Alectrion glans, copyright Koghisberg.

Belongs within: Muricoidea.
Contains: Arcularia, Nassarius.

The Nassariidae, dog whelks, are a group of mostly scavenging marine neogastropods, most commonly found in sandy or muddy areas in shallow waters. They are small to medium in size, with a shell bearing a high spire and oval aperture. Within the Nassariidae, members of the Nassariinae and Cyllene are generally smaller than Dorsaninae or Bullia.

<==Nassariidae [Alectrionidae, Arculariidae, Nassidae, Nassina, Nassinae]
    |--Dorsaninae BR05
    |    |--Dorsanum Gray 1847 BR05
    |    `--Duplicata Korobokov 1955 [Duplicatinae] BR05
    |--Bullia Gray 1834 [Bulliinae] BR05
    |    |--B. annulata Lamarck 1816 HJ08
    |    |--B. rhodostoma C60
    |    `--B. rogersi Smythe in Smythe & Chatfield 1981 BC01
    |--Cyllene Gray 1834 [Cylleninae] BR05
    |    |--C. cernohorskyi Fernandes & Rolán 1992 BC01
    |    |--C. lactea Adams & Angas 1863 H09
    |    |--C. pulchella Adams & Reeve 1850 H09
    |    `--C. rubrolineata Sowerby 1870 MG-H11
    `--Nassariinae BR05
         |--‘Nassa’ Lamarck 1799 non Röding 1798 BR05
         |--‘Cyclops’ Montfort 1810 non Müller 1776 [Cyclopsidae] BR05
         |--Cyclonassa Swainson 1840 [Cyclonassinae] BR05
         |--Arcularia BR05
         |--Nassarius BR05
         |--Ilyanassa Stimpson 1865 O27
         |    `--I. obsoleta (Say 1822) SS07 [=Alectrion obsoletus O27]
         `--Alectrion Montfort 1810 BR05
              |  i. s.: A. dispar [=Xeuxis dispar] C60
              |         A. fasciata (Lamarck 1822) F27
              |         A. papillosus Linnaeus 1758 WG71
              |         A. particeps Hedley 1915 WG71
              |         A. rufula Kiener 1834 WG71
              |--*A. (Alectrion) glans Linnaeus 1758 O27, WG71
              `--A. (Schizopyga Conrad 1850) O27
                   |--A. (S.) californianus Conrad 1856 O27
                   |--A. (S.) cerritensis Arnold 1903 O27
                   |--A. (S.) cooperi (Forbes 1850) [=Nassa cooperi] O27
                   |--A. (S.) fossatus Gould 1849 O27
                   |--A. (S.) insculptus Carpenter 1864 O27
                   |    |--A. i. insculptus O27
                   |    `--A. i. eupleura Dall 1916 O27
                   |--A. (S.) mendicus Gould 1849 O27
                   |--A. (S.) nodicinctus Adams 1851 O27
                   |--A. (S.) noduliferus (Philippi 1848) [=Buccinum noduliferum] O27
                   |--A. (S.) perpinguis Hinds 1844 O27
                   `--A. (S.) tegulus Reeve 1858 O27

Nassariidae incertae sedis:
  Parcanassa Iredale 1936 WG71
    `--P. pauperata Lamarck 1822 WG71
  Zeuxis Adams & Adams 1853 WG71
    |--Z. dorsatus Röding 1798 WG71
    `--Z. siquijorensis ZLK11
  Plicarcularia Thiele 1929 WG71
    |--P. granifera Kiener 1834 WG71
    `--P. thersites Bruguière 1789 WG71
  Niotha Adams & Adams 1853 WG71
    |--N. bicolor Hombron & Jacquinot 1853 WG71
    |--N. gemmulata Lamarck 1822 WG71
    `--N. pyrrhus Menke 1843 WG71
  Nanina Risso 1826 BR05
    |--N. (Acusta) assimilis Adams 1866 A66a
    `--N. sieboldtiana A66a
  Reticunassa paupera M54
  Hebra horrida (Dunker 1847) BW09
  Buccinanops S11
    |--B. gradatus (Deshayes 1844) S11
    `--B. monilifer (Velenciennes 1834) S11
  Nassodonta Adams 1866 S11, A66b
    |--*N. insignis Adams 1866 A66b
    `--N. dorri (Watteblet 1886) S11
  Radulphus Iredale 1924 P61
    |--*R. royanus P61
    `--R. necopinatus Finlay 1930 P61

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A66a] Adams, H. 1866a. Descriptions of fifteen new species of land and freshwater shells from Formosa, collected by Robert Swinhoe, Esq., consul at Taiwan in that island. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 316–319.

[A66b] Adams, H. 1866b. Descriptions of six new species of shells, and note on Opisthostoma de-Crespignii. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 445–447.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[C60] Cox, L. R. 1960. Gastropoda: general characteristics of Gastropoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I84–I169. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[HJ08] Huisman, J. M., D. S. Jones, F. E. Wells & T. Burton. 2008. Introduced marine biota in Western Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 1–44.

[M54] Macpherson, J. H. 1954. Molluscs (sea shells and snails). In: Willis, J. M. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 55–63. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II pt I. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[SS07] Struck, T. H., N. Schutt, T. Kusen, E. Hickman, C. Bleidorn, D. McHugh & K. M. Halanych. 2007. Annelid phylogeny and the status of Sipuncula and Echiura. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 57.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

[ZLK11] Zou, S., Q. Li & L. Kong. 2011. Additional gene data and increased sampling give new insights into the phylogenetic relationships of Neogastropoda, within the caenogastropod phylogenetic framework. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 425–435.

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