Meranoplini

Nesomyrmex angulatus, from AntWiki.


Belongs within: Myrmicinae.
Contains: Crematogaster, Meranoplus.

The Meranoplini is a group of ants with a compact mesosoma and nine-segmented antenna. Meranoplus, the shield ants, are slow-moving ants found in the Old World tropics and subtropics, which have the dorsum of the anterior mesosoma flattened with projecting edges to form a distinct shield (Heterick 2009).

Characters (from Tree of Life): Mesosoma short and compact. Promesonotum forming a shield that overhangs the pleurae laterally and usually overhangs the propodeum posteriorly. Antennae with 9 segments, with a 3-segmented club.

<==Meranoplini E14
    |  i. s.: Promeranoplus Emery 1914 E14
    |           `--*P. rouxi Emery 1914 E14
    |         Prodicroaspis Emery 1914 E14
    |           `--*P. sarasini Emery 1914 E14
    |         Calyptomyrmex Emery 1887 E14, Z01
    |           `--C. wittmeri Baroni Urbani 1975 Z01
    |         Dicroaspis E14
    |--+--Mayriella Forel 1902 BS06, TB85
    |  |    |--*M. abstinens Forel 1902 TB85
    |  |    |    |--M. a. abstinens [incl. M. overbecki Viehmeyer 1925] TB85
    |  |    |    |--M. a. hackeri Wheeler 1935 TB85
    |  |    |    `--M. a. venustula Wheeler 1935 TB85
    |  |    |--M. ebbei BS06
    |  |    |--M. occidua H09
    |  |    |--M. spinosior Wheeler 1935 TB85
    |  |    `--M. transfuga Baroni Urbani 1977 Z01
    |  `--+--Xenomyrmex floridanus BS06
    |     `--+--Eutetramorium mocquerysi BS06
    |        `--Metapone Forel 1911 BS06, TB85
    |             |--*M. greeni Forel 1911 TB85
    |             |--M. leae Wheeler 1919 TB85
    |             |--M. madagascarica BS06
    |             |--M. mjobergi Forel 1915 TB85
    |             |--M. tillyardi Wheeler 1919 TB85
    |             `--M. tricolor McAreavey 1949 TB85
    `--+--+--Crematogaster SB08
       |  `--Pristomyrmex Mayr 1866 SB08, YT99 (see below for synonymy)
       |       |--*P. pungens Mayr 1866 YT99 [incl. P. japonicus Forel 1900 Z01]
       |       |--P. brevispinosus Emery 1887 B03
       |       |    |--P. b. brevispinosum B03
       |       |    `--P. b. sulcatus B03
       |       |--P. erythropygus Taylor 1968 TB85
       |       |--P. foveolatus Taylor 1965 TB85
       |       |--*Hylidris’ myersi Weber 1941 YT99
       |       |--P. pulcher N-ZLI11
       |       |--P. quadridentata André 1905 YT99 (see below for synonymy)
       |       |--P. thoracicus Taylor 1965 TB85
       |       |--*Dodous’ trispinosus Donisthorpe 1946 YT99
       |       |--P. wheeleri Taylor 1965 TB85
       |       |--P. wilsoni Taylor 1968 TB85
       |       `--P. yaeyamensis Yamane & Terayama 1999 [incl. P. brevispinosus sulcatus var. formosae] YT99
       `--+--Meranoplus SB08
          `--+--Pheidologeton Mayr 1862 BS06, TB85 (see below for synonymy)
             |    |--*P. diversus (Jerdon 1851) TB85 (see below for synonymy)
             |    |--P. affinis (Jerdon 1851) Z01 (see below for synonymy)
             |    |--P. lamellifrons Forel 1902 B03
             |    |--P. latinodus Zhou & Zheng 1997 Z01
             |    |--P. melasolenos Zhou & Zheng 1997 Z01
             |    |--P. nanus Roger 1863 B03
             |    |--P. pygmaeus N-ZLI11
             |    |--P. silenus N-ZLI11
             |    `--P. trechiderus Zhou & Zheng 1997 Z01
             `--Formicoxenini MR08
                  |--Formicoxenus nitidulus A71
                  `--Nesomyrmex Wheeler 1910 BS06, MR08
                       |--*N. clavipilis Wheeler 1910 TO99
                       |--N. angulatus (Mayr 1862) [=Leptothorax angulatus] MR08
                       |--N. antoinetteae Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. braunsi (Forel 1912) [=Dilobocondyla (Tetramyrma) braunsi] MR08
                       |--N. cederbergensis Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. denticulatus (Mayr 1901) [=Leptothorax denticulatus] MR08
                       |--N. echinatinodis BS06
                       |--N. entabeni Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. ezantsi Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. inye Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. karooensis Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. koebergensis Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. larsenae Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. mcgregori Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. nanniae Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. njengelanga Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. ruani Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. saasveldensis Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       |--N. simoni (Emery 1895) [=Tetramorium simoni] MR08
                       |--N. stramineus (Arnold 1948) [=Limnomyrmex stramineus] MR08
                       |--N. tshiguvhoae Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08
                       `--N. vannoorti Mbanyana & Robertson 2008 MR08

Pheidologeton Mayr 1862 BS06, TB85 [=Pheidologiton (l. c.) Z01; incl. Amauromyrmex Wheeler 1929 Z01, Idrisella Santschi 1937 Z01]

Pheidologeton affinis (Jerdon 1851) Z01 [=Oecodoma affinis Z01, Atta affinis Z01, Pheidologiton (l. c.) affinis Z01; incl. Pheidologeton affinis var. australis Forel 1915 Z01, Pheidole bellicosa Smith 1858 Z01, Atta bellicosa B03, Solenopsis calida Smith 1863 B03, S. laboriosus Smith 1861 Z01, Pheidologeton laboriosus E89, Pheidologeton australis var. mjobergi Forel 1918 Z01]

*Pheidologeton diversus (Jerdon 1851) TB85 [=Oecodoma diversus Z01, Pheidole diversus Z01, Pheidologiton (l. c.) diversus Z01; incl. Pheidole militaris Smith 1860 Z01, Pheidole ocellifera Smith 1858 B03, Pheidologeton ocellifer E89, Pheidole pabulator Smith 1860 Z01, Myrmica polita Smith 1860 Z01, Pheidole taprobanae Smith 1858 B03]

Pristomyrmex Mayr 1866 SB08, YT99 [incl. Dodous Donisthorpe 1946 YT99, Hylidris Weber 1941 YT99, Odontomyrmex André 1905 YT99]

Pristomyrmex quadridentata André 1905 YT99 [=P. (*Odontomyrmex) quadridentata YT99, *Odontomyrmex quadridentatus TB85; incl. P. (Odontomyrmex) quadridentatus queenslandensis Forel 1915 TB85]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B03] Bingham, C. T. 1903. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera vol. 2. Ants and Cuckoo-Wasps. Taylor and Francis: London.

[BS06] Brady, S. G., T. R. Schultz, B. L. Fisher & P. S. Ward. 2006. Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103 (48): 18172–18177.

[E89] Emery, C. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XX.—Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885–87). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 485–520.

[E14] Emery, C. 1914. Les fourmis de la Nouvelle-Calédonie & des îles Loyalty. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1 pt 4 pp. 393–436, pl. 12. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[H09] Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76: 1–206.

[MR08] Mbanyana, N., & H. G. Robertson. 2008. Review of the ant genus Nesomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) in southern Africa. African Natural History 4: 35–55.

[N-ZLI11] Nur-Zati A. M., G. T. Lim & A. B. Idris. 2011. Checklist of ants of selected hill dipterocarp forests of peninsular Malaysia. Serangga 16 (1): 91–105.

[TB85] Taylor, R. W., & D. R. Brown. 1985. Formicoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 1–149. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

[TO99] Terayama, M., & K. Onoyama. 1999. The ant genus Leptothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Japan. Memoirs of the Myrmecological Society of Japan 1: 71–97.

[YT99] Yamane, S., & M. Terayama. 1999. A new species of the genus Pristomyrmex Mayr from Japan, and a proposal of a new synonym of species in the genus Camponotus Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Memoirs of the Myrmecological Society of Japan 1: 17–24.

[Z01] Zhou, S. 2001. Ants of Guangxi. Guangxi Normal University Press: Guilin (China).

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