Common whelk Buccinum undatum, copyright Malcolm Storey.

Belongs within: Buccinoidea.

Buccinum is a genus of whelks found in colder waters of both hemispheres. The type species is the common whelk B. undatum of the northern Atlantic which is widely harvested for food.

Characters (from Oldroyd 1927): Shell few-whorled; whorls ventricose; aperture large; canal very short, reflected; operculum lamellar, nucleus external.

<==Buccinum Linnaeus 1758 BR05
    |--*B. undatum Linnaeus 1758 O27, D88 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--B. u. undatum F27
    |    `--B. u. minusculum Finlay 1927 [=B. undatum minimum non B. minimum Montagu 1803] F27
    |--B. aleuticum Dall 1894 O27
    |--B. angulosum Gray 1839 O27
    |    |--B. a. angulosum O27
    |    |--B. a. cnismatopleura Dall 1919 O27
    |    |--B. a. normale Dall 1885 O27
    |    |--B. a. subcostatum Dall 1885 O27
    |    `--B. a. transliratum Dall 1919 O27
    |--B. baeri Middendorff 1848 O27
    |    |--B. b. baeri O27
    |    `--B. b. moerchianum Fischer 1858 O27
    |--B. brevidentatum [incl. Purpura cornigera, P. ocellata] C64
    |--B. bulimuloideum Dall 1907 O27
    |--B. calcaratum Lightfoot 1786 K65
    |--B. canaliculatum CF02
    |--B. castaneum Dall 1877 O27
    |    |--B. c. castaneum O27
    |    |--B. c. fluctuatum Dall 1919 O27
    |    |--B. c. incisulum Dall 1919 O27
    |    `--B. c. triplostephahum Dall 1919 O27
    |--B. chartium Dall 1919 O27
    |--B. chishimanum Pilsbry 1904 O27
    |--B. ciliatum Fabricius 1780 O27
    |--B. cnismatum Dall 1907 O27
    |--B. costatum Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. decussatum Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. denticulatum [incl. B. armatum, Purpura rupestris] C64
    |--B. diplodetum Dall 1907 O27
    |--B. distortum [incl. Clavella triumphalis, Columbella triumphalis] C64
    |--B. erinaceus Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. eugrammatum Dall 1907 O27
    |--B. fischerianum Dall 1871 O27
    |--B. flammeu Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. fringillum Dall 1877 O27
    |--B. funiculatum Reeve 1846 [incl. Latirus strangei Adams 1854] H08
    |--B. glaciale Linnaeus 1761 O27
    |    |--B. g. glaciale O27
    |    `--B. g. parallelum Dall 1919 O27
    |--B. groenlandicum [incl. B. anglicanum, B. boreale, B. cyaneum] J64
    |--B. hecticu Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. humphreysianum Bennett 1825 O27
    |--B. incertum Orbigny in Murchison 1845 TTE93
    |--B. interstriatum C64
    |--B. iris Lightfoot 1786 K65
    |--B. jacksonianum Quoy & Gaimard 1833 [=Nassa jacksonensis] C75
    |--B. kadiakense Dall 1907 O27
    |--B. laevigatum Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. lima Martyn 1784 C64
    |--B. limnoideum O27
    |--B. midori Habe & Ito 1965 P01
    |--B. mirandum Smith 1895 V89
    |--B. murinu Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. neriteu Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. nitidulum Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. ochotense (Middendorff 1848) [=Tritonium ochotense] O27
    |--B. oedematum Dall 1907 O27
    |--B. oleariu Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. ooides [=Tritonium (Buccinum) ooides] C64
    |--B. ovulum Dall 1894 O27
    |--B. pemphigus Dall 1907 O27
    |    |--B. p. pemphigus O27
    |    |--B. p. major Dall 1919 O27
    |    `--B. p. orotundum Dall 1907 O27
    |--B. percrassum Dall 1881 O27
    |--B. physematum Dall 1919 O27
    |--B. picturatum Dall 1877 O27
    |--B. planaxis C64
    |--B. planeticum Dall 1919 O27
    |--B. plectrum Stimpson 1865 O27 [=B. undatum plectrum ZC10]
    |--B. plicatum Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. polare Gray 1839 O27
    |--B. praemorsum Linnnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. pustulosum Lightfoot 1786 K65
    |--B. robinsonii H79
    |--B. rondinum Dall 1919 O27
    |--B. rossellinum Dall 1919 O27
    |--B. rufum Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. scabriculum Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. scalariforme [incl. B. tortuosum] C64
    |--B. sericatum Hancock 1846 O27
    |--B. sigmatopleura Dall 1907 O27
    |--B. simplex [=Tritonium (Buccinum) simplex] C64
    |--B. simulatum Dall 1907 O27
    |--B. smaragdulus Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. solenum Dall 1919 O27
    |--B. stimpsonianum C64
    |--B. strigilatum Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. ‘strigillatum’ Dall 1891 non B. strigilatum Linnaeus 1758 O27
    |    |--B. s. strigillatum O27
    |    `--B. s. fucanum Dall 1907 O27
    |--B. tanquaryi Baker 1919 BC01
    |--B. taurinum Lightfoot 1786 K65
    |--B. tenebrosum Hancock 1840 O27
    |--B. tenellum Dall 1883 O27
    |--B. tenue Gray 1839 O27 [incl. Cassis massenae C64]
    |    |--B. t. tenue O27
    |    |--B. t. lyperum Dall 1919 O27
    |    `--B. t. rhodium Dall 1919 O27
    |--B. testiculus Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. testudo Lightfoot 1786 K65
    |--B. tuberosum Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. tumescens Finlay 1927 [=B. meridionale inflata Harmer 1913 non B. inflatum Hutton 1873] F27
    |--B. vicaryi d’Archiac & Haime 1854 [=Cancellaria vicarii d’Archiac 1850 (n. n.)] PH90
    |--B. virgineu Linnaeus 1758 L58
    |--B. viridum Dall 1889 O27
    `--B. yokomaruae Yamashita & Habe 1965 ZC10

*Buccinum undatum Linnaeus 1758 O27, D88 [=Tritonium (Buccinum) undatum C64; incl. B. undatum var. pelagica C64, T. (B.) undatum var. schantarica C64]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[C75] Cernohorsky, W. O. 1975. The taxonomy of some Indo-Pacific Mollusca. Part 3. With descriptions of new taxa and remarks on an Ecuadorian fossil species of Turridae. Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum 12: 213–234.

[CF02] Chaparro, O. R., & M. L. Flores. 2002. Reproductive output of Crepidula fecunda females: Distribution of energy in the production of gametes and capsular walls. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 661–673.

[D88] D’Asaro, C. N. 1988. Micromorphology of neogastropod egg capsules. Nautilus 102 (4): 134–148.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[H79] Haast, J. von. 1879. Geology of the Provinces of Canterbury and Westland, New Zealand. A report comprising the results of official explorations. "Times" Office: Christchurch.

[H08] Hedley, C. 1908. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part X. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 456–489, pls 7–10.

[J64] Jeffreys, J. G. 1864. The Upper Tertiary fossils at Uddevalla, in Sweden. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33 (Notices and Abstracts): 73–79.

[K65] Kay, E. A. 1965. The Reverend John Lightfoot, Daniel Solander, and the Portland Catalogue. Nautilus 79 (1): 10–19.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. 2 pt 1. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P01] Petit, R. E. 2001. Book review: Catalogue and bibliography of the marine shell-bearing mollusca of Japan. Type figures. Nautilus 115 (3): 114.

[PH90] Petit, R. E., & M. G. Harasewych. 1990. Catalogue of the superfamily Cancellarioidea Forbes and Hanley, 1851 (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Nautilus 103 (Suppl. 1): 1–69.

[TTE93] Tracey, S., J. A. Todd & D. H. Erwin. 1993. Mollusca: Gastropoda. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 131–167. Chapman & Hall: London.

[V89] Vermeij, G. J. 1989. Habitat and form of Crepidula grandis in Japan, with comments on habitat specialization in calyptraeid gastropods. Nautilus 103 (3): 89–91.

[ZC10] Zhang, S., & Z. Chen. 2010. Species composition and faunal characteristics of Buccinacea (Mollusca, Gastropdoa) of the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of "Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean", 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 117–118. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Last updated: 18 December 2021.

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