Alveolinidae

Cross-section of Fasciolites boscii, from here.


Belongs within: Quinqueloculininae.

The Alveolinidae are a group of porcelaneous, often large (up to 100 mm in length) Foraminifera known from the Lower Cretaceous to the present (Loeblich & Tappan 1964).

Characters (from Loeblich & Tappan 1964): Wall porcelaneous, imperforate. Test free, usually large, coiled about elongate axis, subcylindrical, fusiform, ellipsoidal or spherical, rarely somewhat nautiloid. Proloculus followed by spiral tube (flexostyle). Juvenile volutions commonly coiled irregularly, at least in microspheric form. Chambers numerous, divided into tubular chamberlets by means of secondary partitions (septula) parallel to direction of coiling; chamberlets may occur in several layers. Apertures numerous, arranged in one or more rows, exceptionally fused into horizontal slit.

<==Alveolinidae (see below for synonymy)
    |--Ovalveolina Reichel 1936 LT64
    |    `--*O. ovum (d’Orbigny 1850) [=Alveolina ovum] LT64
    |--Subalveolina Reichel 1936 LT64
    |    `--*S. dordonica Reichel 1936 LT64
    |--Bullalveolina Reichel 1936 LT64
    |    `--*B. bulloides (d’Orbigny in de la Sagra 1839) [=Alveolina bulloides] LT64
    |--Flosculinella Schubert in Richarz 1910 LT64
    |    `--*F. bontangensis (Rutten 1913) LT64 [=Alveolinella bontangensis LT64, Flosculina bontangensis C40]
    |--Borelis de Montfort 1808 (see below for synonymy) LT64
    |    |--B. melo (Fichtel & Moll 1798) (see below for synonymy) LT64
    |    `--B. schlumbergeri PHT13
    |--Cisalveolina Reichel 1941 LT64
    |    `--*C. fallax Reichel 1941 LT64
    |--Multispirina Reichel 1947 LT64
    |    `--*M. iranensis Reichel 1947 LT64
    |--Alveolinella Douvill√© 1906 LT64
    |    |--*A. quoyi (d’Orbigny 1826) [=Alveolina quoii] LT64
    |    `--A. boscii C40
    |--Praealveolina Reichel 1933 LT64
    |    |--P. (Praealveolina) LT64
    |    |    |--*P. (P.) tenuis Reichel 1933 LT64
    |    |    `--P. (P.) cretacea (d’Archiac 1837) [=Alveolina cretacea] LT64
    |    `--P. (Simplalveolina Reichel in Loeblich & Tappan 1964) LT64
    |         `--P. (*S.) simplex Reichel 1936 LT64
    `--Fasciolites Parkinson 1811 (see below for synonymy) LT64
         |  i. s.: ‘Flosculina’ daunica Checchia-Rispoli 1912 [=F. (*Checchiaites) daunica] LT64
         |         *Flosculina’ decipiens Schwager 1883 LT64
         |         ‘Flosculina’ globosa C40
         |         F. levantina LT64
         |         *Miliolites’ sabulosus de Montfort 1808 LT64
         |         ‘Alveolina’ violae Checchia-Rispoli 1912 [=*Eoalveolinella violae] LT64
         |--F. (Fasciolites) [incl. Oryzaria Defrance in Bronn 1825] LT64
         |    |--*F. (F.) oblonga (d’Orbigny 1826) [=Alveolina oblonga] LT64
         |    |--F. (F.) boscii (Defrance in Bronn 1825) [=*Oryzaria boscii] LT64
         |    |--F. (F.) pasticillatus LT64
         |    `--F. (F.) schwageri LT64
         `--F. (Glomalveolina Hottinger 1962) LT64
              |--F. (*G.) dachelensis (Schwager 1883) [=Alveolina dachelensis] LT64
              `--F. (G.) primaeva LT64

Nomen nudum: Alveolina ovulum Stache in Schwager 1883 [=A. (Glomalveolina) ovulum] LT64

Alveolinidae [Alveolinea, Alveolinellidae, Alveolinellinae, Alveolinida, Alveolinina, Alveolininae, Borelida, Borelidae, Borelidinae, Fasciolitidae]

Borelis de Montfort 1808 [=Borelia Agassiz 1844; incl. Alveolina d’Orbigny 1826, Clausulus de Montfort 1808, Melonia Lamarck 1822, Melonites Lamarck 1812, Neoalveolina Silvestri 1928] LT64

Borelis melo (Fichtel & Moll 1798) [=Nautilus melo, *Alveolina melo; incl. A. bradyi Silvestri 1927, *Neoalveolina bradyi, *Clausulus indicator de Montfort 1808, *Borelis melonoides de Montfort 1808, *Melonites sphaerica Lamarck 1816, *Melonia sphaerica] LT64

Fasciolites Parkinson 1811 [incl. Checchiaites Sorrentino 1935, Eoalveolinella Silvestri 1928, Flosculina Stache in Schwager 1883, Miliolites de Montfort 1808 non Lamarck 1804, Semiflosculina Doncieux 1905] LT64

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C40] Cushman, J. A. 1940. Foraminifera: Their classification and economic use 3rd ed. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[LT64] Loeblich, A. R., Jr & H. Tappan. 1964. Sarcodina: chiefly “thecamoebians” and Foraminiferida. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt C. Protista 2 vol. 1. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.

[PHT13] Pawlowski, J., M. Holzmann & J. Tyszka. 2013. New supraordinal classification of Foraminifera: molecules meet morphology. Marine Micropalaeontology 100: 1–10.

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