Wild mignonette Reseda lutea, copyright Udo Schmidt.

Belongs within: Malvidae.
Contains: Limnanthaceae, Capparaceae, Brassicaceae.

The Brassicales are a clade of flowering plants characterised by the presence of glucosinolates, defensive compounds with a pungent shell and sharp taste.

<==Brassicales [Capparales, Resedales, Rhoeadales]
    |  i. s.: Dressiantha T00
    |         Emblingia T00 [Emblingiaceae APG16, Emblingioideae]
    |         Rhoeo discolor D51
    |--+--+--Bretschneidera [Bretschneideraceae] PT01
    |  |  `--Akania [Akaniaceae, Akaniales] PT01
    |  |       `--A. americana Romero & Hickey 1976 CBH93
    |  `--Tropaeolaceae [Tropaeolales] WM09
    |       |--Magallana T00
    |       |--Trophaeastrum T00
    |       `--Tropaeolum WM09 [incl. Cardamindum D01]
    |            |--T. majus WM09
    |            |--T. peregrinum PT01
    |            |--T. speciosum H59
    |            |--T. tricolor NDA05
    |            `--T. tuberosum H93
    `--+--+--Caricaceae WM09
       |  |    |--Carica papaya WM09 [=Papaya vulgaris C55]
       |  |    |--Cylicomorpha YY22
       |  |    `--Jacartia YY22
       |  `--Moringa [Moringaceae] PT01
       |       |--M. concanensis SDK05
       |       |--M. oleifera LK14
       |       |--M. ovalifolia CV06
       |       `--M. pterygosperma C55
       `--+--Limnanthaceae WM09
          `--+--Setchellanthus [Setchellanthaceae] PT01
             `--+--+--Koeberlinia [Koeberliniaceae, Koeberlinioideae] PT01
                |  |    `--K. spinosa RJ11
                |  |         |--K. s. ssp. spinosa H93
                |  |         `--K. s. ssp. tenuispina H93
                |  `--+--Batis [Bataceae] WM09
                |     |    |--B. argillicola LK14
                |     |    `--B. maritima WM09
                |     `--Salvadoraceae PT01
                |          |--Azima tetracantha T00, M72
                |          |--Dobera T00
                |          `--Salvadora persica T00, PDR05
                |               |--S. p. var. persica PDR05
                |               `--S. p. var. wightiana PDR05
                `--+--+--Tovariaceae [Tovarioideae] PT01
                   |  `--Pentadiplandra [Pentadiplandraceae, Pentadiplandroideae] PT01
                   `--+--+--Capparaceae WM09
                      |  `--Brassicaceae WM09
                      `--+--Gyrostemonaceae PT01
                         |    |--Gyrostemon PT01
                         |    |    |--G. australasicus H90
                         |    |    |--G. ramulosus KM08
                         |    |    |--G. subnudus RL05
                         |    |    `--G. thesioides [=Didymotheca thesioides] H90
                         |    `--Codonocarpus H90
                         |         |--C. attenuatus H90
                         |         |--C. australis C16
                         |         |--C. cotinifolius H90
                         |         `--C. pyramidalis H90
                         `--Resedaceae [Borthwickiaceae, Stixaceae, Stixidaceae] WM09
                              |--Ochradenus baccatus AGF98
                              |--Oligomeris linifolia H93
                              |--Caylusea hexagyna AGF98
                              |--Borthwickia APG16
                              |--Forchhammeria APG16
                              |--Stixis APG16
                              |--Tirania APG16
                              `--Reseda WM09 [incl. Sesamoides D01]
                                   |--R. alba WM09
                                   |--R. complicata F55
                                   |--R. lutea WM09
                                   |--R. luteola C55
                                   `--R. odorata PT01

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AGF98] Abd El-Ghani, M. M., & A. G. Fahmy. 1998. Composition of and changes in the spontaneous flora of Feiran Oasis, S Sinai, Egypt, in the last 60 years. Willdenowia 28: 123–134.

[APG16] Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 1–20.

[C16] Cambage, R. H. 1916. Notes on the native flora of tropical Queensland. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 49 (3): 389–447, pls 57–61.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CBH93] Collinson, M. E., M. C. Boulter & P. L. Holmes. 1993. Magnoliophyta (‘Angiospermae’). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 809–841. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[D51] Dobzhansky, T. 1951. Genetics and the Origin of Species 3rd ed. Columbia University Press: New York.

[D01] Doweld, A. B. 2001. The systematic relevance of fruit and seed structure in Bersama and Melianthus (Melianthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 227: 75–103.

[F55] Franz, H. 1955. Dritter Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Caeculidae (Acari). Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gessellschaft in Wien 95: 9–18.

[H90] Harden, G. J. (ed.) 1990. Flora of New South Wales vol. 1. New South Wales University Press.

[H59] Healy, A. J. 1959. Contributions to a knowledge of the adventive flora of New Zealand, no. 7. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 86 (1): 113–118.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11–19.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M72] Mathew, D. N. 1972. The ecology of the baya in Rajampet, Cuddapah Dt., A.P. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (1): 188–191.

[NDA05] Nickrent, D. L., J. P. Der & F. E. Anderson. 2005. Discovery of the photosynthetic relatives of the "Maltese mushroom" Cynomorium. BMC Evolutionary Biology 5: 38.

[PT01] Pemberton, L. M. S., S.-L. Tsai, P. H. Lovell & P. J. Harris. 2001. Epidermal patterning in seedling roots of eudicotyledons. Annals of Botany 87: 649–654.

[PDR05] Pradhan, S. G., P. G. Diwakar & K. M. Rao. 2005. Recollection of Cistachne tubulosa (Schrenk) Wight (Orobanchaceae) from Maharashtra after about a century. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 151–152.

[RL05] Rafferty, C., & B. B. Lamont. 2005. Selective feeding by macropods on vegetation regenerating following fire. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (4): 155–165.

[RJ11] Rising, J. D., A. Jaramillo, J. L. Copete, P. G. Ryan & S. C. Madge. 2011. Family Emberizidae (buntings and New World sparrows). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 428–683. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[SDK05] Sharma, L. K., N. K. Dadhich & A. Kumar. 2005. Plant based veterinary medicine from traditional knowledge of India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 43–52.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441–647.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853–3858.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1–62.

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