Pherusa plumosa, from here.

Belongs within: Annelida.

The Cirratulida are a group of largely sedentary, deposit-feeding polychaete worms characterised by the possession of a single pair of peristomial palps and an eversible ventral pharynx. Members of the group include the Cirratulidae, characterised by the presence of series of simple, elongate filaments along the body.

<==Cirratulida H-S86
    |  i. s.: Parergodrilidae H-S86
    |           |--Parergodrilus heideri Reisinger 1925 RP07
    |           `--Stygocapitella Knöllner 1943 H-S86
    |                `--S. subterranea Knoellner 1943 RP07
    |--Cirratulidae SS07
    |    |  i. s.: Chaetozone setosa SS-P01
    |    |--Cirriformia RP07
    |    |    |--C. luxuriosa (Moore 1904) SS07
    |    |    |--C. semicincta P71
    |    |    `--C. tentaculata (Montagu 1808) RP07
    |    `--+--Cirratulus Lamarck 1801 RP07, H62
    |       |    |--*C. cirratus (Müller 1776) [=Aphrodite cirrata] H62
    |       |    `--C. spectabilis (Kinberg 1866) SS07
    |       `--+--Caulleriella parva Gillandt 1979 RP07
    |          `--+--Aphelochaeta marioni (de Saint Joseph 1894) RP07
    |             `--+--Ctenodrilidae H69
    |                |    |--Ctenodrilus Claparède 1863 RP07, H-S86
    |                |    |    `--C. serratus (Schmidt 1857) RP07
    |                |    |--Zeppelinia H69
    |                |    `--Raphidrilus nemasoma H69, M62
    |                `--Dodecaceria Oersted 1843 RP07, H75
    |                     |--*D. concharum Öersted 1843 H62, RP07
    |                     `--D. fistulicola H75
    `--+--Acrocirridae RP07
       |    |--Acrocirrus validus KBC03
       |    `--Macrochaeta Grube 1850 H-S86
       |         |--M. clavicornis (Sars 1835) RP07
       |         `--M. multipapillata Westheide 1981 H-S86
       `--Flabelligeridae SS07
            |  i. s.: Mazopherusa prinosi PTV14
            |--Flabelligera RP07
            |    |--F. affinis Sars 1829 RP07 (see below for synonymy)
            |    `--F. bicolor HS01
            `--+--Diplocirrus glaucus (Malmgren 1867) SS07
               `--+--Poeobius [Poeobiidae] SS07
                  |    `--P. meseres Heath 1930 SS07
                  `--+--Piromis erecta SS07
                     `--Pherusa SS07
                          |--P. affinis M02
                          |--P. eruca M62
                          `--P. plumosa (Müller 1776) SS07

Boring: Dodecaceria cretacea H75

Flabelligera affinis Sars 1829 RP07 [=Siphonostoma affinis BK77; incl. Chlorhema dujardinii Giard 1880 BK77, S. dujardini BK77]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BK77] Barel, C. D. N., & P. G. N. Kramers. 1977. A survey of the echinoderm associates of the north-east Atlantic area. Zoologische Verhandelingen 156: 1–159.

[H75] Häntzschel, W. 1975. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt W. Miscellanea Suppl. 1. Trace Fossils and Problematica 2nd ed. The Geological Society of America: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[H-S86] Hartmann-Schröder, G. 1986. Polychaeta (incl. Archiannelida). In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 210–233. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H69] Hermans, C. O. 1969. The systematic position of the Archiannelida. Systematic Zoology 18 (1): 85–102.

[H62] Howell, B. F. 1962. Worms. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt W. Miscellanea: Conodonts, Conoidal Shells of Uncertain Affinities, Worms, Trace Fossils and Problematica pp. W144–W177. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[KBC03] Kashin, I. A., E. V. Bagaveeva & S. F. Chaplygina. 2003. Fouling communities of hydrotechnical constructions in Nakhodka Bay (Sea of Japan). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 29: 267–283.

[M62] Monniot, F. 1962. Recherches sur les graviers a Amphioxus de la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 13: 231–322.

[M02] Musick, J. A. 2002. Sturgeons. Family Acipenseridae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 83–88. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[PTV14] Parry, L., A. Tanner & J. Vinther. 2014. The origin of annelids. Palaeontology 57 (6): 1091–1103.

[P71] Por, F. D. 1971. One hundred years of Suez Canal—a century of Lessepsian migration: retrospect and viewpoints. Systematic Zoology 20 (2): 138–159.

[RP07] Rousset, V., F. Pleijel, G. W. Rouse, C. Erséus & M. E. Siddall. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of annelids. Cladistics 23: 41–63.

[SS-P01] Steiner, G., & L. Salvini-Plawen. 2001. Acaenoplax—polychaete or mollusc? [Letter]. Nature 414: 601–602.

[SS07] Struck, T. H., N. Schutt, T. Kusen, E. Hickman, C. Bleidorn, D. McHugh & K. M. Halanych. 2007. Annelid phylogeny and the status of Sipuncula and Echiura. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 57.

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