Specimen of Crangon, from here.

Belongs within: Caridea.

The Crangonoidea are a group of shrimps uniting Glyphocrangon and the Crangonidae. They are distinguished by having the first pair of pereopods prehensile (Glyphocrangon) or subchelate (Crangonidae). A strong toothed rostrum is present in Glyphocrangon but the rostrum is usually small in Crangonidae. Within Crangonidae, the second pereopods are commonly chelate though they are simple in the genera Prionocrangon, Sabinea and Vercoia, and absent in Paracrangon (Dardeau & Heard 1983).

See also: Reference review: The secret of Bubba-Gump's success.

    |--Glyphocrangon MG-H11 [Glyphocrangonidae MD01]
    |    |--G. confusa Komai 2004 MG-H11
    |    |--G. lineata Komai 2004 MG-H11
    |    |--G. longirostris M85
    |    |--G. perplexa Komai 2004 MG-H11
    |    |--G. sculpta M85
    |    `--G. sibogae De Man 1918 MG-H11
    `--Crangonidae DH83
         |--Paracrangon Dana 1852 DH83
         |--Vercoia Baker 1904 DH83
         |--Lissocrangon Kuris & Carlton 1977 DH83
         |--Notocrangon Coutière 1900 DH83
         |--Rhynocrangon Zarenkov 1965 DH83
         |--Neocrangon Zarenkov 1965 DH83
         |--Mesocrangon Zarenkov 1965 DH83
         |--Lissosabinea lynseyae Taylor & Collins 2009 MG-H11
         |--Parapontophilus junceus (Bate 1888) MG-H11
         |--Philoceras incisus (Kemp 1916) MG-H11
         |--Argis Krøyer 1842 [incl. Nectocrangon Brandt 1851] DH83
         |    `--A. dentata (Rathbun 1902) DH83
         |--Prionocrangon Wood-Mason & Alcock 1891 DH83
         |    `--P. pectinata Faxon 1896 DH83
         |--Sclerocrangon Sars 1883 DH83
         |    |--S. agassizii S00
         |    |--S. boreas (Phipps 1774) DH83
         |    |--S. ferox (Sars 1876) [=Cheraphilus ferox] S00
         |    `--S. salebrosus [=Crangon salebrosus] S00
         |--Aegaeon MG-H11
         |    |--A. cataphractus (Olivi 1792) KK03
         |    `--A. lacazei (Gourret 1887) MG-H11
         |--Parapontocaris MG-H11
         |    |--P. aspera Chace 1984 MG-H11
         |    `--P. levigata Chace 1984 MG-H11
         |--Metacrangon Zarenkov 1965 DH83
         |    `--M. jacqueti DH83
         |         |--M. j. jacqueti DH83
         |         `--M. j. agassizii (Smith 1882) DH83
         |--Sabinea Ross 1835 DH83
         |    |--S. hystrix (Milne Edwards 1881) DH83
         |    |--S. indica DeMan 1918 DH83
         |    |--S. sarsii Smith 1879 DH83
         |    |--S. septemcarinata (Sabine 1824) DH83 [=Crangon septemcarinatus S00; incl. Myto gaimardii S00]
         |    `--S. tridentata Pequegnat 1970 DH83
         |--Pontocaris Bate 1888 DH83
         |    |--P. caribbaea (Boone 1927) [=Aegeon caribbaeus] DH83
         |    |--P. cataphracta PP64
         |    |--P. lacazei PP64
         |    |--P. pennata Bate 1888 MG-H11
         |    |--P. propensalata Bate 1888 MG-H11
         |    `--P. vicina Dardeau & Heard 1983 DH83
         |--Crangon Fabricius 1798 DH83
         |    |--C. affinis De Haan 1849 HM03
         |    |--C. allmanni M85
         |    |--C. crangon (Linnaeus 1758) HM03
         |    |--C. franciscorum Stimpson 1856 HM03
         |    |--C. septemspinosa Say 1818 DH83
         |    |--C. uritai Hayashi & Kim 1999 HM03
         |    `--C. vulgaris CS77
         `--Pontophilus Leach 1817 [incl. Philocheras Stebbing 1900] DH83
              |--P. abyssi Smith 1884 DH83
              |--P. australis HS01
              |--‘Philocheras’ bispinosus (Hailstone 1835) KK03
              |--P. brevirostris Smith 1881 DH83
              |--P. challengeri Ortmann 1893 [=P. gracilis Bate 1888 non Smith 1882] DH83
              |--P. echinulatus PP64
              |--‘Philocheras’ fasciatus (Risso 1816) KK03
              |--P. gorei Dardeau 1980 DH83
              |--P. gracilis Smith 1882 [incl. P. occidentalis var. indica DeMan 1918, P. indicus] DH83
              |--‘Philocheras’ monacanthus (Holthuis 1961) KK03
              |--P. norvegicus (Sars 1861) DH83
              |--‘Philocheras’ sculptus (Bell 1847) KK03
              |--P. spinosus (Leach 1815) KK03
              |--P. talismani Crosnier & Forest 1973 DH83
              `--P. trispinosus (Hailstone 1835) PP64, KK03 [=Philocheras trispinosus KK03]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[DH83] Dardeau, M. R., & R. W. Heard Jr. 1983. Crangonid shrimps (Crustacea: Caridea), with a description of a new species of Pontocaris. Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 6 (2): 1–39.

[HM03] Hanamura, Y., & M. Matsuoka. 2003. Feeding habits of the sand shrimp, Crangon uritai Hayashi & Kim, 1999, in the central Seto Inland Sea, Japan. Crustaceana 76 (8): 1017–1024.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[KK03] Kocataş, A., & T. Katağan. 2003. The decapod crustacean fauna of the Turkish seas. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 63–74.

[M85] Markham, J. C. 1985. A review of the bopyrid isopods infesting caridean shrimps in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean, with special reference to those collected during the Hourglass Cruises in the Gulf of Mexico. Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 7 (3): 1–156.

[MD01] Martin, J. W., & G. E. Davis. 2001. An updated classification of the Recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County, Science Series 39: 1–124.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O'Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d'Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[S00] Stebbing, T. R. R. 1900. Arctic Crustacea: Bruce collection. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 1–16.

Last updated: 27 December 2021.

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