Mango Mangifera indica, copyright Fpalli.

Belongs within: Anacardiaceae.

Mangifera is a genus of trees found primarily in lowland rainforest in tropical Asia, including the mango Mangifera indica and related species.

Characters (from Flora of China): Evergreen trees, andro-monoecious with functionally staminate and bisexual flowers in same inflorescence. Leaves petiolate, simple; leaf blade margin entire. Inflorescence a terminal pleiothyrsoid. Flowers small, 4- or 5-merous, with imbricate aestivation. Sepals sometimes united at base. Petals with 1-5 prominent veins adaxially. Stamens 5, free or united with disk basally, usually 1(or 2) noticeably larger. Disk of 5 separate extrastaminal glands. Ovary glabrous, 1-locular, 1-ovulate; style 1, terminal. Fruit drupaceous; mesocarp fleshy or fibrous; endocarp thick and bony, compressed. Embryo 1 to several by polyembryony.

<==Mangifera [=M. subg. Mangifera] YH02
    |  i. s.: M. altissima YH02
    |         M. caesia YH02
    |         M. kemanga YH02
    |         M. pajang YH02
    |         M. zeylanica YH02
    |--M. macrocarpa [=M. (subg. Limus sect. Perennis) macrocarpa] YH02
    |--M. sect. Rawa YH02
    |    |--M. griffithii YH02
    |    `--+--M. gracilipes YH02
    |       `--M. sect. Euantherae YH02
    |            |--M. caloneura YH02
    |            `--M. pentandra YH02
    `--+--M. cochinchinensis [=M. (sect. Euantherae) cochinchinensis] YH02
       |--M. subg. Limus sect. Perennis YH02
       |    |--M. foetida YH02
       |    `--M. odorata YH02 [M. foetida × M. indica KTG03]
       `--M. sect. Mangifera YH02
            |--+--M. flava YH02
            |  `--M. (sect. Marchandora) gedebe YH02
            `--+--M. oblongifolia YH02
               `--+--M. indica YH02
                  |--M. laurina YH02
                  `--M. sylvatica YH02

*Type species of generic name indicated


[KTG03] Kiew, R., L. L. Teo & Y. Y. Gan. 2003. Assessment of the hybrid status of some Malesian plants using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism. Telopea 10 (1): 225–233.

[YH02] Yonemori, K., C. Honsho, S. Kanzaki, W. Eiadthong & A. Sugiura. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of Mangifera species revealed by ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA and a possibility of their hybrid origin. Plant Systematics and Evolution 231: 59–75.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="">FoS</a> = FoS