Spongillidae

Ogulin cave sponge Eunapius subterraneus subterraneus, from here.


Belongs within: Tetractinomorpha.

The Spongillidae are one of the few groups of sponges found in fresh water. Other than their freshwater habit, they are characterised by the production of resistant propagatory structures called gemmules.

Spongillidae
    |--Spongilla SV86
    |    |--S. cenota Penney & Racek 1968 SV86
    |    `--S. lacustris C-SC03
    |--Ephydatia SV86
    |    |--E. fluviatilis SV86
    |    `--E. muelleri (Lieberk├╝hn 1855) SV86
    `--Eunapius SV86
         |--E. fragilis (Leidy 1851) SV86
         `--E. subterraneus Sket & Velikonja 1985 SV86
              |--E. s. subterraneus SV86
              `--E. s. mollisparspanis Sket & Velikonja 1985 SV86

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C-SC03] Cavalier-Smith, T., & E. E.-Y. Chao. 2003. Phylogeny of Choanozoa, Apusozoa, and other Protozoa and early eukaryote megaevolution. Journal of Molecular Evolution 56: 540-563.

[SV86] Soest, R. W. M. van, & M. Velikonja. 1986. Porifera. In Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) (L. Botosaneanu, ed.) pp. 30-32. E. J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys: Leiden.

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