Coniopterygidae

Coniopteryx, photographed by Tom Murray.


Belongs within: Hemerobiiformia.

The Coniopterygidae, dustywings, are a group of minute lacewings, generally with wingspans less than 7 mm, and with reduced wing venation and a dense covering of a waxy or mealy secretion (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). Larvae are predators of small arthropods; adults may be predatory or herbivorous. Coniopterygids are divided between the subfamilies Coniopteryginae and Aleuropteryginae; Aleuropteryginae have fore wings with 2 R-M crossveins near the centre of the wing and hind wings with Rs branching from R very near the wing base, whereas Coniopteryginae have 1 R-M crossvein near the centre of the fore wing and the hind wing Rs not branching from R near the wing base (New 1991).

<==Coniopterygidae [Coniopterygoidea] S07
    |  i. s.: Glaesoconis baliopteryx GE05
    |         Apoglaesoconis ackermani GE05
    |         Semidalis vicina [=Coniopteryx vicina] VC07
    |         Helicoconis T61
    |           |--H. hirtipennis Tjed. 1960 T61
    |           |--H. maroccana T61
    |           `--H. salti T61
    |         Perisemidalis R70
    |         Parasemidalis R70
    |--Aleuropteryginae GE05
    |    |--Juraconiopteryx zherichini GE05
    |    |--Heterocornis nigricornis N91, MC13
    |    |--Spiloconis N91
    |    `--Cryptoscenea MC13
    |         |--C. australiensis M83
    |         `--C. evansorum Smithers 1984 T13
    `--Coniopteryginae N91
         |--Neosemidalis N91
         `--Coniopteryx Curtis 1834 S07
              |  i. s.: C. diptera Meinander 1971 S07
              `--C. (Xeroconiopteryx Meinander 1972) S07
                   |--C. (X.) aegyptiaca S07
                   |--C. (X.) atlasensis Meinander 1963 S07
                   |--C. (X.) dentifera Meinander 1983 S07
                   |--C. (X.) kerzhneri Meinander 1971 S07
                   |--C. (X.) ketiae Monserrat 1985 S07
                   |--C. (X.) kinali Sziráki 2007 S08
                   |--C. (X.) loipetsederi Aspöck 1963 S07
                   |--C. (X.) mongolica Meinander 1969 S07
                   |--C. (X.) mucrogonarcuata Meinander 1979 S07
                   |--C. (X.) orba S07
                   |--C. (X.) perisi Monserrat 1976 S07
                   |--C. (X.) platyarcus Sziráki & Van Harten 2006 S07
                   `--C. (X.) rostrogonarcuata S07

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[N91] New, T. R. 1991. Neuroptera (lacewings). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 525–542. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R70] Riek, E. F. 1970. Neuroptera (lacewings). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 472–494. Melbourne University Press.

[S07] Sziráki, G. 2007. Presence of the subgenus Xeroconiopteryx Meinander, 1972 in Hungary (Neuroptera: Coniopterygidae). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 99: 93–100.

[T13] Taylor, C. K. 2013. Annotated bibliography for Barrow Island terrestrial invertebrates. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 135–144.

[T61] Tjeder, B. 1961. Neuroptera-Planipennia. The lace-wings of southern Africa. 4. Family Hemerobiidae. In: Hanström, B., P. Brinck & G. Rudebeck (eds) South African Animal Life: Results of the Lund University Expedition in 1950–1951 vol. 8 pp. 296–408. Almqvist & Wiksell: Uppsala.

[VC07] Villanueva, R. T., & C. C. Childers. 2007. Insect predators of eriophyids on Florida citrus including a new predacious Lepidoptera and two cecidomyiids. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 391–395. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

Last updated: 22 January 2019.

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