Field of Science

Ixoroideae

Flame of the woods Ixora coccinea, from here.


Belongs within: Rubiaceae.

The Ixoroideae as recognised herein represent a clade supported by molecular analyses, but for which morphological synapomorphies have not yet been identified. A more restricted subclade, containing the genera Ixora and Gardenia, is characterised by contorted aestivation and a stylar pollen presentation (Bremer et al. 1999).

<==Ixoroideae
    |  i. s.: Virectaria [Virectarieae] BM00
    |           `--V. major BM00
    |         Mussaendopsis beccariana RB01
    |--+--Calycophyllum candidissimum RB01
    |  |--Alseis BJ99
    |  |--Emmenopterys henryi BJ99
    |  |--Pentagonia macrophylla BJ99
    |  |--Rustia splendens BJ99
    |  |--Simira viridiflora BJ99
    |  |--Capirona decorticans BJ99
    |  |--Condamineeae BJ99
    |  |    |--Condaminea corymbosa BJ99
    |  |    |--Pinckneya pubens B96, BJ99
    |  |    `--Pogonopus speciosus B96, BJ99
    |  `--+--Warszewiczia cordata BJ99
    |     `--Chimarrhis BJ99
    |          |--C. cymosa SWK87
    |          `--C. hookeri BJ99
    `--+--+--Pseudomussaenda flava BJ99
       |  `--Isertieae BJ99
       |       |--Isertia BJ99
       |       |    |--I. laevis BJ99
       |       |    `--I. pittieri BJ99
       |       `--Mussaenda BJ99
       |            |--M. arcuata BJ99
       |            |--M. erythrophylla BJ99
       |            |--M. flava P88
       |            |--M. frondosa P88
       |            |    |--M. f. var. frondosa P88
       |            |    `--M. f. var. glabra P88
       |            |--M. mutabilis P88
       |            `--M. philippica P88
       `--+--+--Crossopteryx febrifuga RB01
          |  |--Alberta magna BJ99
          |  |--Enterospermum coriaceum B96
          |  `--+--Coffea [Coffeeae] B96
          |     |    |--C. arabica BJ99
          |     |    |--C. canephora P88
          |     |    `--C. liberica P88
          |     `--Gardenieae B96
          |          |--Mitriostigma axillare B96, BJ99
          |          `--Gardenia RB01
          |               |--G. augusta MM96
          |               |--G. gummifera P03
          |               |--G. jasminoides [incl. G. florida] P88
          |               |--G. latifolia P03
          |               |--G. taitensis BM00
          |               |--G. thunbergia RB01
          |               `--G. turgida KJ05
          `--+--Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea BJ99
             `--+--Vangueria [Vanguerieae] RB01
                |    `--V. madagascariensis RB01
                `--Pavetteae B96
                     |--Paracephaelis RB01
                     |--Pavetta BJ99
                     |    |--P. abyssinica BJ99
                     |    |--P. indica P03
                     |    `--P. lanceolata BJ99
                     `--Ixora BJ99
                          |--I. arborea P03
                          |--I. biflora BJ99
                          |--I. capillaries K03
                          |--I. coccinea BJ99
                          |--I. grandifolia CMT07
                          |--I. hookeri BJ99
                          |--I. javanica P88
                          `--I. lobbii P88
                               |--I. l. var. lobbii P88
                               `--I. l. var. stenophylla P88

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B96] Bremer, B. 1996. Combined and separate analyses of morphological and molecular data in the plant family Rubiaceae. Cladistics 12: 21-40.

[BJ99] Bremer, B., R. K. Jansen, B. Oxelman, M. Backlund, H. Lantz & K.-J. Kim. 1999. More characters or more taxa for a robust phylogeny—case study from the coffee family (Rubiaceae). Systematic Biology 48 (3): 413-435.

[BM00] Bremer, B., & J.-F. Manen. 2000. Phylogeny and classification of the subfamily Rubioideae (Rubiaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 225: 43-72.

[CMT07] Chakrabarty, T., V. Maina & M. Tigga. 2007. Some unrecorded medicinal plants of the Jarawa tribe of Andaman Islands. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 233-234.

[KJ05] Katewa, S. S., A. Jain, B. L. Chaudhary & P. Galav. 2005. Some unreported medicinal uses of plants from the tribal area of Southern Rajasthan. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47 (1-4): 121-130.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81-98.

[MM96] Mound, L. A., & R. Marullo. 1996. The thrips of Central and South America: an introduction (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Memoirs on Entomology, International 6: 1-487.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1-4): 121-142.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[RB01] Razafimandimbison, S. G., & B. Bremer. 2001. Tribal delimitation of Naucleeae (Cinchonoideae, Rubiaceae): inference from molecular and morphological data. Systematics and Geography of Plants 71: 515-538.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

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