Florida crown conch Melongena corona, copyright Andrea Westmoreland.

Belongs within: Muricoidea.

The Melongenidae, crown conches, are a group of large, solid-shelled neogastropods similar in appearance to large whelks.

<==Melongenidae [Cassidulina, Cassidulinae]
    |--Echinofulgur Olsson & Harbison 1953 [Echinofulgurinae] BR05
    `--Melongeninae BR05
         |--Heligmotoma Mayer-Eymar 1896 [Heligmotomidae] BR05
         |--Volema Röding 1798 [Volemidae] BR05
         |    `--V. cornuta [=Galeodes (Volema) cornuta] H62
         |--‘Galeodes’ Röding 1798 non Olivier 1791 BR05
         |    |--G. cochlidium (Linnaeus 1758) [=Murex cochlidium] H09
         |    `--G. pricei (Smith 1887) [=Fusus pricei] H09
         `--Melongena Schumacher 1817 [incl. Cassidulus Gray 1854 nec Lamarck 1801 nec Berthold 1827] BR05
              |--M. (Rexmela) bispinosa (Philippi 1844) P89
              |--M. corona C59
              |    |--M. c. corona BC01
              |    `--M. c. johnstonei Clench & Turner 1956 BC01
              |--M. lainei (Basterot 1825) GK02
              |--M. patula ZLK11
              |--M. perponderosa Martin 1919 [=M. (Pugilina) ponderosa (Martin 1895) non Trophon ponderosum] F27
              |--M. (Pugilina) ponderosa [=Trophon ponderosum] F27
              `--M. sprucecreekensis Tucker 1994 BC01

Melongenidae incertae sedis:
  Volegalea Iredale 1938 WG71
    `--V. wardiana Iredale 1938 WG71
  Rhombopsis Gardner 1916 [=Neptunella Meek 1864 non Gray 1854] P66
    `--*R. newberryi (Meek & Hayden 1857) [=Fusus newberryi, *Neptunella newberryi] P66
  Bruclarkia P66
    `--‘Fusus’ corpulentus Conrad 1849 [=Priscofusus corpulentus] P66
  Hemifusus ZLK11
    |--H. colosseus ZLK11
    |--H. ternatanus ZLK11
    `--H. tuba ZLK11

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[C59] Caldwell, D. K. 1959. Notes on the crown conch, Melongena corona. Nautilus 72 (4): 117–122.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[GK02] Gründel, J., & T. Kowalke. 2002. Palaeorissoinidae, a new family of marine and brackish water Rissooidea (Gastropoda, Littorinimorpha). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen 226 (1): 43–57.

[H62] Häntzschel, W. 1962. Trace fossils and problematica. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt W. Miscellanea: Conodonts, Conoidal Shells of Uncertain Affinities, Worms, Trace Fossils and Problematica pp. W177–W245. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[P89] Petuch, E. J. 1989. New species of Malea (Gastropoda: Tonnidae) from the Pleistocene of southern Florida. Nautilus 103 (3): 92–95.

[P66] Powell, A. W. B. 1966. The molluscan families Speightiidae and Turridae: an evaluation of the valid taxa, both Recent and fossil, with lists of characteristic species. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum 5: 1–184, pls 1–23.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

[ZLK11] Zou, S., Q. Li & L. Kong. 2011. Additional gene data and increased sampling give new insights into the phylogenetic relationships of Neogastropoda, within the caenogastropod phylogenetic framework. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 425–435.

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