a]
    |    |--H. nasalis Mahunka 1983 S04
    |    |--H. rotundus Mahunka 1983 S04
    |    `--H. sulcatus (Hammer 1972) S04 [=*Otaheites sulcata BB92a]
    |--Scheloribates Berlese 1908 S04
    |    |  i. s.: S. azumaensis NB-P09
    |    |         S. madrasensis H01
    |    |--S. (Scheloribates) S04
    |    `--S. (Andeszetes Hammer 1961) [incl. Neoscheloribates Hammer 1973] S04
    |         |--S. (*A.) diversidactylus (Hammer 1961) [=*Andeszetes diversidactylus] S04
    |         |--S. (A.) grandiporosus (Hammer 1973) S04 [=*Neoscheloribates grandiporosus CH98]
    |         `--‘Neoscheloribates longiporosus’ Hammer 1973 non S. longiporosus Kulijev 1968 BB92b
    |--Muliercula Coetzer 1968 S04
    |    |--*M. muliercula Coetzer 1968 S04
    |    |--M. bilineata Mahunka 1986 S04
    |    |--M. discrepans (Balogh 1959) [=Scheloribates discrepans] S04
    |    |--M. inexpectata Badejo, Woas & Beck 2002 S04
    |    |--M. longisacculus (Mahunka 1984) [=Incabates longisacculus] S04
    |    |--M. ngoyensis Coetzer 1968 S04
    |    `--M. spora Coetzer 1968 S04
    |--Euscheloribates Kunst 1958 S04
    |    |--E. (Euscheloribates) [incl. Corynobates Balogh & Balogh 1992, Tribates Mahunka 1978] S04
    |    |    |--*E. (E.) samsinaki Kunst 1958 S04
    |    |    |--E. (E.) clavisetus Mahunka 1988 S04 [=*Corynobates clavisetus BB92a]
    |    |    |--E. (E.) cryptus (Mahunka 1978) [=Tribates cryptus] S04
    |    |    |--E. (E.) mixtus (Mahunka 1978) S04 [=*Tribates mixtus BB92a]
    |    |    `--E. (E.) pembertoni (Jacot 1934) [=Protoschelobates pembertoni] S04
    |    `--E. (Nanobates Balogh & Balogh 1984) S04
    |         |--E. (*N.) fenicheli (Balogh 1970) [=Birobates fenicheli] S04
    |         `--E. (N.) clavatus (Mahunka 1988) [=Nanobates clavatus] S04
    |--Dometorina Grandjean 1951 NB-P09, S04 [incl. Cryptozetes Hammer 1962 S04]
    |    |--*D. plantivaga (Berlese 1895) [=Oribatula plantivaga] S04
    |    |    |--D. p. plantivaga S04
    |    |    |--D. p. brasiliana Pérez-Íñigo & Pérez-Íñ 1993 S04
    |    |    |--D. p. insularis Travé 1969 S04
    |    |    `--D. p. saxicola Grandjean 1951 S04
    |    |--D. chilensis (Hammer 1962) S04 [=*Cryptozetes chilensis BB92a]
    |    |--D. crystallina Tseng 1984 S04
    |    |--D. elongata Balogh & Csiszár 1963 S04
    |    |--D. inflata (Berlese 1916) [=Oribatula (Hemileius) inflata] S04
    |    |--D. lata Mahunka 1986 S04
    |    |--D. limpida Tseng 1984 S04
    |    |--D. marionensis Pletzen & Kok 1971 S04
    |    |--D. praedatoria Wu, Xin & Aoki 1986 S04
    |    |--D. rostrata Luxton 1993 S04
    |    |--D. sicata Mahunka 1983 S04
    |    |--D. suramericana (Hammer 1958) S07
    |    |--D. taiwanica Tseng 1984 S04
    |    |--D. tropica (Balogh 1958) [=Hemileius tropicus] S04
    |    |--D. tuberculata Aoki 1984 S04
    |    `--D. usnea (Norton & Palacios-Vargas 1987) [=Cryptozetes usnea] S04
    `--Topobates Grandjean 1958 (see below for synonymy) S04
         |--*T. granifer Grandjean 1958 S04
         |--T. alisanicus (Tseng 1984) [=Scheloribates alisanicus] S04
         |--T. alvaradoi (Pérez-Íñigo 1969) [=Scheloribates alvaradoi] S04
         |--T. berndhauseri (Mahunka 1978) S04 [=*Flagellobates berndhauseri BB92a]
         |--T. carpathicus (Weigmann & Miko 1998) [=Scheloribates (Topobates) carpathicus] S04
         |--T. circumcarinatus (Weigmann & Miko 1998) [=Scheloribates (Topobates) circumcarinatus] S04
         |--T. comatus (Pérez-Íñigo, Herrero & Pérez-Íñigo 1987) [=Setobates comatus] S04
         |--T. coronopubes (Lee & Pajak 1988) [=Setobates coronopubes] S04
         |--T. heterodactylus (Pletzen 1963) [=Scheloribates heterodactylus] S04
         |--T. holsaticus Weigmann 1969 S04
         |--T. humeralis Subbotina 1976 S04
         |--T. lanceolatus (Wallwork 1977) [=Scheloribates lanceolatus] S04
         |--T. magnus (Balogh 1962) S04 [=*Setobates magnus BB92a]
         |--T. medius (Hammer 1967) [=Setobates medius; incl. S. discors Hammer 1967] S04
         |--T. microsetosus (Wallwork 1977) [=Scheloribates microsetosus] S04
         |--T. multiplisetus (Mahunka 1977) [=Scheloribates multiplisetus] S04
         |--T. scheloribatoides (Ramsay 1966) S04 (see below for synonymy)
         |--T. setosus (Mahunka 1988) S04 [=*Berndia setosa BB92a]
         |--T. sphaeroides Subbotina 1985 S04
         |--T. tanzanicus Mahunka 1993 S04
         |--T. ultraforaminosus (Lee & Pajak 1988) [=Setobates ultraforaminosus] S04
         `--T. umbraili (Schweizer 1956) [=Hemileius umbraili] S04

Gerloubia hispanica Subías 1977 [incl. Liebstadia ahumerata Mahunka 1987, Fuerteventuria mirabilis Pérez-Íñigo & Peña 1996] S04

Topobates Grandjean 1958 [incl. Berndia Mahunka 1988, Flagellobates Mahunka 1978, Setobates Balogh 1961] S04

Topobates scheloribatoides (Ramsay 1966) S04 [=Multoribates scheloribatoides S04, Setobates scheloribatoides L92; incl. Setobates minor Hammer 1967 S04]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB92a] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992a. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[BB92b] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992b. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 2. Plates. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H01] Haq, M. A. 2001. Potential oribatid mite vectors of cestode parasites in Kerala, India. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 569–575. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[L92] Lee, D. C. 1992. New species of Oribatulidae (Acarida: Cryptostigmata: Planofissurae) from South Australian soils, with a review of subfamilies and Australian records. Records of the South Australian Museum 26 (1): 37–49.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[S07] Schatz, H. 2007. Biogeography of oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida) from the Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica and Panama. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 151–167. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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