Liparetrus

Liparetrus sp., copyright Fir0002.


Belongs within: Melolonthinae.

Liparetrus is a diverse genus of chafers endemic to Australia; the genus' diversity makes it difficult to define categorically, but species are small and robust with short elytra and/or a pale, transparent posterior margin to the rear coxae (Britton 1980).

Characters (from Britton 1980): Small (length 3–14 mm), of stout build; elytra usually short, so that propygidium is largely exposed; eye usually truncate posteriorly and so almost semicircular in outline; posterior coxae usually with pale transparent posterior margins; proximal (second) tooth on outer edge of anterior tibia, when present, not closely applied to base of tibia; labrum not fused to clypeus; claws without pulvilli; propygidium and penultimate ventrite usually fused into a continuous ring, without trace of a longitudinal suture which normally separates the two on each side; antennae usually 9-segmented, rarely 7- or 8-segmented; antenna1 club always 3-lamellate.

<==Liparetrus Guérin-Méneville 1831 [incl. Liparetra Hope 1837] HW92
    |  i. s.: L. collesi Britton 1980 HW92
    |         L. lottinii M86
    |--L. nudipennis group B80
    |    |--L. nudipennis Germar 1848 B80
    |    `--L. squamipennis Britton 1980 B80
    |--L. squamiger group B80
    |    |--L. bellarus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. imbricatus Britton 1980 B80
    |    `--L. squamiger Macleay 1886 B80
    |--L. sericeus group B80
    |    |--L. collessi Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. picipennis Germar 1848 [incl. L. nitidior Macleay 1886, L. obscurus Macleay 1886 non Blanchard 1853] B80
    |    |--L. sericeus Macleay 1871 [incl. L. latiusculus Macleay 1886] B80
    |    `--L. triangulatus Britton 1959 B80
    |--L. erythropterus group B80
    |    |--L. dispar Blackburn 1888 B80
    |    |--L. ebeninus Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. erythropterus Blanchard 1851 B80
    |    `--L. puer Blackburn 1905 [incl. L. longipilis Lea 1924] B80
    |--L. convexior group B80
    |    |--L. adelus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. argenteus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. carnei Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. convexior Macleay 1886 [incl. L. caviceps Blackburn 1888] B80
    |    |--L. newmani Britton 1980 B80
    |    `--L. pallidus Macleay 1871 B80
    |--L. dixoni group B80
    |    |--L. armstrongi Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. dixoni Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. jubatus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. rotundipennis Macleay 1886 [incl. L. simplex Blackburn 1888] B80
    |    |--L. sericeipennis Macleay 1886 B80
    |    `--L. wilsoni Britton 1980 B80
    |--L. alienus group B80
    |    |--L. alienus Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. diversus Blackburn 1888 B80
    |    |--L. limbatus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. opacus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. pauxillus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. pusillus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. suavis Blackburn 1889 B80
    |    `--L. vicinus Britton 1980 B80
    |--L. discoidalis group B80
    |    |--L. bakeri Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. bimaculatus Lea 1917 B80
    |    |--L. discoidalis Macleay 1864 B80
    |    |--L. hattanus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. orestes Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. reburrus Britton 1980 B80
    |    `--L. ulingus Britton 1980 B80
    |--L. ferrugineus group B80
    |    |--L. confusus Blackburn 1912 B80
    |    |--L. convexus Boisduval 1835 (see below for synonymy) B80
    |    |--L. curtulus Burmeister 1855 [incl. L. brunneipennis Blackburn 1892, L. ubiquitosus Macleay 1886] B80
    |    |--L. erythropygus Blanchard 1851 B80
    |    |--L. ferrugineus Blanchard 1851 B80
    |    |--L. mimicus Lea 1917 B80
    |    `--L. teres Britton 1980 B80
    |--L. laetus group B80
    |    |--L. albipennis Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. cribripennis Lea 1924 B80
    |    |--L. geminatus Lea 1924 B80
    |    |--L. laetus Blackburn 1888 [incl. L. basicollis Lea 1917] B80
    |    |--L. longidens Lea 1917 B80
    |    |--L. modestus Blackburn 1888 B80
    |    `--L. stygius Britton 1980 B80
    |--L. discipennis group B80
    |    |--*L. discipennis Guérin-Méneville 1831 B80, HW92 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--L. aethiops Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. albohirtus Masters 1886 [=L. basalis Macleay 1864 non Blanchard 1851] B80
    |    |--L. gravidus Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. squamosus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. rotundicollis Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. trichopygus Lea 1917 B80
    |    `--L. ventralis Blackburn 1905 B80
    |--L. atratus group B80
    |    |--L. amabilis Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. asper Macleay 1886 [incl. L. spretus Blackburn 1892] B80
    |    |--L. atratus Burmeister 1855 B80 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--L. hirpex Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. mixtus Lea 1919 B80
    |    |--L. monartus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. subsquamosus Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. tristis Blanchard 1851 B80
    |    `--L. uniformis Blanchard 1851 B80
    |--L. luridipennis group B80
    |    |--L. carnabyi Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. cribriceps Lea 1924 B80
    |    |--L. flavipennis Lea 1917 B80
    |    |--L. glabripennis Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. lepidopygus Lea 1917 [incl. L. trichosternus Lea 1917] B80
    |    |--L. lissapterus Lea 1917 B80
    |    |--L. luridipennis Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. necessarius Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. trivialis Britton 1980 B80
    |    `--L. vestitus Blanchard 1846 B80, HW92
    |         |--L. v. vestitus [incl. L. nigroumbratus Blackburn 1888, L. pruinosus Burmeister 1855] HW92
    |         `--L. v. sedani Blackburn 1888 HW92
    |--L. monticola group B80
    |    |--L. atomus Britton 1959 B80
    |    |--L. flavopictus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. gilvus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. glaber Macleay 1871 [=L. laevatus Macleay 1886; incl. L. parvulus Macleay 1871] B80
    |    |--L. luridus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. micros Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. minor Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. monticola (Fabricius 1775) (see below for synonymy) B80
    |    |--L. ‘pygmaeus’ Britton 1980 non Burmeister 1855 B80
    |    `--L. unidentatus Lea 1917 B80
    |--L. capillatus group B80
    |    |--L. amplus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. angulatus Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. capillatus Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. cognatus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. laevis Blanchard 1851 (see below for synonymy) B80
    |    |--L. rothei Blackburn 1888 B80
    |    |--L. rotundiformis Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. rubicundus Macleay 1864 [incl. L. irregularis Lea 1917, L. propinquus Macleay 1886] B80
    |    |--L. rugatus Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. seclusus Britton 1980 B80
    |    `--L. tridentatus Macleay 1871 [incl. L. acutidens Macleay 1886] B80
    |--L. striatus group B80
    |    |--L. brevipes Blackburn 1905 [incl. L. leai Blackburn 1905] B80
    |    |--L. incertus Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. insularis Blackburn 1888 B80
    |    |--L. jenkinsi Britton 1959 B80
    |    |--L. lividipennis Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. merredinensis Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. mulurus Britton 1959 B80
    |    |--L. obscurior Lea 1917 B80
    |    |--L. plautus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. striatus Blanchard 1851 (see below for synonymy) B80
    |    |--L. sylvicola (Fabricius 1775) B80 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--L. tibialis Lea 1924 B80
    |--L. fulvohirtus group B80
    |    |--L. albosetosus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. andersoni Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. ater Macleay 1886 [incl. L. nitidipennis Macleay 1886] B80
    |    |--L. fulvohirtus Macleay 1871 (see below for synonymy) B80
    |    |--L. karallus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. kennedyi Macleay 1886 [incl. L. majorinus Lea 1919] B80
    |    |--L. niger Lea 1917 B80
    |    |--L. pandus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. phoenicopterus Germar 1848 B80
    |    |--L. urbulus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. vastus Britton 1980 B80
    |    `--L. wanamarus Britton 1980 B80
    |--L. concolor group B80
    |    |--L. analis Blackburn 1888 B80
    |    |--L. collaris Macleay 1886 [incl. L. maurus Blackburn 1892] B80
    |    |--L. concolor Erichson 1842 B80
    |    |--L. consanguineus Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. fimbriatus Blackburn 1888 B80
    |    |--L. karinus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. kreuslerae Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. lugens Blackburn 1892 [incl. L. tarsalis Lea 1924] B80
    |    |--L. ovipennis Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. pectinatus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. rubefactus Macleay 1886 B80
    |    `--L. septuosus Britton 1980 B80
    |--L. marginipennis group B80
    |    |--L. criniger Macleay 1886 [incl. L. perplexus Blackburn 1888] B80
    |    |--L. flavicornis Lea 1917 B80
    |    |--L. germari Macleay 1886 [incl. L. insignis Lea 1917, L. mastersi Macleay 1886] B80
    |    |--L. insolitus Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. marginipennis Blanchard 1851 (see below for synonymy) B80
    |    |--L. nigrinus Germar 1848 [incl. L. rugosus Macleay 1886] B80
    |    |--L. paryphus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. pimbus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. trichotus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. umbrosus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. villosus Britton 1980 B80
    |    `--L. xanthotrichus Blanchard 1851 B80
    |--L. flavus group B80
    |    |--L. arenosus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. aridus Blackburn 1895 B80
    |    |--L. ascius Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. assitus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. cerinus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. cinnameus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. flavidus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. flavus Lea 1917 B80
    |    |--L. furfurosus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. luteus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. medius Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. pallidulus (Macleay 1888) [=Scitala pallidula; incl. L. bilobus Lea 1924] B80
    |    |--L. paulus Britton 1980 B80
    |    `--L. pulvereus Britton 1980 B80
    |--L. lanaticollis group B80
    |    |--L. cantrelli Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. castaneus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. cinctipennis Blackburn 1905 B80
    |    |--L. commoni Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. demarzi Britton 1959 B80
    |    |--L. halei Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. lanaticollis Macleay 1888 [incl. L. albovillosus Lea 1917] B80
    |    |--L. minimus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. minusculus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. minutus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. obesus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. occidentalis Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. pallens Lea 1917 B80
    |    |--L. palmerstoni Blackburn 1888 B80
    |    |--L. pholiotus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. semiflavus Lea 1917 B80
    |    |--L. simulator Lea 1926 B80
    |    |--L. tanami Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. tatakus Britton 1980 B80
    |    `--L. uptoni Britton 1980 B80
    |--L. gracilipes group B80
    |    |--L. abnormalis Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. atrox Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. aulax Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. comes Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. convexiusculus Macleay 1883 [incl. L. acutangulus Lea 1919] B80
    |    |--L. finitimus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. fumosus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. gracilipes Blackburn 1888 [incl. L. tuberculatus Lea 1895] B80
    |    |--L. ithonus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. kungarus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. laeticulus Blackburn 1889 B80
    |    |--L. mimus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. nigrifrons Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. obscurus Blanchard 1846 B80, HW92 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--L. parvus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. robustus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. satanus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. simillimus Macleay 1886 B80
    |    |--L. tenebrosus Britton 1980 B80
    |    |--L. tulanus Britton 1980 B80
    |    `--L. vespertinus Britton 1980 B80
    `--L. rufipennis group B80
         |--L. atriceps Macleay 1864 [incl. L. fallax Blackburn 1888, L. micans Macleay 1886] B80
         |--L. badius Macleay 1888 B80
         |--L. bituberculatus Macleay 1886 [incl. L. melaleucae Lea 1917, L. piliceps Lea 1924] B80
         |--L. carpentariae Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. compositus Lea 1917 B80
         |--L. crassus Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. distans Blackburn 1905 B80
         |--L. distinctus Blackburn 1895 B80
         |--L. glauerti Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. globulus Macleay 1886 [incl. L. mysticus Blackburn 1889] B80
         |--L. hilli Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. impressicollis Macleay 1886 B80
         |--L. kiatanus Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. laciniatus Lea 1917 B80
         |--L. malara Britton 1959 B80
         |--L. melallus Britton 1959 B80
         |--L. melanocephalus Blackburn 1895 B80
         |--L. merus Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. nigricollis Hope 1842 B80
         |--L. nudus Lea 1917 B80
         |--L. opacicollis Macleay 1886 [incl. L. clypealis Lea 1924] B80
         |--L. orsinus Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. periosus Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. perkinsi Blackburn 1905 B80
         |--L. pezus Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. politus Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. posticalis Blackburn 1888 B80
         |--L. quinquelobatus Lea 1919 B80
         |--L. rubrus Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. rufipennis Macleay 1864 B80
         |--L. semiatriceps Lea 1917 B80
         |--L. semicastaneus Lea 1917 [incl. L. apicalis Lea 1917] B80
         |--L. validus Britton 1980 B80
         |--L. vestjensi Britton 1980 B80
         `--L. waningus Britton 1980 B80

Liparetrus atratus Burmeister 1855 B80 [incl. L. intermedius Lea 1919 B80, L. obtusidens Macleay 1886 B80, L. orthodoxus Lea 1924 HW92, L. parvidens Macleay 1886 HW92]

Liparetrus convexus Boisduval 1835 [incl. L. basalis Blanchard 1851, L. macleayi Blackburn 1888, L. salebrosus Macleay 1886] B80

*Liparetrus discipennis Guérin-Méneville 1831 B80, HW92 [incl. L. assimilis Macleay 1886 B80, L. canescens Macleay 1886 B80, L. montanus Macleay 1886 B80, L. puncticeps Lea 1917 B80]

Liparetrus fulvohirtus Macleay 1871 [incl. L. adelaidae Blackburn 1892, L. comatus Macleay 1886, L. flavopilosus Macleay 1871, L. mitchelli Macleay 1886, L. pilosus Macleay 1871, L. rufiventris Macleay 1871, L. villosicollis Macleay 1886] B80

Liparetrus laevis Blanchard 1851 [incl. L. agrestis Blackburn 1888, L. nigriceps Macleay 1886, L. nigriclavus Lea 1917] B80

Liparetrus marginipennis Blanchard 1851 [=L. marginicollis (l. c.); incl. L. callosus Macleay 1886, L. hirsutus Burmeister 1855, L. nigrohirtus Macleay 1886] B80

Liparetrus monticola (Fabricius 1775) [=Melolontha monticola; incl. L. blanchardi Blackburn 1905, L. gagaticeps Macleay 1888] B80

Liparetrus obscurus Blanchard 1846 B80, HW92 [incl. L. carus Lea 1917 B80, L. holosericeus Macleay 1886 B80, L. iridipennis Germar 1848 B80, L. senex Blackburn 1888 B80, L. sylvicola Blanchard 1853 non Melolontha sylvicola Fabricius 1775 B80]

Liparetrus striatus Blanchard 1851 [incl. L. glabratus Burmeister 1855, L. ovatus Macleay 1886, L. picipennis Macleay 1886 non Germar 1848] B80

Liparetrus sylvicola (Fabricius 1775) B80 [=Melolontha sylvicola B80, *Liparetra sylvicola HW92; incl. Liparetrus juvenis Blackburn 1888 B80, Liparetrus vicarius Blackburn 1905 B80]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B80] Britton, E. B. 1980. A revision of the Australian chafers (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) vol. 3. Tribe Liparetrini: genus Liparetrus. Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplementary Series 76: 1–209.

[HW92] Houston, W. W. K., & T. A. Weir. 1992. Melolonthinae. In: Houston, W. W. K. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 9. Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea pp. 174–358. AGPS Press: Canberra.

[M86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part III. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 21–126.

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