Tanaidacea

Generalised representatives of Neotanaidae, from here.


Belongs within: Eumalacostraca.
Contains: Leptocheliidae, Nototanaididae, Anarthrurinae, Pseudotanaididae, Colletteidae.

The Tanaidacea are a group of burrowing aquatic crustaceans. Most tanaidaceans are less than 5 mm in length, but at least one species reaches close to 8 cm. Members of the Tanaidomorpha live in tubes which they construct by gluing together debris; other tanaidaceans are free-living or burrowing.

Synapomorphies (from Ax 2000): Second thoracopod formed into large chela; cephalothorax formed from head and two thoracic segments, carapace fused dorsally to both these segments.

<==Tanaidacea [Anisopoda, Chelifera, Tanaidea, Tanaioidea, Tanoidea]
    |  i. s.: Anthracocaris Calman 1933 S77
    |         ‘Cryptocaris’ Schram 1974 non Barrande 1872 S77
    |         Ophthalmapseudes Glaessner & Malzahn 1962 S77
    |--Neotanais [Neotanaidae, Neotanaidomorpha] LW02
    |    |--N. americanus Gardiner 1975 LW02
    |    `--N. serratispinosus LW02
    |--Apseudomorpha [Apseudoidea] B08
    |    |  i. s.: Carpoapseudes prospectnes Larsen 1999 LW02
    |    |         Halmyrapseudes Bãcescu & Gutu 1974 B08
    |    |           `--H. killaiyensis Balasubrahmanyan 1959 B08
    |    |--Anuropodidae MD01
    |    |--Apseudellidae MD01
    |    |--Apseudidae MD01
    |    |--Gigantapseudidae MD01
    |    |--Metapseudidae [Cycloapseudidae] MD01
    |    |--Pagurapseudidae MD01
    |    |--Sphyrapidae MD01
    |    |--Tanapseudidae MD01
    |    |--Tanzanapseudidae MD01
    |    |--Kalliapseudes MGV06 [Kalliapseudidae MD01]
    |    |    `--K. schubarti MGV06
    |    |--Whiteleggiidae [Leviapseudidae, Leviapseudinae] MD01
    |    `--Pseudohalmyrapseudes Larsen & Hansknecht 2004 [Parapseudidae] B08
    |         |--*P. aquadulcis Larsen & Hansknecht 2004 B08
    |         |--P. linnaei Bamber 2008 B08
    |         `--P. mussauensis (Shiino 1965) [=Apseudes mussauensis] B08
    `--Tanaidomorpha [Tanaidae] LW02
         |--Tanaidoidea LW02
         |    |--Sinelobus stanfordi (Richardson 1901) B08
         |    `--Tanais H47
         |         |--T. cavolinii BBB-S95
         |         |--T. loricatus H47
         |         `--T. normani H47
         `--Paratanaidoidea [Akanthophoreinae, Leptognathiinae, Paratanaoidea] LW02
              |  i. s.: Bifida scleractinicola Sieg & Zibrowius 1981 LW02
              |         Chauliopleona Dojiri & Sieg 1997 LW02
              |         Nototanaoides Sieg & Heard 1985 LW02
              |           `--N. trifurcatus Sieg & Heard 1985 LW02
              |         Meromonakantha macrocephala (Hansen 1913) LW02
              |         Andrognathia Sieg 1983 LW02
              |         Leptognathioides polita (Hansen 1913) LW02
              |         Safaritanais Kudinova-Pasternak 1987 LW02
              |           `--S. macrochephala Kudinova-Pasternak 1987 LW02
              |         Armatognathia Kudinova-Pasternak 1987 LW02
              |           `--A. birsteini Kudinova-Pasternak 1987 LW02
              |         Pseudoparatanais Sieg 1973 LW02
              |           `--P. batei (Sars 1882) LW02
              |         Robustognathia Kudinova-Pasternak 1989 LW02
              |         Tanaopsis Sars 1896 LW02
              |           `--T. graciloides (Liljeborg 1864) LW02
              |         Pseudomacrinella Kudinova-Pasternak 1990 LW02
              |           `--P. macrocephala Kudinova-Pasternal 1990 LW02
              |         Parafilitanais Kudinova-Pasternak 1989 LW02
              |           `--P. mexicana Larsen 2002 LW02
              |         Akanthophoreus Sieg 1986 LW02
              |           `--A. gracilis (Kroyer 1842) LW02
              |         Scoloura Sieg & Dojiri 1991 LW02
              |           `--S. phillipsi Sieg & Dojiri 1991 LW02
              |         Monstrotanais Kudinova-Pasternak 1981 LW02
              |           `--M. mirabilicheles Kudinova-Pasternak 1981 LW02
              |         Mimicarhaphura Sieg 1986 LW02
              |           `--M. immanis Sieg 1986 LW02
              |         Paraleptognathia Sieg 1986 LW02
              |           `--P. antactica Sieg 1986 LW02
              |         Tanabnomia Gutu 1986 LW02
              |           `--T. caudata Gutu 1968 LW02
              |         Robustochelia Kudinova-Pasternak 1983 LW02
              |           `--R. longa Kudinova-Pasternak 1983 LW02
              |         Stenotanais Bird & Holdich 1984 LW02
              |           `--S. crassiseta Bird & Holdich 1894 LW02
              |--Leptocheliidae LW02
              |--Pseudozeuxo Sieg 1982 [incl. Charbeitanais Bamber & Bird 1997; Pseudozeuxidae] LW02
              |    `--P. belizensis Sieg 1982 LW02
              |--Paratanaididae LW02
              |    |--Bathytanais Beddard 1886 LW02
              |    |    `--B. juergeni Larsen & Wilson 1998 LW02
              |    |--Pseudobathytanais Kudinova-Pasternak 1991 LW02
              |    |    `--P. shtokmani Kudinova-Pasternak 1990 LW02
              |    `--Paratanais Dana 1852 LW02
              |         |--P. maleficus Larsen 2001 LW02
              |         `--P. nanaimoensis H47
              `--+--Nototanaididae LW02
                 `--+--Anarthrurinae LW02
                    |--Pseudotanaididae LW02
                    |--Colletteidae LW02
                    |--Leptognathia Sars 1882 [Leptognathiidae] LW02
                    |    |--L. breviremis (Liljeborg 1864) LW02
                    |    `--L. longiremis H47
                    `--Tanaellidae LW02
                         |--Araphura Bird & Holdich 1984 LW02
                         |    `--A. brevimanus (Liljeborg 1864) LW02
                         |--Araphuroides Sieg 1986 LW02
                         |    `--A. parabreviremis Sieg 1986 LW02
                         |--Arthrura Kudinova-Pasternak 1966 LW02
                         |    `--A. andriashevi Kudinova-Pasternak 1966 LW02
                         `--Tanaella Norman & Stebbing 1886 LW02
                              `--T. unisetosa Sieg 1986 LW02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

Ax, P. 2000. Muticellular Animals: the phylogenetic system of the Metazoa vol. 2. Springer.

[B08] Bamber, R. N. 2008. A new species of the freshwater tanaidacean genus Pseudohalmyrapseudes (Crustacea: Tanaidacea: Parapseudidae) from Sulawesi. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (4): 421–428.

[BBB-S95] Boubezari, K., G. Bitar & D. Bellan-Santini. 1995. Structure et organisation de trois moulières (Mytilus galloprovincialis et Perna perna) de la région d'Alger. Mésogée 54: 63–72.

[H47] Hatch, M. H. 1947. The Chelifera and Isopoda of Washington and adjacent regions. University of Washington Publications in Biology 10 (5): 155–274.

[LW02] Larsen, K., & G. D. F. Wilson. 2002. Tanaidacean phylogeny, the first step: the superfamily Paratanaidoidea. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 40: 205–222.

[MGV06] Mai, A. C. G., A. M. Garcia & J. P. Vieira. 2006. Ecologia alimentar do barrigudinho Jenynsia multidentata (Jenyns, 1842) (Pisces: Cyprinodontiformes) no estuário da Laguna dos Patos, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Comunicações do Museo de Ciências e Tecnologia da PUCRS, Serie Zoologia 19 (1): 3–18.

[MD01] Martin, J. W., & G. E. Davis. 2001. An updated classification of the Recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County, Science Series 39: 1–124.

[S77] Schram, F. R. 1977. Paleozoogeography of Late Paleozoic and Triassic Malacostraca. Systematic Zoology 26 (4): 367–379.

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